Papers Category:Political Papers
- Taiwan Issue Papers
Post Time:2012-1-19 11:29:00
Abstract: Taiwan and the mainland compatriots have a common ancestor, the same origin, although the cross-strait reunification there are ups and downs on the road, but throughout history, from the military and political point of view, as long as we overcome the temporary difficulties, strengthen exchanges cooperation, harmonization of the overall situation in the near future.
Keywords: Taiwan, history, the same origin, future, vision, cooperation and exchange, win-win situation we often hear people talk on the Taiwan issue. I read a lot of information about Taiwan, the Taiwan issue for me in a completely different understanding of the past. Therefore, we need to start from the history, let history speak, to solve the Taiwan issue in a complex integrated wrong. First, the history of Taiwan since 1624 AD, the Dutch in southern Taiwan trade base, and began to trade with Fujian and Penghu .
1626, the Spaniards established a colony in northern Taiwan. To 1644, the Qing soldiers crossed the border, the decline of the Ming Dynasty. Koxinga refused to clear with his father, a fall, 1647 uprising against the Qing Zheng Chenggong in Fujian. 1662, led by the Zheng Chenggong, the Ming troops stationed in Fujian defeated the Dutch colonists, recovered Taiwan and Taiwan, and as Ming the base, repeatedly attacked the army stationed in Fujian .1683 years of the Qing Dynasty, Qing by the Shi Lang led the capture of Taiwan, Fujian navy descendants of Zheng Chenggong allegiance Qing Dynasty, the Qing government in 1684 set up the Taiwan government will be under the jurisdiction of Fujian government. to 1885, Taiwan formally established a province in Germany, the new governor Liu Ming-chuan with the assistance of the British established Taiwan's first railroad, marking the beginning of .1885 modern Taiwan, the Qing Dynasty Jiawu defeat, Taiwan became a colony of Japan, the Japanese influence in Taiwan than in mainland China by the beginning of the first step in the process of modernization: Japan's cooperation with the Germans and the British construction of the railway in Taiwan and various other transportation systems, reform and improve the public education system, Taiwan's agriculture and sugar industry has been tremendous development in the period of Japanese rule, can be said that the mainland and Taiwan split in culture to generate a turning point Taiwan people organize to resist the Japanese action as a national dignity, to defend national sovereignty, just move, but I can not deny the objective door on many of the people of Taiwan to Japan really left a certain amount of positive, positive impression, and affect Taiwan's future .1945 on October 25, the ROC's armed forces accepted the surrender of Japanese forces. Chiang Kai-shek this day the name "Taiwan Independence Day." However, because the KMT mismanagement, causing the island's economic situation worse, people generally dissatisfied with the new government has since the outbreak of the police and even confrontation, "228" bloody clashes .1949 years, Chiang Kai-shek retreated to Taiwan. Since then, the PRC and the ROC began to focus on the whole issue of sovereignty over the territory of China playing a long war of words. Chiang Kai-shek in Taiwan, has implemented a one-party authoritarian rule, Taiwan and the mainland authorities shelling each other, or arranged for the strategic missile demonstrations, Chiang Kai-shek has been the implementation of martial law in Taiwan, the island's residents to visit the mainland is strictly prohibited. 70 years, the Sino-US relations, has greatly enhanced China's international status, Ever since the world began in most countries recognize the PRC, the ROC in the international arena will gradually fade out since 1949, Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan in 1987 lifting of martial law this time, other than for cross-strait confrontation between the government, any level of the exchange has been in a vacuum, but the U.S. out of strategic considerations, the PLA sent Seventh Fleet to prevent the liberation of Taiwan, and participated in the Korean War Mao Zedong in Stalin sent troops to the advice of the Korean War, no spare capacity to take account of Taiwan, leading to failed reunification of the motherland. Throughout the history of civilization in Taiwan, we can clear two points. First, the two sides shared a common ancestor, and a common language, cultural background. Is the same root, the second, two hundred years of Manchu rule in addition to other, long-term isolation of Taiwan and the mainland, almost no common experience in most of the time, mostly in the opposite sides of the political status of Taiwan Although millions of people We indeed compatriots, and the cession of the Treaty of Shimonoseki and the KMT government in Taiwan is not as early to the local people also brought an indelible psychological scars - similar to a feeling of being abandoned. For a long time, they can not with the other side reunion of separated family members, they can not return to the mainland ancestral roots, the two sides can not form the so-called "community of destiny." unified in any way to stop the two sides the most fundamental reason is because the temporary loss of identity.
Second, the contemporary and future prospects of Taiwan in 1984, Chiang Kai-shek's son Chiang Ching-kuo began to implement the process of political democratization. In particular, to open Taiwan's first democratic elections in the first of its kind, led to a lot of people on the mainland reverie. Lee Teng-hui's political turn of the century, however, localization of the implementation in 2004, Chen Shui-bian a "bullet" in exchange for re-election, during which tension was exacerbated by both sides. showing a military technology to enhance the acceleration of the Taiwan people to pursue the goal of self-identity worthy of our appreciation, after all, Taiwan has historically suffered too much suffering as GDP per capita in the world can be discharged into the top ten countries / regions, the people of Taiwan eligible to recover their lost self-confidence, but the Taiwan authorities the wrong way. not increase exchanges with the mainland is not conducive to Taiwan's economic livelihood, deliberately avoiding the necessary communication but will imprison the development of Taiwan in the Lee Teng-hui as president, frequently thrown on the provocative statements, when the Chinese strength is still not as now, to take the means of mediation is not rich, so it can fight back in various ways. the consequences of the intensification of conflicts is also not expected Lee Teng-hui. to Chen Shui-bian term, select the importance of Taiwan exchanges with the United States and Japan, hoping to avoid communication with the mainland regime, but because the development of China's comprehensive national strength and international influence continues to increase, the exchange between Taiwan and the United States and Japan are very limited , the United States and dare to change the status quo of Taiwan, and China in order to avoid unnecessary disputes. resulting in Taiwan's economy is depressed between the years .2008 election, up to 70% of the island of Ma Ying-jeou's approval rating shows Taiwanese people's desire for economic growth. Ma Ying-jeou took office, on the mainland to take a relatively open policy in the long run, and the mainland to strengthen exchanges, deepen mutual trust with Taiwan had previously pursued self-identity does not contradict Chen Shui-bian came to power neglect the former, the mainland has been a strategic limited, but limited to isolated political status, economic and livelihood are deadlocked, so the future direction of cross-strait relations will inevitably focus on cooperation and self-identity with the mainland to start these two points, however, Taiwan policy depends largely on the direction of the mainland's international influence. In turn, China's development is also subject to the status quo and development trend of the Taiwan issue, which can clearly be seen from the numerous facts, of which there are two main points, one military, the second is political. Political management with wartime colors the surface, to see the Taiwan question of political influence in China as significant military field, but in fact, this effect is equally profound. one country, peaceful reunification with Taiwan is our basic principle, but we do not renounce the use of force. of historical analysis We can see that the people of Taiwan with the same root with our ancestors, so although the full reunification of the bumpy road, but there is no permanent barriers, we need to overcome the difficulties are only temporary. break the deadlock must now strengthen cross-strait various level exchanges and cooperation, it may be a win-win. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com