Papers Category:Political Papers
- Nationalism Papers
Post Time:2011-11-3 16:57:00
Bartok is a 20th century Hungarian composer, pianist, ethnic musicologist, one of the pioneers of modern music, he and other countries of the Hungarian folk music as a material, and since the 20th century the use of a variety of modern composition techniques to create their own works, with a strong national identity and contemporary, creating a new nationalism in the 20th century musical styles.
Bartok was born in March 1881 the old Hungary, six years old under the guidance of her mother began studying piano, and later studied piano and harmony with Laszlo. After graduating from high school, Bartok entered the Royal Conservatory of Music in Budapest music by studying his Wagner, Richard Strauss and Liszt's influence which, due to the impact of Liszt, that he determined to walk a new path of nationalist music.
After graduation, Bartok found in the past been mistaken for many Hungarian folk tunes, in fact, only some of the widely spread, and Liszt, Brahms has been romanticized tunes. Thus, from 1905, he began with Kodaly together to collect and study folk music material he used to find a folk music material, but also use all kinds of modern composition techniques to create the new nationalism of the road music.
Bartok's music, mainly in instrumental terms, in addition to an opera, two ballets and a chorus and a small number of art songs and folk songs adapted sets, he is the author of most of the instrumental works almost his new nationalism, the creation of the road music can be divided into three periods. The first period (1899-1907 years): this period is his Royal Conservatory of Music in Budapest and just graduated a few years.
Representative works of this period symphonic poem <<Kossuth>>.
The second period (1908-1919 years): During this period, he has collected, analyzed a large number of folk songs, and creative in their extensive use of these materials. Representative of this period are: <<rough Allegro> > <<dedicated to the children>> <<fifteen Hungarian peasant songs>> Opera <<Duke Bluebeard's Castle>>, ballet <<Wood Prince>> <<magic full adult>>.
The third period (1920-1945 years): This is a time period of Bartok's mature style, developed their own unique nationalization, modern music styles, creations of this period is more abundant. Representative works <<Dance Suite>> <<small universe>> <<for strings, percussion and steel piano and write music>> 'Piano Concerto>> <<Philharmonic Concerto>> and other representative works. Bartok's music, from folk material, he will tie himself in the folk music of the deep-rooted music.
Bartok continued deep into the life of rural Hungary to collect folk songs and these songs are inexhaustible in his creative career, inexhaustible source of these folk as he created the material and the starting point to explore a unique new way nationalist music.
His kind of music style, in his early works is the performance of folk songs of simple processing and adaptation, including a Piano <<dedicated to the children>> <<Hungarian folk song, '<<fifteen Hungarian peasant songs>> <<Romanian folk dance>> etc. to 1919 years ago, he was in the processing and adaptation of these farmers pay more attention to outstanding personal music style, originality and artistic skills of perfection and modernity, showing him mature musical style. This time, Bartok has been able to work freely in their use of modal folk music, melody and rhythm, and will integrate these materials, woven together, to explore a new creative way This period of representative works are orchestral <<Dance Suite>> <<small universe>> <<for strings, percussion and steel piano and write music>> and so on. Bartok In this work, successfully use of his collection, finishing off around the folk music of the melody and rhythm, their mastery, re-creation, and all these folk music of rich material and exquisite originality of his artistic skills together skillfully, vividly demonstrated a folk festival in the countries in the jubilant scenes.
The use of the modal, five-tone style Hungarian folk music is the most primitive form of expression, in Bartok's work occupies a prominent position, such as the <<dedicated to the children>> album of them, many have come to the melody of the material Since the folk song. Some melody is used Pentatonic Pentatonic based or six or seven-tone style sound. Bartok see these melodies characteristic of modal scales, he did not constitute in these folk songs melody on the size of the transfer function of the traditional mechanically sound through his in-depth mining of these folk melodies and sound included in its own content, a lot of use of a variety of innovative, modern sound practices, and make melody with those obtained good Unlike the traditional sound of his efforts to explore some medieval modal melodies, pentatonic melody style to adapt, both to highlight the harmony nationalization but also reflects the characteristics of 20th century modern art style effect. Comprehensive modal and multi-modal system is the Bartok important structural features.
Modal comprehensive means two or more similar or different types of modal music landscape in the comprehensive campaign, focusing on the performance of melodic patterns on diversity such as 'dedicated to the children>> song set is the most typical use of modal synthesis, including homonyms columns modal synthesis and integrated with the main tone in two ways. homonyms column modal integrated in this work there are two cases: one case is ongoing in the melody, to emphasize a different vocalist. The second situation is different with the melody with modal harmonies configured to form a vertical modal synthesis. Share in free download http://eng.hi138.com Among the works of Bartok's music, there are many horizontal lines of the song contains elements of polytonality.
Its main manifestations are: the melody lines are often part of the tune, but the tone of these local has been assembled in the whole of the first works in the formation of polytonality. Bartok not only the horizontal lines in his work for the use of multi-tonal music, thinking, in vertical relationships, he also uses a multi-tone overlay means. For example, <<small universe>> This piano music in the vertical concentration of voices, combined with the existence of a variety of different tonal overlays and contrast addition of a single horizontal line can also adjust the vertical relationship of the formation of different configuration of harmonic sound .
Bartok's melodic folk songs around a lot of material comes from, so the melody sounds like a lot have the characteristics of folk style, but he was not of the folk melodies throughout copied, but to break them, processing, re-creation He is often the use of a folk melody as two short motives evolved at great length his exquisite melodies. If we simply constitute the melody of the modal point of view there are many two-tone, multi-modal situation.
Folk melodies which appear more tuning is basically a different tuning of multiple tones at the same vocalist on the turn in the melody idea, Bartok found in the folk music of this principle in the Hungarian folk songs he collected, there are many more obvious than the single-voice modal melody. In addition, Bartok often he had natural sound system tuning and melody , add some special change in tone to form chromatic tones so that they form a so-called modal sound-level expansion of these modal sound-level expansion is generally often in a very narrow natural tone intervals within the fill of some of the change in tone These are Bartok's unique tuning method of thinking and the idea of ??melody.
Sound and color from the perspective of harmony, Bartok and his past, classical and romantic works of different musicians, his music always sound characterized by a high degree of non-union of these unique sound source, is because of his work using a variety of modern sound techniques, such as non-use of three superimposed chords, including four or five degrees stacked chords, etc. The use of additional sound chords. Bator grams of original size of the tonic triad with the use would be junior chord triads stacked together with the small, it is Bartok chord structure of a specific form and this mainly for the same chord at the same time has a tonic major third, minor third interval between two kinds of sound effects and his formation of such a chord structure from 'double modal' in principle if the size of the transfer will be superimposed with the tonic, then you can come to such a contains dual three-tone chords. very sound use of chords. the complexity of sound cadence in termination of Bartok's music style has some non-traditional, non-functional, not to size of the triad-based the use of close-harmony.
Bartok's music style of the new nationalism in Western Europe did not abandon the classical modal music creation system, most still use the traditional style to create works of tone he uses authentic Hungarian folk music and other countries as a material, and Since the 20th century, the use of a variety of modern composition techniques to create their own works, and contemporary with a strong national character, he firmly taproot in folk music tradition, starting from the pentatonic scale, reach the half-tone system, he's such a new nationalist style of music should learn from our musicians. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com