The problems of environmental monitoring system Countermeasures

Bit to increase the intensity of environmental monitoring legislation and capacity-building efforts to improve the legal status of environmental monitoring, the monitoring of T for the generally recognized and valued. Environmental protection under the State Council administrative department in charge of special laws and regulations should be introduced to environmental monitoring, should be based on < the law of the law of the People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Act >> introduced << Environmental Monitoring Management Ordinance, supporting policies, improve environmental monitoring system to accelerate the research and the preparation of the technical specifications of environmental monitoring, environmental monitoring of special laws and regulations hierarchy and status also higher than the other, such as water conservancy, meteorology, oceanography and other departments, only << {Water Act, Meteorology Law of Marine Environmental Protection Law of the legal level status, the various departments of environmental monitoring in accordance with the laws of the environmental monitoring designed ¨ and carry out the relevant T, from the true sense of the formation of a national environmental monitoring network.

2.2 to speed up the reform of the environmental monitoring system, accurate positioning of the nature and work of the institutions of the environmental monitoring and accurate positioning of the nature of the environmental monitoring and T, the distinction supervisory monitoring and service monitoring. Existing environmental monitoring system for pollution sources monitoring positioning for the supervision and monitoring of environmental monitoring stations of the environmental protection department of South commitments, the nature of the service quality of the environment monitoring undertaken by the environmental protection department of environmental monitoring stations. environmental monitoring system service monitoring by the social environment can be considered monitoring the forces bear, supervision and environmental monitoring quality of service provided by the environmental protection department.

This is conducive to environmental protection department to concentrate on environmental supervision and law enforcement T for, establish and improve the environmental protection department to supervise the enforcement authority and status, help clarify the responsibility of the Environmental Protection of the stakeholders to form a united front on environmental protection play initiative and role of the various sectors and at all levels of local government to ensure the implementation of environmental protection laws and regulations, systems, standards, conducive to reduce the differences and contradictions of the environmental protection department and departments, and local governments in the specific management of environmental protection affairs, strengthen with various departments and local cooperation, improve work efficiency, faster and better promote the development of environmental protection, but also conducive to the grass-roots environmental protection department to get rid of the passive situation to have to bear the responsibility for environmental protection, lower due to the functions of positioning inaccuracies the risk. I5l while, in order to effectively accomplish comprehensively strengthen the monitoring of pollution sources supervision, carrying out regular monitoring in accordance with the National Environmental Quality Standards project, good soil surveys, special monitoring of the census of pollution sources, the total amount of emission reduction, regional compensation T for the government monitoring functions of the completion of the emergency monitoring tasks, environmental monitoring stations should be in an advantageous political status. therefore, should be carried out to improve the status and level attempt. Changshu and Zhangjiagang cities stations had been the first to try, has enhance the The Keji units complete the monitoring station upgrade the same time, the government should increase the budget to increase the input of the monitoring utilities, to improve the treatment of environmental monitoring personnel to carry out full funding or the civil service management, the income of the institutions more comprehensive management and supervision, funding institutions are fully guaranteed.

Obviously, through further reform of the environmental monitoring system, so that the nature and status of the environmental monitoring work has been re-positioning, but also to the political status of the monitoring stations to be protected from the institutional and legal. Clearly, further environmental monitoring system reform, so that the nature and status of the environmental monitoring work has been re-positioning, which also provide institutional and legal safeguards for the Stations political advancement, optimization of the treatment of staff and head management seriously affect the environmental monitoring activities environmental monitoring departments bull management situation is not sufficiently independent of the nature, to some extent, affect the objectivity of the results of environmental monitoring. driven by local interests, reflect the quality of the environment and environmental performance evaluation, may be subject to a certain degree of administrative intervention. This lack of effective normative regulations and the highest independent regulatory agencies throughout the monitoring activities to be regulated, monitored as a direct result of a complex monitoring systems engineering technology, methods and standards difficult real effective implementation.

