Analysis of modern design garden design application of the theory

[Paper Keywords]: Modern Design Theory Analysis of Application of Garden Design

[Abstract]: modern design theory of garden design opens up a new era, the introduction of new concepts and design methods of modern garden design requirements must be an in-depth understanding of modern design theory and principles of the connotation, for garden design . Based on the principles of modern design theory and certain kinds of modern design approach in Landscape Design, to conduct a comprehensive study and analysis, to bring hope to be able to work with the help of garden designer.

First, the principles of modern design theory

Under the new situation the principles of modern design theory has the following contents:

1.1 to function as the main design principles, modern design idea is to artificially ultimate service goals, modern design theory is functionalism. Theoretical ideas in modern design at the request of the design must be turning into a form of functionalism to focus on the dominant ideology emphasizes function first.

1.2 for the public service idea, the essence of the design concept is the service, not the pursuit of excessive formalization of things, but rather to emphasize the service content.

1.3 simple and practical, modern design theory requires stripping the original design forms and features, the use of basic geometric monomer to form simple and practical design.

1.4 technology and art combined the essential connotation of modern design theory made a lot of innovative ideas. Technique and art to combine the principle of objectivity in the natural follow, to achieve the reform of arts and crafts.

Second, the three constituent elements of modern design theory in Garden Design

Color composition, graphic composition, three-dimensional form is not only the constituent elements of the design, but also the design of the core elements of the design of the actual manifestations. These three constituent elements in landscape design, it can be used independently or can be combined to use.

2.1 Color in Modern Landscape Design

Color in Landscape Design is the theoretical basis for the application in the face of the same color will produce psychological aspects and induction.

2.1.1 color sense of the severity of the application in landscape design

Things seem light colored, heavy-colored things look heavy, in garden design must grasp the severity of the color sense, in order to reflect the design theme. Tact the law include: white (light) <smarter <in lightness ({ Di lightness <(heavy) black, low purity (Light) <in purity <(weight) of high purity. smarter bright colors seem light, low brightness of dark lines appear stable, the color combinations and design must be Note that the overall coordination.

2.1.2 cold and warm colors in the garden design application

In modern design school, the color can be divided into warm and cool colors. Warm colors can be fully demonstrated warm pleasant atmosphere for garden design is generally applicable in the celebrations and other scenes. Example: in the plaza entrances large colorful style, arch prop festive atmosphere. cool color is highlighted quiet and solemn atmosphere. example: top of the building in blue tones with white, you can create a solemn atmosphere.

2.1.3 melancholy and bright colors thrill Application in Landscape Design

Yes color purity and brightness produce depression or pleasure out of the main factors. High brightness colors can easily get out pleasure, and low brightness color combinations will lead to a sense of melancholy in the choice of the overall feel of garden design, the To focus on the level of certainty resulting color contrast crisp and melancholy, so as to fully reflect the connotation of garden design.

2.2 Plane Composition in Landscape Design

Plane constitutes a part of the visual language, visual perception and interaction is generated. Planar configuration refers to the design principles of a number of factors, in logical reasoning research carried out under the idea of ​​integration as expected picture of the process. Points, line, surface belong to the plane constituted factor.

2.2.1 Point in Landscape Design

Although point constitute a real embodiment of the plane with only a small area, but its shape has a strong multilateral. Aggregation point of attention can be easily obtained, in the garden design can be integrally formed as the point of visual focal point, or to the heart, in order to achieve prominent theme or mood of the fundamental purpose of creation. example: set in the woods at the end of road pavilion, rockery ladder at the end of the set color door, this one kind of salient points in the form of quick access to visual focus of the installations and garden design combined constitute the constituent elements of rhythm and tempo. making use of garden design point of difference when combined, can construct a rhythmic structure and rhythmic mood. rows of trees, for example, can reflect the order orderly mood.

