Multi-ethnic society on a democratic system

Paper to write net: May 17, 2011 -18 days, compiled by the Bureau of the Russian Research Center of the CPC Central Committee, 俄罗斯雅罗斯 Lavr 'Global Policy Forum,' the organizing committee and co-sponsored by the Central Compilation and Translation Press the Eighth China-Russia more economic and social development forum held in Beijing. Forum consists of three parts: <<Democracy and modernization - the challenges of the 21st century debate>> the book launch, 'multi-ethnic society in the democratic system,' International Symposium and Vladislav Slavic Eno Zemu Zaitsev and 瓦列里法捷耶夫 academic report. participate in the forum of experts and scholars from Central Compilation and Translation Bureau, Academy of Social Sciences, the State Council Development Research Center, the Central Party School, National School of Administration , Peking University, Renmin University of China, Central University for Nationalities, East China Normal University, Research Center of Russia's post-industrial society, the community hospital the Russian Federation, Russian State Institute for Strategic Studies, Russia effectively Policy Foundation, National Higher School of Economics, Russia, etc., as well as central Compilation and Translation Press, Russia, 'Europe' Press and in the Russian news media, nearly 100 representatives attended the meeting. scholars around Democracy, ethnic and cultural diversity issues such as a lively and frank dialogue. now the scholars of the presentations and discussions choose its essence excerpts are as follows.

Compile the CPC Central Committee, Deputy Secretary for Yu-ping in his speech on democracy identity and diversity issues in-depth explanation.
Democracy is now the world's most discussed or that one of the most contentious in our country, the last two years the two most contentious issues, one is a universal value, only one English word 'universal value', there are four Chinese kinds of translation: universal values, universal values, universal values ??and common values. There is a Chinese model, we argue can be found in the two extremes: one extreme to think that democracy is only one model, there is no democracy with Chinese characteristics, Chinese model of democracy, that democracy is only one extreme to another personality, uniqueness, there is no common, universal, and I think both extremes are wrong, at least on the issue of democracy, is the individuality and commonality, identity and diversity unity. democracy at least the following in common: democracy, the political development of common logic, human no matter what nation is always more to democracy, democracy has common elements, including elections, rule of law, citizen participation, democracy also have political transparency and power constraints, in addition, must have some common democratic form of politics and representation through political parties shown. The commonality of democracy exists, because there are common characteristics of human nature, the common law of social development, political civilization have in common. In addition to these common than, as each country's different economic and social foundations, historical and cultural traditions and social development of different stages and different levels of development, making the performance of democracy in form, has shown a way to achieve diversity of characteristics, we should learn from other countries in the democratic process in practice worth learning some of the factors, in order to better achieve the socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics.

Members of the community hospital Russian Federation, Russian Institute, 'Europe' Publishing House 格列布帕夫洛 Minkowski model attempts to talk about the nation-state democracy issues with Russia.

Independent for 20 years, for what kind of country you want to create, what kind of country is facing problems and challenges, and ultimately what kind of social model of these problems in Russia have always been a very heated debate. Russia is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multicultural country, in a democratic system of choice in the hope that reflects a stable national interests, but this is a very difficult process. The Soviet Union with the information revolution and the Internet's explosive growth in the same period , while this country is clearly ill-prepared, the resulting shocks to the entire country's development. Another important issue is the ideological issues. Russia's democracy is still in the initial period, because the ideological foundation is weak and often subject to criticism of the United States, but the Russian model of democracy and the United States is not the same, in this valuable experience to learn from China will be very meaningful.

Department of the Central Party School Professor Zhao Huji Political analysis of the key elements of democracy and democratic system of diversity.
Key elements of democracy, East and West are not necessarily the same as the first, the issue of universal values. Freedom, equality, popular sovereignty, of course is a universal value, but not the only traditional Chinese Wisdom letter also contains universal values, the two are not in conflict, but only with oriental features. Second, to reflect the democratic will of the majority, and become an error correction mechanism based on this, the democratic system model can be diversified. development is not the result of imitation, but rather the result of inheritance, China is exploring the institutionalization of democracy in their model, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan should learn from the lessons.