This bull management exists for historical reasons. Environmental monitoring of the development process, there was a unified management agencies specialized environmental monitoring and management institutions, but in the institutional reform of the environmental protection department yet withdrawn, the environmental monitoring research, standards, norms and regulations, capacity building, business management and other matters are dispersed to various departments so will result not a single department of environmental monitoring overall network construction, regulations and standards, quality control, capacity building, staff training, data collection and processing, transmission analysis and release system planning and design, supervision and management, there is no one department has overall responsibility for the environmental monitoring.

Range 1.4 no unified, complete and operational environmental monitoring standards, technical specifications and methods of monitoring powers, authorities, departments and units, each department has its monitoring results released in accordance with its laws and regulations related powers. In addition to the National Monitoring Directorate Terminus, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Transportation, Bureau of Meteorology, some colleges and universities, coastal local government departments and monitoring engineering department are more or less carry with monitoring monitoring, investigation or research activities, but its based on different standards and norms, making the release of information from the manner, content, reference standards are not consistent with the overall expansion of the field of environmental protection work. l4l the country increased environmental monitoring hardware investment, has been initially established environmental monitoring system based on routine monitoring, automatic monitoring, including technical equipment, technical standards, technical personnel, and did not keep up with the technology and equipment updates existing environmental monitoring methods and new technology needs to lead from the category of monitoring methods, quantity, or architecture, technical level of monitoring methods, with the actual work needs a big gap.

1.5 have not yet built an effective national environmental monitoring network in environmental monitoring network construction, lack of systematic planning and network functions for the different functions of the environmental monitoring network design, hardware and software of the environmental monitoring network construction conditions are not fully prepared to support and constraints of the environment monitoring network system running the regulations, standards, systems and technical specifications imperfect and not complete, the construction and management of environmental monitoring network is unclear responsibilities and tasks between the upper and lower level confusion, seriously affecting the establishment and improvement of the environmental monitoring network.

At present, China has established four environmental monitoring stations, certain monitoring capabilities. However, monitoring power organs, numerous departments and units, each department has the powers of the monitoring results released in accordance with its laws and regulations. these stations does not really form an effective environmental monitoring network and have the network running, and also meet current environmental management can not.

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2 countermeasures and suggestions

2.1 to strengthen legislation to improve the current legislative level and method of environmental monitoring environmental monitoring law is dispersed in the specialized regulations, and the provisions of the laws and regulations of the various departments of environmental monitoring activities are different, and some even conflicting. < <People's Republic of yuzhen Environmental Protection Act >>, << Water Pollution Prevention Law of the People's Republic of China >> specifically conferred by the environmental protection department of China's water environment supervision and monitoring functions of water. << People's Republic of China adopted in August 2002. method >> also require the conservancy department response to water environment monitoring. obvious legislative conflict, resulting in two departments each other "fight" due to the various departments of conflicting legal provisions on environmental monitoring, and other legal level of environmental laws and regulations above monitoring and status management approach, so that each department can be based on the relevant provisions of the laws and regulations to carry out the monitoring activities such as environmental protection departments in accordance with the Environmental Protection Act, the Ministry of water conservancy, meteorology, and oceanography widely J in accordance with the Water Act, Meteorology Law Marine Environmental Protection Law in the sector of environmental monitoring and management activities. This is a direct result of China's part of the environment monitoring blind spots or more cross-sectoral and duplication of management, so that the responsibilities are not clear. blame for the current departments, industry environmental monitoring The fragmented nature of work, enterprise and social monitoring of laissez-faire, the main reason for the development of various levels of environmental monitoring disorderly.

