Papers Category:Political Papers
- Political Philosophy Papers
Post Time:2011-11-4 22:47:00
Abstract: Mao Zedong as one of the founders of our party, was first proposed and interpretation of the meaning of Marxism in China, Marxism in China laid the foundation of the philosophy for Marxism in China made an indelible contribution to the great history. Station In the new historical starting point, we should actively promote the practice on the basis of theoretical innovation, continuously Marxism in China to push forward the great cause.
Keywords: Mao Zedong, Marxism, Chinese, historical contributions
Mao as one of the founders of our party, in Marxism in China's history, dedicated his life energy, making an indelible contribution to the great history The study of Marxism in China Mao Zedong's historical contributions, for further push forward the development of Marxism in China is important.
First, first proposed and interpretation of the meaning of Marxism in China
Marxism as a scientific world outlook and methodology, from the date of birth, has become the world proletarian liberation movement of the powerful theoretical weapon. Marxism is not a dogma or books, but the basic action guidelines. Engels said: 'If you do not materialist approach to history as a study guide, and put it as a ready-made formulas, according to it to cut a variety of historical fact, that he will be transformed into their opposites. ' with the Marxist perspective on the development, is the correct attitude towards Marxism, however, the development of Marxism in China, but the twists and turns, and we set up the party early, rigid view of the erroneous ideas of Marxism being in the mainstream position. agrarian revolution, because of inadequate understanding of Marxism thorough Moreover no large accumulation of experience, our party made many mistakes, the revolution brought to us great harm, while, represented by Mao Zedong's communists, then always proceed from reality, and always put The basic principles of Marxism with the concrete practice of China's revolutionary combination. In 1930, Mao Zedong wrote <<Oppose Book Worship, 'he stressed in the article:' We need to fight Marxist.
... ... We welcome the Marxist theory of the books is to learn, but it must be with the actual situation in China combination, we need books, but the actual situation must be corrected from the book worship. ' 111 Mao <<Oppose Book Worship>> opened the prelude of Marxism in China, Marxism in China laid the theoretical foundation .1938 in September, Mao Zedong Sixth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee first proposed the 'Marxism in China,' the major proposition, he <<On the New Stage>> plenary report stressed: 'Communists are internationalists Marxist doctrine, but Marxism and China's specific characteristics and through the combination to achieve certain national form ',' talk about Marxism from China's characteristics, but abstract, empty of Marxism, therefore, that the Marxist in China, so that in each of its manifestations with Chinese characteristics, that is, in accordance with Chinese characteristics to use it, to become party to be understood and must be addressed. ' 5,341,939 in October, Mao Zedong In <<communists Foreword>> in the proposed 'the Marxist-Leninist theory and practice of the Chinese revolution, the combination of' ideological principle, this is where the process of Marxism in China Mao Zedong first proposed the 'Marxism in China 'The major proposition is to enhance the theory of Marxism, but also a party's ideological liberation movement, for the development of Marxism in China's growth indicates the way forward.
Mao not only for the first time put forward the 'Marxism in China,' the major proposition, but also with the concrete practice of the profound interpretation of the meaning of Marxism. Mao believes that the meaning of Marxism in China should be reflected in the basic content, forms and methods to achieve, first, the basic content, Mao stressed the essence of Marxism in China is Marxism in China, specific, therefore, we must 'Specifically, the status and history of China.'  797 In Mao's view, Marxism is a scientific world outlook and methodology, we should look at the viewpoint of development of Marxism, not dogmatic. He said: 'Marxism-Leninism on the books of some individual words as ready-made panacea, once acquired, can be without effort to a cure-all, this is a childish ignorance, and we These people should make the Enlightenment. ' 820 is a true Marxist theory with practice always followed, showing form, Marxism, Mao Zedong stressed the need to nationalization, with the characteristics of the text with the national language to express , Marxism highlights the distinctive Chinese style, Chinese style. Mao Zedong pointed out: 'must be the universal truth of Marxism and the concrete practice of the Chinese revolution completely properly unified, that is, and ethnic characteristics of the combination, after a certain national form, only be useful. ' 707 Finally, implementation aspects, Mao Zedong emphasized that promoting Marxism in China, we need to firmly reject the book worship, dogmatism, emancipate the mind, to achieve the organic integration of theory and practice Mao Zedong on 'Marxism in China,' the profound interpretation, so that our party have a scientific understanding of Marxism, Marxism, but also for the further development of the country laid the cornerstone. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com
Second, Marxism in China laid the philosophical foundation of
Ai said: 'As a special case before the war, theory and practice from some of the fight against the phenomenon is universal, so that's out of the phenomenon is still largely theoretical study of the nature of restrictions in the introduction, books, popularization nature within the scope of activities. ' 55,220 in the early 1930s, precisely because of this reason, dogmatism and bookishness, subjectivism and other wrong ideas very prevalent in our party, which suffered heavy losses of our revolution, how concrete practice of China's revolutionary flexible use of the Marxist party in this period of our urgent need to address a major issue. Dialectical materialism and historical materialism, Mao Zedong standing height, from the scientific theory of Marxism why certification in China, with special emphasis we have to combine theory and practice, always adhere to the principle of proceeding from reality and resolutely oppose dogmatism book worship of the wrong ideas, which laid the foundation philosophy of Marxism in China foundation. First, Mao Chinese Marxism laid the foundation of epistemology.