Academy of Social Sciences Professor Hao Shiyuan, Vice Secretary-General focused on China's regional ethnic autonomy system of democratic mechanisms.

Survey of ethnic conflicts around the world that recognize the autonomy of ethnic minorities is to help rather than threaten political stability of these historical and practical experience of China's revelation that seek unity in diversity, seek harmony in diversity, which is ethnic and religious diversity of national integration to solve the only way the Chinese system of regional ethnic autonomy is the history of China's national conditions for making a choice, but also the Chinese Communist Party Marxist classical writers under the theory of unified multi-ethnic socialist countries to achieve national equality arrangements made by a system which is a dual power structure, it is necessary to implement the country's unity of will, but also to protect the basic rights of minorities, especially the equal suffrage in the nation-state building, the various ethnic groups in fact in the Chinese-based, need of the Chinese nation, not just referring to the Han Chinese, but rather a co-construction of all ethnic groups at the national level of the nation. With the urbanization process of China's new, is a place of inter-ethnic integration between the new and the diffusion process, the various ethnic groups may have competition for jobs, equality of languages ??and other new frictions and problems of China's regional ethnic autonomy system must continue to draw on the experience of the international community to improve themselves. way to solve the national question is not only diverse, but also continue to explore.

Central University for Nationalities Dean Professor Li Junqing elaborated on contemporary Chinese nationalism and national policy issues Reflections.

China in dealing with national issues has made important achievements, just as Professor Hao Shiyuan presented, first in China to maintain the political equality of the rights of minority political participation, representation of ethnic minorities in the National People's Congress, 12% in the NPC Standing Committee minority deputies accounted for 15.53%, far higher than the ethnic minority population accounts for 8.49% of the proportion of the population, but at the same time, there are some problems. First, the economic development in minority areas and the national average there is a big gap. In 2009 a province of Guangdong's GDP was 3.7 trillion yuan, while only eight national provinces combined 3.4 trillion, there is no more a province of Guangdong. Second, in recent years, simmering ethnic separatist forces, particularly in the Tibetan separatist and Xinjiang's ethnic separatism, religious extremism represented. Third, with the accelerated process of urbanization, minority accelerated population movements to the east, ethnic conflicts and conflicts in the non-minority areas often occur. there are several issues worth considering. a The problem is that national identity through the household registration system has been cured, but now linked with the interests of the distribution mechanism, which is not detrimental to the various ethnic groups slowly through the interaction between each other, mutual integration. The other is autonomous and the relationship between regional autonomy and if we recognize the equal rights of citizens, then re-attached to citizenship on a thing, such as the rights of ethnic groups, is not it will deepen the sense of belonging to ethnic groups, and hinder the population of national sense of belonging. Links to free download
Russian president 基里尔塔纳 Aliyev Foundation, effective policy scholars share with the post-Soviet countries to implement national policy experience.
Post-Soviet region showing the complex ethnic relations, and the governments of these countries lack the national understanding of the relationship, basically follows the usual Soviet-era political means to deal with national issues and these countries to establish a new political system and political system, but also history of a lineage, and not explicitly aware of their mission and they are often affected by the impact of economic determinism, to the neglect of building institutions and systems, such as the Central Asian countries, although most of the national question from the name, there are some regulatory agencies , but these institutions or engage in the problem.

Parallel development of democracy and modernization, but the two different paths of development, in the framework of power, this is more conducive to the development of the tendency of the regime of Soviet democratization of the late Boris Yeltsin, and makes a significant decline of national power of Russia today continue to democratize, should find new, more secure way in the Soviet era, multi-ethnic culture has been an unprecedented development, the gap between rich and poor republic is only 1.5 times, and is now up to 20 times. also be pointed out is that now we are talking about the more advanced development of the former republics, and not far behind those previously can be said is completely collapsed in the solution of national problems, the West and even some tough rough For Russia and desirable policy, only cultural means to truly solve the problem of multi-ethnic society, in order to eliminate the tension between nations, thereby eliminating the ethnic conflict.

