Analysis on the basic values of the Mao Zedong Thought

Abstract: Mao Zedong Thought, the basic values ​​of five connotation: to serve the people, seeking truth from facts, equality, solidarity, independence and hard work. Five aspects of each other, constitute a whole in-depth study and research of the basic values ​​of the Mao Zedong Thought, to lay a solid ideological foundation for the construction of socialist core values ​​and ideological resources to enrich the construction of socialist core values, is of great significance.

Keywords: Mao Zedong Thought and values ​​to serve the people seeking truth from facts of equality and mutual assistance of independence hard work

The theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the inheritance and development of Mao Zedong Thought, it is not only in view of the world on the same strain and Mao Zedong Thought is also true in terms of value. Therefore, there is no doubt that the basic values ​​of the Mao Zedong Thought, not only is the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics theoretical source of the basic values ​​of the current construction of the socialist core value system valuable ideological resources. Generally speaking, the basic values ​​of the Mao Zedong Thought, mainly reflected in the following five basic connotation:

First, serve the people

Serving the people wholeheartedly is the fundamental purpose of the Chinese Communists, the fundamental purpose of the establishment, is inseparable with Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communists and his contemporaries, can be said to serve the people wholeheartedly, both the Chinese Communists fundamental the purpose of the basic values ​​of the Mao Zedong Thought.

Mao Zedong Thought, is convinced that the majority of people, especially the working people, the main value creation, who is the main value creation and how to treat their social status, which is the fundamental problem of the value of the field of philosophy and the history of philosophy on this issue, the historical materialism completely different understanding of the doctrine and history idealism, the conclusion is quite different. founders of Marxism that the people are the subject of creating history, the masses not only the social and material and spiritual wealth creators, but also social change decisive force, the main value creation is the majority of the people rather than the elite few. compared to the founders of Marxism, Mao Zedong more emphasis on the unique people as main value creation and the creation of equality within the body., he said, "the people, the only people, are the creation of the power of the history of the world. "[1]" must understand: the masses are the real heroes, ourselves are often childish, do not understand this, you can not get a basic knowledge. "[2] Mao exploiting classes, the intellectual elite for the defense of the exploiting classes, and religious leaders are deified, "saints" and so can not be the main body to create real value, the real value creation subject can only be the majority of the people. advocating The genius' idealist exaggerated heroes in history, Mao genius by mass line, the collective wisdom. "[3], including workers, peasants and intellectuals, including the majority of the people in value creation exists only differences in the division of labor and the unequal status. especially among party cadres and ordinary people, should not have what distinction or do in Mao Zedong's view, the cadres of the party, but the masses "tool "," the masses from the practice to choose their leadership tools, their leader. election, thinking that shall not consciously work tool, and thought 'I am what figures' it would be wrong . "[4] the kind of look down on the masses, always leading cadres to" officials "itself, is hated by Mao Zedong.

Mao Zedong Thought, the value orientation of the Communists can only serve the people, there is a fundamental difference between the Communists and all the exploiting classes and the history of idealists, "our own part of the people" [5], so the communists can not have their own self-interest, must wholeheartedly service for the majority of the people. Economic, Mao Zedong advocated all proceed from the interests of the people, and serve for the benefit of the peoples. Cadres should be concerned about the life of the masses, especially in rural cadres, should pay attention to the issues of land, labor, production conditions, and even daily necessities, such as directly related to the interests of ordinary people. Politics, Mao Zedong has always been the pursuit of a class exploitation, the people are the masters of the new society system how to guard against the leadership cadres departing from the spirit of the people's democracy, and above the above the masses, Mao Zedong lifetime thinking culture, Mao Zedong advocated to establish a real "people's culture", this culture is not just a few top people patent, but belong to the common spiritual wealth of the majority of the people. "comrades should understand all the words and deeds of the Communists must be in line with the best interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, the support of the overwhelming majority of the people is the highest, he stressed standards. "[6] two" largest "evaluation criteria, and fully reflects the value of the principles of Marxism.

Second, seek truth from facts

The objective existence of things as the fundamental starting point for observation and treatment issues, this is a fundamental requirement and concrete manifestation of dialectical materialism of Marx and Engels ideological theory of the Communists, by no means based on which the world reformers invention ideas, principles based but the general expression of the true relationship between the historical activities, "No combination of these facts and the procedure to be clarified, there is no any theoretical value and actual value." [7] focus on the fact that, from the reality, in the final analysis, is to seek truth from facts and seeking truth from facts is the dialectical materialism of the concentrated expression of the basic principles and highly summarized, is the essence of Marxism. fact, the ancient Chinese philosophy and political ideology also has a pragmatic tradition of statecraft .1941 May, Mao Zedong transform our learning >> << article first of the "realism" of this ancient Chinese idiom made a new interpretation, he said: "'practical work' is the objective existence of all things, 'Yes' is the objective things, the internal contact, the regularity 'seek' We went to study ". [8] Mao Zedong epistemological principle of Marxism and traditional Chinese tradition of seeking truth from facts combine to form a new practical and realistic values ​​and practices the spirit of the the Marxist epistemological principle of Chinese, laid the basis of the party's ideological line.

