Papers Category:Political Papers
- Marxism Papers
Post Time:2012-12-29 9:43:00
Expounded by Marx in the Communist Manifesto >>, << principle:
A social class structure and history of the class struggle 1, "since all social history is the history of class struggle.
" Freemen and slaves, nobles and civilians, lord and serf, guild master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in opposition to one another status constantly, sometimes hidden and sometimes open fight, and each time the outcome is society as a whole by the revolutionary transformation or struggle ruin of the contending classes. "35
Capital to establish the nature of the world market and the global expansion of capital is the pursuit of the interests of profit maximization is its inherent power.
"Need to continue to expand the marketability of the product, driven bourgeois running around the world, it must nestle everywhere, settle everywhere to develop, establish connexions everywhere" on page 38 of the demise of the bourgeoisie and the victory of the proletariat: the contradictory movement of the productive forces and relations of production, capital maximize 'to promote the development of productive forces, polarization led to the economic crisis, which is the nature of the capital, which led to the demise of capitalism, the role of the law of value, large-scale socialized production and profits of production, the contradiction between the private possession → ways: expansion of the market, the technology improves, the cost of production is low, the scale of production (economies of scale and economies of scale), and low cost of production → wages of the workers, the exploitation of workers ← Abolition of private property, destroy capitalism.
Interpretation: of social capital polarization: monopoly capital, private capital, eighteen concern "fair", housing prices, real estate, Hong Kong way is to buy a house for three years within the transaction, the value-added within five years, 80% of the value-added to pay tax. Socialism eventually triumph over capitalism is driven by the nature of capital. The demise of the bourgeoisie and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable. Why communism must be achieved by the proletariat? This is the status and nature of the proletariat, advanced proposed. Abolition of private property "communists theory can be summed up as one sentence: Abolition of private property.
" 48 private ownership is to generate the root of many social problems.
4, the proletarian revolution and the dictatorship of the requirements of the mission 5, the proletariat is to achieve the mission of the fundamental forces.
Second, economic globalization
<< Communist Manifesto >> explained in the first chapter << bourgeois and proletarians >> of the capitalist economy brought about by the development of economic globalization, the process of economic globalization, push forward the development of the history of the world, to promote throughout the world the progress of civilization, and expounded capitalism in the development of their own at the same time, the process of exploitation and oppression of the proletariat, the slave world other nationalities also created a destroy their class forces --- the proletariat, << Declaration >> pointed bourgeois the demise of the victory of the proletariat is inevitable.
(1 external reasons: geographical discovery, the discovery of the New World, the new route, and promote the development of the history of the world, the interests of capital chasing maximize promote its development.
"The discovery of America, sailing around Africa, to the emerging bourgeoisie has opened up new horizons, East Indian and Chinese markets, the colonization of the Americas, colonial trade, a means of exchange and the increase of all commodities, commercial, maritime industry and industry than ever before, making revolutionary factor in the rapid development of internal collapse of the feudal society. "
(2 internal reason:
① the establishment of the capitalist mode of production, the nature of capital chasing its own profit maximization, need to continue to expand the market. "Expanding product sales needs, driven by bourgeois running around the world it must nestle everywhere, settle everywhere developers everywhere establish contact. "bourgeois, due to the exploitation of the world market, so that the production and consumption of all countries have become the world." 38 (2) science and technology development. "bourgeoisie, due to the rapid improvement of all instruments of production, all nations, even the most barbarian, nations are due to the traffic of its convenience Volume in civilization. "39" large industrial world market prepared by the discovery of the Americas world market commercial, maritime industry and land transport has been tremendous development This development, in turn, promote the expansion of the industrial bourgeoisie also get the same degree of development, to increase their own capital the medieval legacy class squeezed into the back. "36 page
2, the globalization of the performance:
(1) from the economic point of view, "the marketability of the product needs to continue to expand, driven by bourgeois running around the world it must nestle everywhere, settle everywhere to develop, establish connexions everywhere." "Bourgeois, due to the exploitation of the world market, the production and consumption of all countries of the world. "38 (2 from an economic point of view, in the final analysis, are the pursuit of profit.
"These industrial processing, not the local raw material, but raw material drawn from the remotest regions, their products not only for their own consumption, but at the same time for consumption around the world. "on page 39 (3 cultural performance.
"Material production is so, the same is true of the spirit of the production. Spiritual products of the various ethnic groups became common property. Sidedness and limitations of the various ethnic groups are increasingly becoming possible, so many ethnic groups and local ethnic literatures, there arises a world literature. " (4 political performance.
"Bourgeoisie keeps more to eliminate the production, property and the dispersed state of the population. Dense population up, the production together, property agglomeration in the hands of a few people thus inevitable result is the concentration of political the various independent almost only alliance relationship, different interests, different laws, different government, different tariffs in all regions, has now been combined into a unified government, a unified legal unified nation, unified national class interests and uniform tariff. "39 Links to free papers Download Center http://eng.hi138.com
3, the role of the concentration of capital" (1 positive role ① collapse of all remnants of feudalism.