Russian National Higher School of Economics Department Director of local self-East Chomsky Professor Simon Cole speak on the topic 'the level of contemporary Russian society and democracy.'
From a sociological point of view, democracy is a mechanism, its purpose is to make the different classes, different levels of coordination or harmony of interests of Russia for centuries are level system, this system in the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia has been carried on in addition to grading, Russian society still divided by ethnic and religious beliefs and now Russia has officially confirmed 120 people, every nation which may also contain several or even dozens of ethnic groups, so Russia is facing and how to coordinate the relations between ethnic groups and national interests of the today events in North Africa should arouse our attention, if the culture of a society of educated people than social needs can cause problems if the Russians in the 20th century before the nation is not a lot of text, the Soviet Union has done a lot of effort to create a lot of the nation's language and culture, the language and culture, once born, the reality on the law of their own development in general, democratic institutions in the West effective, but when it comes when the national system, this is difficult to effective democratic institutions, and through some means to solve this problem.

East China Normal University International Relations and Regional Development Research Institute Professor Feng Shaolei on the theme of 'cultural pluralism and the modern state of development.'
The diversity of civilization is the development of human civilization is an important symbol, it means that the principle of democracy, respect for diversity and protection of the reform and opening up 30 years, China's relations with the outside into the world economy mainly to the large circle, and the present China in a new phase, in addition to their own development, but also requires the development and stability of the world to make greater contributions to assume more responsibility. In this case, need to pay attention to two issues: first, not the talk about China's traditional interests, values ??do not speak, do not search for the spiritual world, and the second, not to cure or the East Asian experience, is to know China's achievements In the development of civilization of mankind based on the accumulation and build up our own tradition must have a clear understanding of the world's cultural diversity must be placed in the context of development, recognizing that we are but one of them elements, in the progress of China, the world also in progress.

Russian National Strategy Institute 米哈伊尔列米 Niyazov discussed the risks of cultural pluralism.
Pluralism cultural policy and cultural diversity in itself can not be the same, because all societies are cultural diversity, while cultural pluralism as a national policy, does not mean the state of society, but on the ethnic interests above personal interests the idea of ??Russia there are so many people, why long-term residents together to form a country? is from the heart of a brotherhood? No, mainly because of a long time, they accepted to varying degrees Russian culture, Russian culture by the impact, but also by Russia some of the traditional system of impact to ensure the unity of a nation, we must first ensure that the dominance of the mainstream culture. Although China and Russia is very tolerant of other people's culture, but there are still the dominant culture, so other groups also need to integrate into the mainstream culture. If not, they can not effectively participate in nation-building, national unity and people-based culture will be destroyed.

Central Compilation and Translation Bureau, deputy director of the Institute of Marxism of contemporary researcher Yang Xuedong speech entitled 'Cultural diversity and the quality of democracy.'
In general, there are two types of cultural diversity, one is the formation of groups on a geographical basis of cultural diversity, one is from a different stage of development divided by the cultural diversity in a national context, the cultural diversity There is a thing of the above, is a country's culture or ideology of a country we are talking about cultural diversity and the relationship between democracy, is actually talking about the country's multicultural ideology and the following relationship between If they handled the relationship between cultural diversity will promote the formation and stable democratic system, if not handled properly, could lead to state collapse and fragmentation of the system in China is facing a great cultural and political tensions between relationship, for example, different stages of development formed in a variety of cultural, ethnic self-interest of individual demands more and more prominent, the official Chinese state ideology or that ideology is always in the event of change or that there is no way to provide the general public a convincing, something that we can abide by these years China has done a lot of effort, the cultural construction of the building to the national level, the proposed strengthening of national cultural soft power, in the hope of the socialist core value system to guide people. Links to free download
National School of Administration and Public Administration Department of Research and researcher at Professor Hing's perspective on the constitutional order in the context of multi-cultural nation-building issues.

Constitutional order for us to think about diverse cultures instructive. Culture as a rule, the lower level in the high level of culture is a belief, a value, and there are rules on a deeper level of human thinking in fact the contemporary world political order is nothing more than is reflected in these two areas, whether we are from the abstract to think about the value of the order, or from specific rules to think from the rules of thinking, we can deeply understand the structure of the state order meaning, to find strategic thinking. constitutional order and multi-cultural adaptation and cultural inclusion and national policies are worth considering. African countries experience has shown that the lack of constitutional government is an important reason leading to fragile states.