Marxism must be in China, which is the essence of Marxism attributes and characteristics of the decision, but also by China's specific national conditions. Marxism as a powerful ideological and theoretical weapon of Marxist revolution in our country to play the guiding role of theory, it must be with the concrete practice of China's revolutionary combination, however, we failed to party in a long time to figure out the problem. With the continuous development of China's revolutionary practice, party leaders began to understand some of the dangers of dogmatism, not defined as 'books' or 'roads' to guide the concrete practice of China's revolution, but as to why not, but did not make a convincing scientific answer. To solve this problem, Mao has published <<Practice>> and 'On Contradiction>>, these two articles from the philosophical level of scientific proof of why it is important to Marxism in China in the <<Practice' article, Mao Zedong to understand and practice the dialectical relationship between the logical starting point, that the theory has a dependency for the practice, practice is the basis of the theory. Mao stressed: 'the standard of truth can only be a social practice. Practice is the dialectical materialist theory of knowledge of the basic ideas first.'  282 In Mao's view, is the first practice, and theory is secondary. In <<Contradiction>> a text, Mao contradiction between universality and particularity principle of the dialectical relationship between the logical starting point, scientific proof of the basic principles of Marxism with China's specific to reality, Mao stressed: 'Different mass of contradictions, only different ways to solve the quality ... ... use different methods to resolve different contradictions, which is Marxist-Leninists must strictly comply with a principle. ' 311 He pointed out that Marxism China's actual use, must be connected with the concrete practice of China's revolutionary combination of Mao Zedong from the theory and practice, character and personality of both scientific proof why Marxism with China's concrete practice of the problem so that the philosophy of Mao Zedong from the highly Why is scientific proof of Marxism must be Chinese, Chinese Marxism laid the foundation of epistemology.
Second, Mao Mao Chinese Marxism laid the ideological line of Marxism in China is not only the epistemological problem, but also the ideological line of the problem. Mao is not only opposed to dogmatism and book worship, and actively carry out social research, which laid the foundation ideological line. Mao Zedong <<transform our learning>> in a realistic interpretation of the meaning of science, he stressed: 'The facts is the objective existence of all things, is the internal contact is the objective reality, that regularity, is seeking We are to study and we want home and abroad, outside the province, county and outside the district and outside of the actual situation, from which leads to its inherent regularity rather than imaginary, that is to find things around the internal links, as the guide to action. ' 801 In Mao's view, to find the objective existence of things within the law, carry out social research is very necessary, and only the basic principles of Marxism under the guidance of conscientious social science research, in order to achieve our revolution Finally, the success of Mao Zedong on the basis of the social survey, wrote <<report Peasant Movement in Hunan>> and later wrote 'Oppose Book Worship>> call to arms in this crusade against dogmatism Mao Zedong made in the text' No investigation, no right to speak ',' investigation is to solve the problem 'and many other well-known thesis of science to extract the ideological line of seeking truth from facts. Since then, Mao Zedong and have written a <<rectify the party's work style, '<<Oppose Stereotyped Party Writing>> other well-known article, from the theory to further explain the ideological line of seeking truth from facts. At this point, Mao Chinese Marxism laid the ideological line that realistic it with Marxism in China together constitute the epistemological foundations of the Marxist philosophy in China roots. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com
In short, Mao Zedong was first proposed and interpretation of the meaning of Marxism in China, Marxism in China laid the foundation of philosophy, Marxism in China by Mao Zedong made an indelible contribution to the great history. At a new historical starting point, we In practice, the basis should actively promote theoretical innovation, continuously Marxism in China to push forward the great cause.
References:  Marx and Engels, Selected Works: Volume 4 [M].
Beijing: People's Publishing House, 1995:688.  Mao Zedong, Selected Works: Volume 1 [M].
Beijing: People's Publishing House, 1991.  Mao Zedong, Selected Works: Volume 2 [M].
Beijing: People's Publishing House, 1991.  Mao Zedong, Selected Works: Volume 3 [M].
Beijing: People's Publishing House, 1991. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com