Seeking truth from facts is the historical starting point of Mao Zedong Thought and the logical starting point. The Mao Zedong youth that focus on social investigation and social practice. In Changsha during the study, he had invited the students traveling thousands of miles, walk examine the the Changsha surrounding five counties. Different views of Mao Zedong the face of many students to study abroad, he thinks, of course, to study foreign, but first that China should figure out their own problems, which requires to be field investigation and research of complex situations ". [9] He later recalled his acceptance of Marxism in the process, he just Marxism as awareness The methodology of the problem ", as a guide to analyze the situation in China. because, in Marx's book on the China issue is not likely to find specific answers. [10] It is the actual strong "problem of consciousness", Mao eventually chose the scientific theory of Marxism and awareness tools, and Marxism with China's realities, the originality of the ideological and theoretical - - Mao Zedong Thought, Mao Zedong Thought is not only based on seeking truth from facts as a starting point in history, but also as a logical starting point against bookishness >> << Writing in 1930, the first philosophical works of Mao Zedong, in the text, he then ideological tendencies within the party theorists devouring the bits and pieces of Marxism and copy from the Comintern resolution indicating the huge theoretical courage "to create a new situation in the ideological line of the struggle" [11]. scientific proposition, a preliminary definition of a party the ideological line of scientific meaning that everything from the reality, rather than from books, from the subjective imagination. Mao Zedong Thought is the next logical expand, as the logical basis points this ideological line.

Seeking truth from facts is the essence of Mao Zedong Thought, from the point of view of the most important philosophical works of Mao Zedong, regardless << Oppose Book Worship >> or << On Practice >> << On Contradiction >> or << on the proper handling of the People contradictory >> << people correct ideas come from? ", through which the main line is not without practical and realistic. well known, seeking truth from facts, the mass line and the independence of Mao Zedong Thought" living soul ", these three aspects not isolated, and realistic it is linked to the three core. Firstly, the mass line is realistic and specific applications and the basic requirements of the masses is a direct participant in social practice, only the masses in order to truly understand the actual. Mao Zedong pointed out: "in all the practical work of our Party, all correct leadership must come from the masses, to the masses That is to say, the opinions of the masses (scattered and unsystematic ideas together (after research into the views of the centralized system, but also to the masses publicity explain into the views of the masses so that the masses can stick to it, seen in action, and test of these views is correct in the mass action. "[12] Secondly, independence is a realistic applications and inevitable conclusion. historical perspective independent, precisely due to to solve the problem of the Chinese revolutionary road in accordance with the principle of seeking truth from facts, the Chinese revolutionary road can only proceed from China's national conditions, take our own the road and take the actual road suitable for China.

Third, equality and mutual assistance

The establishment of a social class oppression, equality and mutual assistance between people, Mao Zedong's life fought for ideals. To achieve socialist equality and justice, Mao Zedong was the pioneering exploration and practice. At the same time, he hopes, not only should have the status equality between people, should also establish good relations of cooperation, the only way, society as a whole may reach a virtuous circle.

Equality is important Marxist political category. Marx and Engels: "all people, or at least all the citizens of a country, or all members of a society should have equal political and social status." [13] Obviously, Marxist classical writers envisioned future society is to eliminate all systems of exploitation and unequal relations of society. Since establishes belief in Marxism, Mao Zedong is equality as core values ​​of socialism to understand.

