Abstract: founding of New China, the party and the government in college established the guiding position of Marxism, Marxist education platform established through the creation of the ideological and political theory courses strengthen the construction of Marxist theory course materials, training a new type of Marxism to lay a solid ideological and theoretical education teachers, general educators to carry out the idea of learning-focused reform movement, and a series of measures to advance the work, both red and expert training for the new China, the all-round development of new intellectuals ideological foundation for the Popularization of Marxism in the college's practice has accumulated a wealth of experience.
Keywords:: the early days of the founding of New China, the guiding position of Marxism colleges
Colleges and universities is a national high-level personnel training, scientific research, cultural heritage an important base for innovation, higher education is related to national development and the nation's future. Therefore, the founding of New China, the party and the government in the universities universal Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought education, established the guiding status of Marxism in colleges and universities. This is the meaning of the title in the transformation of the old education, the construction of a new education is an important part of the construction of the mainstream ideology of Marxism Popularization practice in college. then, the party and The Government has taken a series of measures to advance the work, both red and expert, comprehensive development of the new intellectuals to lay a solid ideological foundation for the new Chinese culture to systematically analyze and study the historical process, the ideological and theoretical construction of today's colleges and universities still has an important role in enlightening.
The creation of the ideological and political theory courses, establishment of Marxist education platform
September 29, 1949, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) first plenary session of the Common Programme and promulgated << >> proposed direction of the development of education in New China, pointed out: "the new democratic cultural education in the People's Republic of China , that the nation's scientific and cultural education of the public. cultural and educational work of the People's Government, should be thought to raise the cultural level of the people and culture of nation-building talents, to eliminate feudal, comprador, fascism thinking, developed to serve the people as the main task.  is to transform the old education, to create a new education, the people's government to take over, to receive public and private colleges and universities, to repeal the original fascist discipline system, spy domination and reactionary political education, the abolition of the "KMT reactionary the party justice "," citizen "," military training "courses. emphasis on Marxist ideological education of college teachers and students, the party's fine tradition founded as early as in Soviet Central Bureau Marxist school of communism, the Yan'an Kang Da, Shaanxi North Public School are now offering the basic theory of Marxism-Leninism and the party's basic policy knowledge courses. early days of New China, the creation of the Marxist-Leninist political theory courses in colleges and universities, it became important measures to transform the old university, the construction of the new University.
In the first half of 1949, Yenching University automatically Tim set up a democratic economic problems, the basic problems of Marxism-Leninism, social history, the history of philosophy, the Communist Manifesto and co-PARTY new lesson .1949 October, North China People's Government Commission on Higher Education issued a << universities, the Interim Provisions of the College of Arts and Law faculties courses >> "repeal reactionary courses the (KMT Party righteousness, Six Laws" Marxism-Leninism "Tim set course, gradually transforming course "for the implementation of the principle of the faculties and courses, dialectical materialism and historical materialism (including a brief history of social development, the New Democracy (including the revolutionary movement in modern Chinese history and political economy for the College of Liberal Arts and the School of Law also provides that common required courses, two each University College faculties common compulsory. regulations also require the guidance of Marxism on the Arts and Law Department of literature, philosophy, history, education, economic, political, legal, and other seven subjects to transform various disciplines add many disciplines related Marxist theory and methods courses, this new democratic, scientific, public, anti-imperialist and anti-feudal culture, viewpoints and methods of Marxism-Leninism, instead reactionary Kuomintang rule, full of idealism and mechanical theory, as well as significant measures of the feudal, comprador, fascism reactionary course. "
November 17, 1949, the newly established Central People's Government Ministry of Education was held in Beijing in North China and the Beijing-Tianjin 19 universities responsible for meeting to discuss the transformation of higher education policy, explicitly pointed out: the central link in the current curriculum reform strengthen political lesson to learn. established the important position of political theory courses in higher education in New China.