On the new social stratum Deliberative Political Participation

Abstract new social class in politics because of its ability and willingness to participate in politics, compared with the existing social classes in a relatively unfavorable position, while the new social strata in political participation fairness of the system, compared with the traditional social classes there are also institutional imbalance. Consultative political participation patterns made, one of China's socialist political civilization and the rule of law and civilized inevitable requirement, on the other hand, for the rule of law and building a socialist society, and promote class harmony of great significance.

Paper Keywords new social stratum Civilization consultative political participation

The emergence of new social strata of society in the development process can not be avoided social phenomenon. How to achieve social solidarity, concern mobility between different hierarchical relations and cooperation between the hierarchy problem is to build a new social class basis of harmonious political participation. Currently, the social basis of socialist democratic politics from the original workers, peasants, intellectuals and other traditional areas of social division of labor gradually moving towards a pluralistic society, from political and legal point of view the theory of social stratification and social mobility for reflection, for the building of socialism Politics and Civilization of great guiding significance. The main problem trying to negotiate the new social strata of political participation be considered.

A new social class characteristics

New social strata in the general sense of social sciences as a neutral word, it does not mean merely that social class in terms of social development is entirely beneficial, but the presence of different levels of reality is bound to affect the form of social processes. At this point, regardless of any society, social stratification and the relationships between politics and the rule of law for the regulation will have varying degrees of impact. But for any class, there is a benefit considerations and class consciousness of the curing process. At the same time, this process is a dynamic, evolving process. Therefore, the 'social class analysis without class consciousness, the subconscious always put the community is divided into different levels, and adapt their induction in which to form a self-standing perception and class consciousness class consciousness is the individual's social inequality and its own in which the subjective understanding of social status. 'In this case, the new social strata of social reality visits can be resource-based to examine, through class consciousness to refine.

(A) inspect the new social strata classification as a social resource analyzed from different angles, such as personal resources and social resources, economic, political and social resources of the classification. In a hierarchical differentiation, an important research orientation that is properly established classification criteria. According to the classification of Weberian, people either in vocational orientation for new social strata to be classified, the level of market resources can also be classified. In the industrial society, occupational classification in people's social segmentation increasingly occupies an important position. If you follow the market to analyze the level of resources it takes, you can get the appropriate classification of the new social strata. In most social stratification, combine the two in order to more effectively understand emerging social strata of the status quo.

Generally speaking, Chinese scholars emerging social strata can be divided into five categories, can be said to be a comprehensive classification. It takes into account the occupational factors, while taking into account the degree of social resource sharing. His analysis, including private entrepreneurs, migrant workers class, laid-off workers, self-employed and entrepreneurial class. However, according to more basic categories, you can put through the five levels of the possession of social resources, social resources, the ability to control further divided into two basic categories. That is, as the representative of private business owners and entrepreneurs the advantage of class and migrant workers, represented by the disadvantages of class. This classification is based on the different characteristics of the emerging social class classification carried out. Both with respect to the traditional hierarchy, in the institutional demand, strength, and willingness to participate in capacity relative terms, is still in a weak position.

It should be emphasized that, in real life, the new social strata control of social resources is not necessarily worse than the traditional sectors and, more important reason is that they participate in political decision-making capacity can not effectively established. The existence of a new social class itself is also an important reason for causing social inequality. However, when the system needs are not effectively meet their real needs when they are still in the system supply in an unequal position. Need for government decision-making bodies and thus balanced relationship between the two.

Therefore, in these five categories on the basis of social class, put them in the private sector is further divided into the main comparative advantages represented class and migrant workers, represented by the relative disadvantage class more desirable. The reason is that their participation in the political objectives, methods, and government decision-making and participation in the national system is established tendencies there are differences. To migrant workers, represented by the lower strata, is in the ability of political participation is not only the needs and interests of both the resources also exist to obtain the level of demand. For a comparative advantage in terms of private entrepreneurs, they are to meet the most basic needs based on political needs. Their own abilities, desires, goals, and government regulation of social justice there are differences between the objectives.

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(two) new social class consciousness and class politics willingness analyze new social class self-awareness means that the social class of their own individual property level of acceptance. Only class identity formation, social class individuals will have a sense of belonging, but also means the generation of collective identity. Social class members can effectively their social status, social ability and willingness to have a strong institutional demand. Only in this way in order to have a clear goal, the way in political participation, approaches, on an objective level of self-judgment. When the original design of the system can not meet their needs, they will be through a variety of ways to compensate for their own needs, or through the existing system or to make use of non-institutionalized way to achieve their goals.

New social strata in the interest of seeking social needs of the subject itself, based on the positive desire of political identity and identity attribution. Traditional social strata to participate in the political process of a set of patterns are changing, the new political participation becomes necessary. Due to different social strata in which the political status, economic environment, cultural heritage and educational background differences, the intensity of their political participation is also a huge difference. Different political capacity to participate in the political measures are also different. New social stratum of the traditional political participation is its use of resources to play its own social influence basic way. As members of society in all walks of life are subject to the legitimate demands of the system once the limitations of the model, it will not conducive to social development in various behavioral patterns of expression, along with the increase in social problems, calling for political participation system model of innovation and reform , also asked the government administrative capacity and governance capabilities.