Mao Zedong Thought is great emphasis on economic equality and political equality, and as the basis of the principle of socialist equality. Mao Zedong here, economic equality embodied the production of public ownership and distribution according to work only setting up the socialist public ownership and distribution according to work principle, all the means of production, and everyone on the Equalization of Opportunities for the allocation of subsistence, to equal rights for people in the political and social lay the foundation Therefore, for the principles of socialist public ownership and distribution according to work, Mao Zedong to mention to the height of the basic principles of socialism. the production possession of inequality between people all the causes of inequality. therefore, after the completion of the land reform, the signs of polarization in the share of the land of farmers Mao Zedong put forward, only to take the road of socialist collectivization, in order to avoid farmers polarization temporary economic equality. socialist public ownership of economic equality between the protection of the people, will also be the basis to achieve common prosperity, he is convinced that: "The poor richer all farmers to be affluent and affluent extent to be much more than the wealthy farmers. "[14] established the socialist economic system, Mao Zedong is still concerned about the problem of economic equality, especially the problem of distribution according to work He believes that "distribution according to work and exchange of equal value, so that the two principles, is in the construction of the two basic principles of the socialist stage must not fail strict adherence to Marxism-Leninism." [15] political equality here in Mao Zedong manifestations of the people's democracy and against bureaucracy. Lenin said, "democracy means in the form of recognition and equal citizens, to admit that we all have equal rights to decide the national systems and the management of state." [16] and the people are the masters, achieve political equality of the majority of the people in our country the most reliable way under the guidance of Mao Zedong Thought, China established the People's Congress system, multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the regional ethnic autonomy system, headed for the realization of the people decide to provide a solid institutional foundation, but after the system has been established, whether the political equality of the majority of the people will certainly be able to get protection? Mao's view is not optimistic. Mao Zedong devoted a great deal of effort in order to prevent the rebirth of bureaucracy, he repeatedly reminded the cadres of the party, do not grow the bureaucracy do not form an aristocracy out of the people, he said: "who committed the bureaucracy, not to solve the problems of the masses, scolded masses pressure of the masses, always do not change, the masses reason to put his leather out. "[17] Of course, Mao Zedong in his later years to take the approach of" great democracy "was not successful to solve bureaucratic problems, history has proven that this method is unscientific, but Mao Zedong, the height of bureaucracy vigilance and deep thinking, it is still worth we will never forget.

Here in Mao Zedong, equality should not be just the economic sphere and the political equality in the field, but also should be equality of social fields only when the principle of equality is fully implemented in three major areas, constitutes a complete socialist equality, he thinks, "people The relationship between people and should be democracy and equality "[18], shall guarantee equal access to basic rights, efforts should be made to narrow the social differences between the workers and peasants, the urban and rural areas, mental and physical labor, should be the complete elimination of the men and women of between inequality should be firmly opposed to all the privileges of Mao Zedong, the ideal society is short, enjoy equal rights in all social relations, social status.

Seems to Mao Zedong, the people should not only achieve equality, and should establish the relationship the novel between people help each other. Essential difference between socialism and capitalism exist in the relationship between people, former emphasizes mutual cooperation and establish a harmonious relationship between people, which emphasized personal independence, eventually inevitably lead to the relationship between the people "atomized" Mao Zedong believed that socialism is the only way out, the overthrow of the old regime, the establishment of a socialist new system, "which is a great struggle, is a major change in the relationship between the social system and people." [19] such a big change, that is, from the unequal separation relationship becomes equality relationship of mutual assistance. particular, accounted for the majority of China's population of farmers, "In order to get rid of the poor, improve their lives, in order to resist the famine, and only together, to move to a socialist Avenue, in order to achieve their goals." [20] of Mao Zedong on the farmers to take the roads necessity and correctness of mutual cooperation has been evidenced by the practice of rural development in contemporary China.

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Fourth, an independent

Adhere to the independent leadership of the Chinese revolution and construction, is one of the characteristics of the Mao Zedong Thought. So-called independence, is mainly rely on their own strength to carry out the revolution and construction. Both the basic premise of the Chinese revolution and construction, but also throughout the methodological principles of Mao Zedong Thought .

Mao led the Chinese democratic revolution and the socialist revolution on the road, is a road of independence. Democratic revolution, Mao Zedong to withstand the pressure of the Comintern, pioneered the rural areas surrounding the city, the revolutionary road of armed seizure of power, subsequently, they withstood the pressure of the Soviet Union, adhere to its own way, the victory of the war and the liberation war victory of the Socialist Revolution, Mao Zedong created a suitable transformation road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and successfully achieved the victory of the Chinese revolution has proved the correctness of the principle of independence by the new democratic transition to a socialist society. Mao Zedong summed Road: "Marx was alive, not all the subsequent emergence of the problem all see, it can not at that time all of these issues to be addressed Russia's problems can only be solved by Lenin, China's problem only by the Chinese people resolve "after the establishment of the socialist system, Mao Zedong led the Chinese people to carry out an independent socialist construction after the founding of the face of the blockade of the international anti-China forces, in all aspects of economic, cultural, diplomatic facing difficult environment in which the kinds of environments, Mao Zedong: "self-reliance, fight for foreign aid, supplemented, iconoclasm independently industrial dry, dry agriculture, dry technical and cultural revolutions to overthrow slavery thinking bury dogmatism, seriously good experience learning foreign must also study the bad foreign experience - learn a lesson, this is our route. "[22] It is in this line, under the guidance of Mao Zedong began exploration on the road of building socialism of Chinese characteristics and initially built a complete and independent industrial system and national economic system in China, relying on its own strength and valuable achievements in the diplomatic Mao not only independence as a principle, the more it as a spirit of self-improvement popular language of poetry in a difficult situation, he called on: "All military and civilian, to be self-sustaining. afraid of pressure, not afraid to force are not afraid of the knife, not afraid halberd afraid of ghosts, not afraid of charm not afraid of the Emperor, not afraid of thieves odd children, such as pine and cypress . the on towering, Aoshuang, snow. "[23] Mao's call to fully inspire the national spirit.