Associate Dean of International Relations, Peking sea off your professor of international relations from the perspective of democracy.
Democracy is a historical trend, the world's countries will eventually move toward democracy, but the road to democracy and to solve these problems the method used is not necessarily identical, so we need to clearly underlined that the implementation of democracy in various countries timing and speed, choose the way of democracy and institutions are conditional, can not be too subjective, idealistic. with a mandatory, plus ways to promote democracy, the relationship between the state's role is clearly greater than the building damage of the role of any country if the international community wants to build democratic model, then it should get the domestic institutions of democracy to the international community. Western democracy in the world bad reason is that they are the standards of democracy and democratic the scope of aspects of the implementation of domestic and foreign standards, this approach fundamentally hindered the implementation of democratic values, damage to its appeal. absolute sovereignty and absolute democracy is justice in violation of international relations, so in today's cases, consultation should be part of the way restriction of sovereignty, and promote democracy in international relations generally accepted principles.

Russia's Channel One well-known TV host Maxim Shevchenko from an international perspective to talk about his strategy on Russia and Asia, the newly selected view.

Russian culture is the most valuable part of both its own characteristics, and belongs to all mankind. Russia's political elite has been ignoring the nature of the nation, wanted to apply to the two principles of the European Russian people who, according to the Western model modernization, reform of the 19th century to have all these features today's Russia should make their own choices, challenges center on the idea that the two sides. China today has to show us a new situation, tell us, in the modern environment, in addition to the West, but also may have other central Asian choice for Russia's development has a crucial impact.

School of International Relations, Renmin University of China Professor Wang Yingjin detailed analysis of the democratic system in Taiwan experience and problems.

The democratization of Europe experience is important, but the Asia-Pacific countries and regions experience little overlooked, such as Korea, Singapore, Japan, the Philippines, particularly in mainland China in Taiwan the same root, they are grabbing can be called on Confucian culture, the radiation circle, by the very strong influence of Confucian culture, its democratic practices and the problems we are there for reference.

Russia <<free thinking>> magazine editor, director of the Center post-industrial society Vladislav Eno Zemu Zaitsev made a closing statement.

Russia and China and various European countries and the United States, are multi-ethnic, multi-cultural country and the two countries in the 21st century there are many common topics with Russian scholars than their counterparts in China should be recognized for democracy is not so pessimistic, but also more confident. This reflects the recent history characteristics, the characteristics between Russia and China, the Chinese scholars believe that in a democratic Russia on the road to go further, I would not say so, we should actively discuss a problem gradual approach is better or the development of good jumping Russia is relatively fast way to jump a step forward in recent years, Russia is natural to have the opposite trend, that is, back in my own country's stage of produced a new view of democracy, social welfare policy intervention also enhanced, while China has taken a gradual approach, in fact, China has come to the Russian front, such as Russia, but not across the stage, so there is no denial of these concepts , both for the market economy or democracy, are still holding more positive attitude. This is a very meaningful lesson or experience should be step by step, cautiously moving forward, this will be less disappointed, a little more confidence In this regard, the two countries should learn from each other, this forum is a good attempt.

Secretary-General of the CPC Central Committee Compilation and Translation Bureau, the Russian Research Center researcher Yang Jinhai In his closing remarks on the day of discussion are summarized.

Day forum, content-rich, fruitful, multi-ethnic society around democratic system conducted in-depth discussion, the consensus achieved the following significant: first, democracy is the identity and unity in diversity. Whether China or Russia, are should go their own way. Second, China and Russia from a historical and institutional, especially from the perspective of multi-ethnic country, there are many similarities and stable development of China and Russia today, we must learn the lessons of history, particularly the Soviet Union in the lessons of national problems were not dealt Second, China and Russia should strengthen democracy mutual understanding, learn from each other. Fourth, properly handle the multi-cultural relationship with the modern state of China at present facing a very important issue is to the value of one dollar and the diversity of dialectical unity. Fifth, in-depth study of the country specific ethnic conflicts, for example, the issue of national identity, ethnic conflicts of the modern form of the problem, the issue of fairness , social class, political tradition and the modern political system problems and so on.

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