"Bourgeois where it has been made a rule to all feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations have been destroyed." 37 (2) capital to promote human productivity pole big raise. "bourgeoisie has disclosed how, in the Middle Ages, which reactionaries commendable that the brutal use of manpower, in extreme laziness as the appropriate add it first proved human activities can achieve what achievements. create a miracle, it is completely different from the Egyptian pyramids, Roman aqueducts, and Gothic church completed completely different from the great national migration and Crusaders crusade expedition. "38" bourgeois in it for less than a hundred years of class productivity created by the ruling class, even more than all the times in the past to create the all productivity even more significant. conquer the forces of nature, the use of the machine, the passage of the chemical in the industrial and agricultural applications, steamship travel, railway, telegraph use, the reclamation of the entire continent as a whole, the navigation of the river, put the Buddha by magic from the low calling a lot of people. "40 ③ capital to promote the optimal allocation of social resources." These industrial processing, not local raw materials, but raw material drawn from the remotest regions, their products not only for domestic consumption, and at the same time for all over the world consumption. "39 (4) promote the modernization development, the development of human society." It has created enormous cities, the urban population greatly increased as compared with the rural, and thus rescued a considerable part of the population from the idiocy of rural life. "bourgeoisie keeps more to eliminate the production, property and population dispersion state he so densely populated, the production together, the result is political concentrate. variety of independent and almost only alliance relationship property agglomeration in the hands of a few people. thus inevitably produce a variety of different interests, different laws, different government, different tariffs. areas with a unified government, a unified legal, unified nation of unified national class interests and uniform tariff. "39
(2 negative role ① promote globalization, the status of the various ethnic groups unequal performance of fate.
"Low prices of its goods, it is used to destroy everything the Great Wall, the to conquer the Barbarian most tenacious xenophobia heavy artillery which compels all nation --- if they do not want to perish --- adopt the bourgeois mode of production, it forces them in front of their own, where the implementation of so-called civilization, that is, to become bourgeois themselves short, create a world after its own image 39 ② fate of status inequality. "bourgeois rural succumb to the domination of the city." "Just as it is so rural belonging to the city, it is uncivilized and semi-civilized countries slave civilized countries, so that farmers of ethnic nation belonging to the bourgeoisie, the Oriental subordinate to the West. "39 three, criticizing various fallacy against communism, to clarify the theory of the Communists advocate
1 refute the bourgeoisie attacks on the elimination of private ownership refute Abolition of private property is to eliminate individual earned, labor point of view, refuted the elimination of private ownership is the elimination of the point of view of freedom and individuality, refuted the elimination of private ownership will lead to the laziness of the wind rise fallacy .
Refute bourgeois slander refuted the eradication of the traditional concept of the Communist Party to destroy all education fallacy to refute the communists want to destroy the fallacy of the family, refuted the communists To cancel the fallacy of the motherland and the nation
3 to refute the so-called Communist Party to repeal the fallacy of the philosophical, moral and eternal truth
"Communists is the most radical rupture with traditional property relations that, not surprisingly, in his own development involved the most radical rupture with traditional ideas."
Declaration >> << pointed out that the only way to achieve communism is the proletarian revolution and the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Declaration << >> The ultimate aim of the Communists is to eliminate private ownership, and the realization of communism For this reason, the first step is to make the proletariat to rise as the ruling class to win the battle of democracy. Then focus all instruments of production in the hands of the state economic development as soon as possible, to increase the total amount of social productive forces, the same time through a variety of measures in a timely manner so the public the right to lose the nature of the class and the ruled.
Fourth, the free and comprehensive development
"The old bourgeois society instead of classes and class antagonisms that exist, will have an association, where the free development of each person is the condition of the free development of all people."
Interpretation: The Communist Manifesto << >> refuted and criticized various oppose communism fallacy full emancipation from the freedom of human personality and spirit, to clarify the theory of the Communists advocate, discuss a comprehensive human development perspective. Marx It seems that the full development of free personality, being both comprehensive development of a comprehensive reflection and highest goal, but also the comprehensive development of the most fundamental connotation. Marx eliminate exploitation, the elimination of private ownership of the proletariat to rise as the ruling class, the proletariat the dictatorship, the establishment of a world proletariat to unite a community economic development as soon as possible, to establish a high degree of development of the productive forces, the most radical rupture with traditional concepts, the development of socialist spiritual culture, greatly to the liberation of the human spirit world, so that the freedom of man's all-round development to create the conditions, in order to achieve the full development of human freedom. highest form of human society envisaged by Marx communist society is "to establish to become subordinate their social development of individuals and their common social production capacity The ultimate form of wealth based on the freedom of individuality. "Marx man free personalized comprehensive development of the state as the state of the communist society of human life, his pursuit of the free and comprehensive development is a high degree of freedom of the human spirit Development Links to free papers Download Center http://eng.hi138.com