As a politician with deep philosophical accomplishment, Mao Zedong not on independence talk of independence, but rose to the height of philosophy, the methodological principle applies to all areas of independence, not just slogans, or expedient political strategy, it is not only political principle is also applicable to all areas of philosophical principles as an important aspect of the living soul of Mao Zedong Thought, which runs through part of Mao Zedong Thought, applicable to the economic, diplomatic, cultural and other fields, has a very important methodological significance as summarizing the living soul of Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping said: "China's affairs in accordance with the situation in China to do, to rely on the strength of the Chinese people themselves to do. independence, self-reliance, both past, present and future are foothold. [24]

Fifth, hard work

Hard work, Mao Zedong and their contemporaries an important part of the reflection of the spirit of the Chinese Communists, but also the basic values ​​of the Mao Zedong Thought Mao Zedong called on the whole Party to maintain the fine style of hard struggle, life-long practice the spirit of hard work lifelong.

Mao Zedong Thought that hard work is the true nature of the Chinese Communists why the Chinese Communist Party became the ruling party from a weak party development, why can lead the Chinese people achieved another great victory, in addition to the correct theoretical guidance, the style of on the edge is very critical, as Mao Zedong said: "The hard work is our political qualities." [25] as the "nature" hard work refers to the fine style of communists. founding of the eve of victory in sight, Mao Zedong was in the plenary session of the party's seventh II warned the party must remain modest, prudent and free from arrogance and rashness in their style of work, be sure to keep the style of hard struggle .50 early, the military individual requirements to improve the treatment, that capitalists eat five bowls, the People's Liberation Army is salt water plus eat sauerkraut. Mao Zedong said, this is a good thing, "sauerkraut inside the political, on the model. [26], the so-called" political "refers exercise hard work 's style, which is a valuable quality of the Chinese Communists in an invincible position.

Mao hard work is not only a style of work, or a tradition, a belief, he said: "our nation has always been a style of hard struggle, and we want to carry forward." [27] He has repeatedly talked about how the armed forces of the Communist Party of the Long March camped, how to eat the bark leaves, he said: "This is what we done in the past, why can not do it now?" [28] Therefore, to carry forward the spirit of hard work, not only in accordance with the Chinese Communists the standard of the party members to ask themselves, is also in accordance with the standard of the inheritors and successors to the revolution of the glorious tradition of the Chinese nation to ask yourself, insist on hard work, it is to carry on the fine tradition of national traditions and revolutionary struggle is also a belief in China Communist revolutionary pioneer has been able to lifelong struggle, it is because they have a firm ideals and beliefs. In 1940, Mao Zedong wrote: "A man is not hard to do something good, difficult life doing good, do not do bad things, consistently good for the masses to benefit youth consistently Wu Yuzhang comrades 60th birthday congratulatory beneficial to the revolution, has always been hard work for decades as one day ". [29] Mao Zedong hope that the Chinese communists are such people - tireless revolutionary ideals never stops striver. they will be hard work as their own motto, as a ladder leading to a better ideal. Mao Zedong >> << Foolish Old Man's call: "We must stick to it, we must continue to work, we will be touched by God, the God other than that is full the masses of the people in China. [30]
After the founding of the PRC, Mao Zedong not only in theory stressed continue to maintain the style of hard struggle, and also implement this idea to work in practice, the early days of the republic, under the leadership of Mao Zedong, the nationwide once focused on corruption, waste and bureaucracy "Three Anti Campaign" sports detect the corrupt and guilty of corruption errors party members and cadres of 1,203,000 people [31] investigated Liu Qingshan and Zhang Zishan New China's largest corruption case since Mao Zedong passed the ideological struggle and ideological education campaign to firm style of the hard work of party cadres and the masses of the people. historical look at the mainstream of the party, led by Mao Zedong 20 years, is healthy, especially in the fifties, regardless of party style or The social atmosphere people feel "fresh and excellent" [32], it has always maintained a hard struggle, vibrant spirit.