For owners of private enterprises, represented by class, scholar Liu Yong in 2005 cotton Jiangxi private survey data as a basis for owners of private enterprises in Jiangxi respondents conducted a preliminary political participation and systematic empirical analysis. In a hierarchical identity aspects, on 142 were surveyed, of which 26.8% of the fully agrees that 48.6% of people basically agree. Political participation, that is not joined the Chinese Communist Party 92 business owners surveyed, 77.2% of people said that wish to join the Chinese Communist Party. Surveyed business owners in a variety of social organizations primarily involved in the survey, respondents most business owners to participate in their own organizations as - Private Association of Industry and Commerce and the participation rate was 34.5 percent, respectively, and 45.1%. As can be seen from the above survey, this class of self-identity and willingness to participate in politics quite intense.

For migrant workers, represented by the social class, on their ability to participate in politics and in the private sector as the main representative of different social strata. Because of their ability to control social resources is weak, they exist in the identity of double standards on the one hand, farmers identity itself is a kind of recognition. On the other hand, their environment is not purely peasant identity. In a hierarchical agree there is still a conflict. Also, they have the ability to participate in political decision-making great extent. The reason decided that they needed in all aspects of collective ownership on repositioning. They both away from the traditional political participation, and political participation channels not sufficiently to meet their willingness to participate.

Based on the above analysis, although some emerging social strata on the socio-economic status vary greatly, but they are often looking for ways of political participation. On comparative advantage to the private sector as representative of the class, they are able to take full advantage of the currently active participation of the various resources to achieve goals. But still insufficient. For migrant workers class, they rely on the traditional way of petition to express their participation goals, or through traditional grassroots democratic means to achieve its goals. But these two aspects in our current legal system and policy-making process, the Peasant Workers participation, ability and enthusiasm to participate with many deficiencies. Therefore, to promote democracy and political participation emerging social strata of institutional building is imperative.

Second, the new social strata consultative analysis of political participation

As can be seen, according to the emerging social class ability and level of political participation in the different levels of political participation and the way their nature have a great relationship with their class. But based on the rule of law and civilization, political civilization and the involvement of the path, the new social strata While identity and ability to participate on exhibit different characteristics, but for the establishment of the rule of law based on the behavior of political participation should be an efficient, scientific, democratic and fair participation model. To this end, according to the Chinese characteristic socialist democratic political consultation to establish a new social class on participation in the democratic political construction orderly negotiated solution for the purpose of promoting the continuous development of democratic political participation. Consultative political participation is important for our purposes.

First, consultative politics is my political characteristics. Political consultation system with Chinese social structure closely political structure of Chinese society from the early days of the new democratic transition to socialism, the Chinese political consultation system includes also changed in the new era of reform and opening up, the connotation of political consultations with the social changes in the structure and constantly updated. Political consultations with the party system is also a natural fit together, so it's development is a manifestation of political civilization and progress. It is foreseeable that the Chinese Communist Party-led multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the new conditions, the new situation can be further absorbed wider social strata. Negotiated political ideas put forward is to ensure each new social strata on the basis of the fundamental rights of political consultation, it reflects the diversified development of social cooperation between the various social classes and Game.

Again, consultative politics is a harmonious society development concept. Concept of harmonious society constitutes another political consultations value characteristics. Speaking from the value orientation, consultative political participation in solving contradictions among the people, particularly the issue of class immeasurable political significance. Concept of harmonious society the traditional Chinese political culture and socialist political culture come together. Concept of harmony can be said that the political culture of contemporary Chinese society fit. Chinese culture focus on people, man and society, man and nature in harmony. Each is different, symbiotic participation, the formation of the world isolated is the cultural background of political consultation and spiritual resources.

Finally, the negotiation of political participation with the rule of law is the indivisible unity. How out an effective consultative political participation model, the concept of the rule of law requirements, the legal validity of the consultation provides a proven solution that neutrality for all levels of society to provide a consultation platform. Another advantage is that it allows access to the proceedings of the social individual or social organizations to find conflicting ideas contradictory solutions. The importance of the rule of law itself, but also that it can be prudent for the parties on the proposed timing requirements, exclude the possibility of the existence of non-rational cognitive component, so that the new social class contradictions that exist between different reach a rational solution. Deliberative democracy can promote the legalization decision. Formed through public consultation in decision-making can be universal adherence to the participants. Meanwhile, the government can control the behavior of deliberative democracy discretion. Only for discussing public administration and decision-making, in order to openness, equality and inclusiveness maximize all policy consultation participant has identified the problem, citing evidence and forming an equal opportunity agenda, the negotiation process can accommodate a variety of different interests, positions and values.

Based on the above analysis, the negotiation for a new class of political participation, social participation has laid a sound political and legal foundation. For the rapid development of new social classes and problem solving provide a useful institutional programs. Of course, how to fully mobilize the political awareness of the new social strata, how to provide an institutional guarantee the construction of the rule of law is still harmonious development of different sectors of society important task.

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