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2.2.2 Line in Landscape Design

Generated after point trajectory moves called line is the link between the manifestations, the most prominent feature is the line length, two common garden design lines include lines and curves. Horizontal, vertical lines, inclined lines is a straight line appears in three forms. linear general application in the road green belt, formal gardens, local freestyle garden design. horizontal line with a unified, stable, dignified and other features. curve in garden design with a high frequency of application , works everywhere in the garden can be seen curve exists. their garden design occupies a very important role, to the greatest extent, the expansion works of garden space and visual experience.

2.2.3 face in Landscape Design

Different shapes of lines in a closed case can constitute a difference in the nature of the surface. Geometric curvilinear and rectilinear geometry shaped flat plane belongs to garden design often used in flat form factor geometric symmetry plane can be a rule, but also may be asymmetric scattered Under normal circumstances, the rules are applied in the plane of symmetry a commemorative garden plaza's design, such as Tiananmen Square and the Mausoleum in Nanjing. irregular geometric plane curve can be used in flower beds, many parks or courtyard design.

2.3 three-dimensional form in Landscape Design

Three-dimensional form may also be referred in the design space shape, is used to convey the visual form of a design, the message which has inductive characteristics. Dimensional modeling features include a: in a limited space within the space occupied by the entity , combined with space constitute a new mood, a new vision.

2.3.1 mitochondria in Landscape Design

Mitochondria are not only the smallest physical unit, and includes the form of point features, mitochondria in the image of the design is very arbitrary. Mitochondria during garden design, you can think of the trees for a variety of shapes, such as spherical, umbrella shaped flower shape, and even can think of is cylindrical. mitochondria together constitute the space, you can enjoy giving light, lively and fun atmosphere sense mitochondrial Although the design of the garden occupies very little space location , but it can play a finishing touch.

2.3.2_ line body in the garden design application

Lines form a three-dimensional plane called the line of the body, line body contains not only all of the features of flat line, but the also has its own unique form of line body can be composed of different forms to its unfolded visual effect is very different. in the design of the garden time to understand its composition principle, to follow the principles of balanced and symmetrical left and right, up and down and the radial symmetry of the three garden design is symmetrical manner in the design of gardens around and up and down to the attention of the object is symmetrical manner centerline as the axis of symmetry, while the radial symmetry to the center of the object, but is designed in the form to the surrounding emission, such as umbrella kiosk and windmills.

2.3.3 icosahedron in Landscape Design

Icosahedron is a limited space can constitute a three-dimensional way, curved or flat space is both embodied in the form line body, because the body surface can exhibit various forms of state, so space is limited and composition also will show a variety of forms In the design of gardens, if a good grasp of icosahedral use, you can create a variety of forms, mood and space to icosahedral as creating space factor when determining unit icosahedral positive shape and thickness after the number of units icosahedron combined into a unified space. icosahedral units performing portfolio, it should pay special attention to the following questions: To target the request, and coordinate between the various units icosahedral linkages to ensure that the best results can be obtained For example: the location and size of each hill arrangement, meadows, ponds, garden gazebo in the overall proportion.

3 Conclusion

Garden design exists between the three constituent elements very close contact, graphic composition is based on elements of garden design in graphic composition further formed on the basis of three-dimensional form, and then use color to reflect the design theme, the color is a plane composition and three-dimensional form of the manifestations, and three-dimensional form of color and graphic composition is deeper progressive, mutual promotion between the three constituent elements forming a rich three-dimensional space. making garden design, be sure to fully grasp the three constituent elements of the principle of the premise, the integrated use of the links between them, so the potential ability to get to play for our country to support the construction of the garden.

[References]:

[1] Lu on the tile, Wei Maobo. Garden design characteristics of each element of the Department [J]. Technology Innovation Herald. 2008 (17.

[2] Sunxue Fang. Garden Design behavioral and psychological research [D]. Central South University of Forestry and Technology, 2008.

[3] mess treasure. Sun Xiaoxiang garden design ideas and style of [D]. Nanjing Forestry University, 2OlO.

[4] Wang Xinjun. Modern Design Theory and Application in Landscape Design Study [D]. Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, .2004.

[51 Lu Ying. Shape and color in the Modern Garden Design System [D]. Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, 2007. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com

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