After 30 years of reform and opening up, China has made remarkable achievements, but compared with the period of Mao Zedong, China's basic national conditions in the primary stage of socialism for a long time did not change, no change in the major social contradictions, China is the world the largest developing country's international status has not changed, therefore, the value of the hard-working spirit is not out of date, it will not be obsolete as General Secretary Hu Jintao pointed out: "The more the reform and opening up and development of the socialist market economy, the more we should carry forward the spirit of hard work, even if the future of our country developed, affluent people's lives, the spirit of hard work can not be lost. "[33]
Mao Zedong Thought the basic values ​​of the five interconnected to form a whole. Serve the people and pragmatic epitomizes the basic values ​​of Mao Zedong's philosophy is the core of the content of the basic values ​​of the Mao Zedong Thought, foundational significance of equality, solidarity and independence , hard work is largely corresponds to the Mao Zedong Thought of economic values, political values ​​and spiritual values, but mutual penetration, the mutual influence ideological basis of in-depth study and research of the basic values ​​of the Mao Zedong Thought, the solid construction of socialist core values ​​to enrich construction of socialist core values ​​ideological resources, is of great significance.

Note:
[1] << Selected Works >> (Vol. 3, People's Publishing House, 1991, Section 1031.

[2] << Selected Works >> (Vol. 3, People's Publishing House, 1991, 790 pages.

[3] << since the founding of Mao Zedong's Manuscripts >> (13 Central Literature Publishing House, 1998, 245 pages.
[4] << the Mao Zedong >> (Volume 3, People's Publishing House, 1996, 373 pages.
[5] << the Mao Zedong >> (Volume 3, People's Publishing House, 1996, page 58.
[6] << Selected Works >> (Vol. 3, People's Publishing House, 1991, Page 1096.

[7] >> << Marx and Engels, Selected Works (Volume 4), People's Publishing House, 1995, 676 pages.
[8] << Selected Works >> (Vol. 3, People's Publishing House, 1991, 801 pages.

[9] << >> of Mao Zedong early presentation, Hunan Publishing House, 1990, 474 pages.
[10] >> << Works of Mao Zedong (Volume 2, People's Publishing House, 1993, p. 379.

[11] << Selected Works of Mao Zedong "(Volume 1, People's Publishing House, 1991, 116.
[12] << Selected Works >> (Vol. 3, People's Publishing House, 1991, 899 pages.

[13] "Marx and Engels, Selected Works >> (Vol. 3, People's Publishing House, 1995, 444 pages.

[14] << Selected Works >> (Volume 5, People's Publishing House, 1977, 197 pages.
[15] << Mao Zedong's Manuscripts >> (10 since the founding of the Central Literature Publishing House, 1996, page 8.
[16] · On Socialism >> <<-Lenin thematic anthology, People's Publishing House, 2009 edition, page 40.
[17] << Selected Works of Mao Zedong "(Volume 5, People's Publishing House, 1977, 326.
[18] << Mao Zedong read cultural and historical the ancient comment is set >> Central Literature Publishing House, 1993, pp. 82-83.

[19] << the Mao Zedong >> (Volume 7, People's Publishing House, 1999, page 267-268.
[20] << the Mao Zedong >> (Volume 6, People's Publishing House, 1999, 429 pages.
[21] << Mao Zedong "(Volume 8, People's Publishing House, 1999, 5.
[22] << Works of Mao Zedong "(Volume 7, People's Publishing House, 1999, 380.
[23] "Poems of Mao Zedong set the Central Literature Publishing House, 1996, 188 pages.
[24] << Works of Deng Xiaoping >> (Volume 3, People's Publishing House, 1993, page 3.
[25] [26] << the Mao Zedong >> (Volume 7, People's Publishing House, 1999, page 162.
[27] Mao Zedong: << National Spirit Mobilization of political direction >> << new China reported >> May 10, 1939.
[28] Gu Longsheng: << Mao Zedong economic Chronicle, the CPC Central Committee Party School Press, 1993, page 385.
[29] "the Mao Zedong >> (Volume 2, People's Publishing House, 1993, page 261-262.
[30] << Selected Works >> (Vol. 3, People's Publishing House, 1991, 1102.

[31] << since the founding of an important document and Selected (3, Central Literature Publishing House, 1992, 385.
[32] Bo Yibo: REVIEW >> << certain major decisions and events (on the volume, the 2008 edition of the Communist Party of Press, 110.
[33] << since the Sixteenth Congress Selected Important Documents >> (on the books, the Central Literature Publishing House, 2005, 82.

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