1.2 nature of the laws and regulations on environmental monitoring and positioning is not accurate positioning of the environmental monitoring and the relevant provisions of the law on environmental monitoring, monitoring is positioned to provide technical support, monitoring results service units in the legal provisions there is no explicit provisions on the enforcement of environmental monitoring, but the actual operation, environmental monitoring is the "vanguard" of law enforcement, without any doubt, to participate in law enforcement activities such institutional mechanisms, confuse the responsibility of the government and enterprises, resulting in environmental monitoring departments busy monitoring of service charges and the monitoring of pollution sources to the neglect of the most important supervisory monitoring and environmental research functions. nature of the environmental monitoring and positioning is not accurate, did not distinguish between supervisory monitoring and service monitoring limited monitoring capacity can not lead to environmental protection departments and for environmental law enforcement services in a timely manner, it is difficult to play its vanguard role. [211.3 Environmental Monitoring Regulatory bull management, fragmented regulatory aspects of environmental monitoring multiple management lack of independent regulatory agencies to a unified system of management and guidance of the Ministry of Environmental Protection at or above the county level should be on the quality of the administrative area of ​​environmental monitoring audits and inspections, at the same time, local governments, and Technical Supervision and the upper-level environment stations have the power of environmental monitoring department to supervise and manage the establishment of an independent regulatory agencies unified management, improvement of national environmental monitoring network countries should establish an independent regulatory agencies to a unified system of management and guidance, so that the environmental monitoring The greatest degree of independence, the clear environmental monitoring duties of supervision and management, the relevant powers and responsibilities, step-by-step to phases of the current environmental monitoring system reform, organized and continuous improvement of national environmental monitoring network.

Environmental monitoring department should gradually improve the national ambient air, surface water, coastal waters, noise, ecology, remote sensing, acid deposition, sandstorms, the Three Gorges Project Ecology and Environmental Monitoring Network. System planning and networking features of the different functions of the environment monitoring network design, to increase the preparation of the environmental monitoring network building hardware and software conditions and spending, improve support and restraint and the introduction of supporting environmental monitoring network system running the regulations, standards, systems, and technical specifications, unify and standardize the implementation of environmental quality standards and pollutant emission standards. pollutants under the project in the monitoring of environmental quality standards and pollutant discharge standards, the provisions of any department or unit should be adopted by law established, the current effective environmental monitoring methods standards and environmental monitoring technical specifications to ensure the quality of the work of environmental monitoring and monitoring the results of the accuracy, reliability, and authoritative, clear responsibilities and tasks of the construction and management of environmental monitoring network.

2.4 speed up to develop a unified operational environmental monitoring standards, technical specifications and methods according to the Environmental Protection Law >>, << laws of the State environmental protection administration departments should seize formulated using a variety of advanced monitoring standards of the technical environmental monitoring method, to solve the problem of insufficient number of monitoring methods, technological obsolescence, and improve the technical level of China's environmental monitoring work will publish longer existing environmental monitoring methods standard to be revised, and the national environmental protection standards The form of release. should stop after the implementation of the new standards, standard and non-standard monitoring methods using has been abolished, unity and improve the actual operational environmental monitoring standards, technical specifications and methods to strengthen environmental monitoring quality management, the establishment of a unified environmental monitoring information release mechanism, and regularly publish key river valleys and the environmental quality of key environmental protection cities, and to play an increasing role in the environmental management of the environment monitoring.

3 Conclusion

Environmental monitoring environmental protection work "Sentinel" and the "eyes and ears", the "vanguard" of environmental law enforcement, and the role it played in the protection of the environment is irreplaceable. Therefore we must accelerate the establishment of the legal system, improve environmental monitoring legal status, regulating environmental monitoring day-to-day monitoring, construction and improve the environmental monitoring network, to make it better for environmental protection and social services.

References

[1] Liu Wei first. Review of our current environmental monitoring system. China Environmental Monitoring 2009 (3). [2] District Hui, QIU Rui bridge, Wu Tianlong. On the environmental monitoring role in environmental enforcement in environmental law enforcement research and explore. 2005,517-520. [3] Huang Yuping, Su Yin. On the legal status of the environmental monitoring data. Environmental Monitoring Management and Technology, 2005 (5). [4] Dong Yingying. Legal channels >> << Perfection of marine environmental monitoring. Set out in << papers full text database >>. [5] Xu tree where. Reform of environmental monitoring. China's environmental protection industry, 2008, No1

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