How the founding of New China Marxism into the university

Abstract: founding of New China, the party and the government in college established the guiding position of Marxism, Marxist education platform established through the creation of the ideological and political theory courses strengthen the construction of Marxist theory course materials, training a new type of Marxism to lay a solid ideological and theoretical education teachers, general educators to carry out the idea of ​​learning-focused reform movement, and a series of measures to advance the work, both red and expert training for the new China, the all-round development of new intellectuals ideological foundation for the Popularization of Marxism in the college's practice has accumulated a wealth of experience.

Keywords:: the early days of the founding of New China, the guiding position of Marxism colleges

Colleges and universities is a national high-level personnel training, scientific research, cultural heritage an important base for innovation, higher education is related to national development and the nation's future. Therefore, the founding of New China, the party and the government in the universities universal Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought education, established the guiding status of Marxism in colleges and universities. This is the meaning of the title in the transformation of the old education, the construction of a new education is an important part of the construction of the mainstream ideology of Marxism Popularization practice in college. then, the party and The Government has taken a series of measures to advance the work, both red and expert, comprehensive development of the new intellectuals to lay a solid ideological foundation for the new Chinese culture to systematically analyze and study the historical process, the ideological and theoretical construction of today's colleges and universities still has an important role in enlightening.

The creation of the ideological and political theory courses, establishment of Marxist education platform

September 29, 1949, the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) first plenary session of the Common Programme and promulgated << >> proposed direction of the development of education in New China, pointed out: "the new democratic cultural education in the People's Republic of China , that the nation's scientific and cultural education of the public. cultural and educational work of the People's Government, should be thought to raise the cultural level of the people and culture of nation-building talents, to eliminate feudal, comprador, fascism thinking, developed to serve the people as the main task. [1] is to transform the old education, to create a new education, the people's government to take over, to receive public and private colleges and universities, to repeal the original fascist discipline system, spy domination and reactionary political education, the abolition of the "KMT reactionary the party justice "," citizen "," military training "courses. emphasis on Marxist ideological education of college teachers and students, the party's fine tradition founded as early as in Soviet Central Bureau Marxist school of communism, the Yan'an Kang Da, Shaanxi North Public School are now offering the basic theory of Marxism-Leninism and the party's basic policy knowledge courses. early days of New China, the creation of the Marxist-Leninist political theory courses in colleges and universities, it became important measures to transform the old university, the construction of the new University.

In the first half of 1949, Yenching University automatically Tim set up a democratic economic problems, the basic problems of Marxism-Leninism, social history, the history of philosophy, the Communist Manifesto and co-PARTY new lesson .1949 October, North China People's Government Commission on Higher Education issued a << universities, the Interim Provisions of the College of Arts and Law faculties courses >> "repeal reactionary courses the (KMT Party righteousness, Six Laws" Marxism-Leninism "Tim set course, gradually transforming course "for the implementation of the principle of the faculties and courses, dialectical materialism and historical materialism (including a brief history of social development, the New Democracy (including the revolutionary movement in modern Chinese history and political economy for the College of Liberal Arts and the School of Law also provides that common required courses, two each University College faculties common compulsory. regulations also require the guidance of Marxism on the Arts and Law Department of literature, philosophy, history, education, economic, political, legal, and other seven subjects to transform various disciplines add many disciplines related Marxist theory and methods courses, this new democratic, scientific, public, anti-imperialist and anti-feudal culture, viewpoints and methods of Marxism-Leninism, instead reactionary Kuomintang rule, full of idealism and mechanical theory, as well as significant measures of the feudal, comprador, fascism reactionary course. "[2]
November 17, 1949, the newly established Central People's Government Ministry of Education was held in Beijing in North China and the Beijing-Tianjin 19 universities responsible for meeting to discuss the transformation of higher education policy, explicitly pointed out: the central link in the current curriculum reform strengthen political lesson to learn. established the important position of political theory courses in higher education in New China.

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1949 and June 1950, convened the first National Education Conference and the First National Conference on Higher Education to emphasize again that our education should cultivating new intellectuals as building new backbone of our country, the political education of colleges and universities to carry out the revolution, to eliminate feudal, comprador and fascist ideology, and the development of serving the people thought. adopted at the meeting by the Ministry of Education on August 14, 1950 promulgated regulations nature file temporary regulations >> << colleges, the student revolution of political and ideological education as institutions of higher learning task. church school is no exception on August 19, 1950 by the CPC Central Committee in << >> Catholic, Christian issues instructions clearly states: Church schools should comply with a government decree set the political class as a required course. before May 19, issued by the Ministry of Education after the approval of the Government Administration Council education committee << Beijing Normal Statutes of the University >> require 15% of the full course of the political classes account for about undergraduate faculties. while emphasizing the cultural and business class should also implement the revolution's ideological and political education, and focus on linking theory with practice. [3] These provisions The ideological and political education as a college education, and the legal system.

In June 1951, the Ministry of Education held a college curriculum reform discussion for error that existed at that time, "the opposition political classes and business classes" and that "only political lesson for ideological and political education" or one-sided view, to further clarify relationship between the political classes and business classes, stressed that the political class is the basic course of the faculties Branch to focus on theoretical knowledge taught .9 10 January, the Ministry of Education on political lesson to all colleges and universities of the North China issued instructions: ( each department to develop teaching plans, the ideological and political course should be as important part of the business class, the abolition of the "political class" name will be changed << >> << social development history of dialectical materialism and historical materialism >> << >> << Political Economy of the New Democracy >> same as independent subjects, and "should be the three subjects unified plan with other business subjects." (the two "political Teaching Committee changed each of the courses of teaching and research guidance group, by the provost is responsible for planning, organization, supervision and inspection. "Since then, in our universities, the doors of the Marxist-Leninist political theory courses included in the teaching plan, into each department, public courses for professional students .

Conscientiously sum up the past three years, the basic Marxist theory class experience in building the foundation, on October 7, 1952, the Ministry of Education issued a << >> on the instructions of the National College of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought courses specified Ideological Theory Course curriculum gate count, the order of hours its taught so far, the college opened Marxist-Leninist political theory courses remained broadly followed this system, just the name has changed with the end of the year, formulated by the Ministry of Education, Chinese Language and Literature, edit four-year history, three liberal arts majors teaching plan (draft, the basis of Marxism-Leninism, New Democracy, Political Economy, dialectical materialism and historical materialism, four political theory courses, main courses for professional 480 hours total lesson. [4] November 27, 1953, drawn up by the Ministry of Higher Education << colleges and universities >> Graduate Students Interim Measures (draft), the theory of Marxism-Leninism in the teaching program.

Above that of the university Marxist-Leninist political theory courses set according to Marxism three part of Marxism in China - Mao Zedong Thought, and be adjusted with changes in the political and economic situation at home and abroad and to develop. Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought courses as public courses included in the teaching program to become a college "often the most basic form of the system of political education and fundamental method [5] new China train themselves intellectuals outset received system of education in Marxist theory the same time, the transformation of the old liberal arts to Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought as the guide, pay attention to the ideas and methods of use of dialectical materialism and historical materialism, to build Marxist system of humanities and social sciences, to achieve scientific historical perspective, the study and interpretation of the historical, economic, political and international affairs "Links to free papers Download Center

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