Papers Category:Philosophy Papers
- Technology Philosophy Papers
Post Time:2012-12-13 10:57:00
Paper Keywords: food science innovation and development of contemporary scientific and technological revolution
Abstract: food science research and development of innovative theories and ways of thinking and modern scientific theories and innovative ways of thinking coincide. Technological revolution can be seen as the driving force behind the development of food science and technology, to strengthen research cooperation, in practice, on the basis of Food Science and Technology innovation and development of modern scientific and technological revolution of the traditional food processing industry, processing methods, testing standards, testing methods, quality control and early warning system as well as the theoretical framework of food science and technology have had a huge impact, and provides a novel technology platform, In order to meet the needs of scientific and technological development, food science and technology innovation, but also to promote the scientific and technological revolution in the process.
All appeared since the 20th century revolution in science and new technologies are examples of traditional areas of contemporary scientific and technological revolution, which consisted primarily of chemistry, physics, molecular biology, astronomy and other basic subjects as the focus of the scientific revolution, as well as modern automation technology, new energy technology, new material technology, biotechnology, space technology, marine engineering technology, computer and information technology, microelectronics, laser fiber superconducting technology applications such as technical disciplines focused new technological revolution . constantly in the contemporary scientific and technological revolution promoting human spirit growing economy and the process of improving, the human - technology - Natural coordinated development model will become urgent to show the theme of a new era of science and technology and the relationship between humans and the environment issues will be the focus of attention of contemporary scientific and technological revolution. doubt contemporary food science and technology revolution, the rapid development of the food industry, and human health and the environment contrary to the sound development of the pseudo application of technology in the scientific and technological revolution continue to be eliminated in the food raw material production bases, food and byproducts deep processing technology, natural food additive processing technology, functional activity factor vitality protection and conservation techniques, etc., can profoundly reflect the technological revolution and technology new trend evolution of food science and technology virtuous cycle of development support role . food science in agronomy, Horticulture and biochemistry and other disciplines developed on the basis of the direction of the cross-complex and strong application engineering expertise, multi-disciplinary knowledge accumulation and innovation created a high level of professional and technical personnel and research platform, developments in the field of food science always show the history of contemporary scientific and technological revolution deduction results.
A contemporary scientific and technological revolution is the driving force to promote the development of food science (one hundred years history of the development of food science thinking disciplinary development of China's food history, Central University established since 1902 and manufacturing disciplines agri began one hundred years of history experienced during the germination period (1902-1952), early development (1952-1978, the development period (1978-90 and the rapid development of the mid-term (90 years -) four stages, it can be said the development of China's food been subjected to disciplinary War factors baptism experienced the "Cultural Revolution" stagnation, and now in the contemporary role in promoting the scientific and technological revolution, the productivity and socio-economic development by leaps and bounds, food science and technology has also ushered in a new period of rapid development . now China's food based on scientific discipline, standardize and broaden the principle, has developed into a high-tech, strong academic orientation sunrise systematic discipline, if not contemporary science and technology opportunities and driving force of the revolution, there would be no food today considerable science and technology, and improve the development of scientific and technological revolution is therefore the driving force behind the development of food science.
(Two) contemporary scientific and technological revolution and the people on food improvement in the level of scientific understanding
People on food improvement in the level of scientific understanding and the rise of modern scientific and technological revolution is closely since the founding of New China, China has achieved the planting and cultivation of agricultural mechanization, large-scale processing, and through the extensive use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, veterinary drugs, hormones and primary food additives in order to promote agricultural and livestock production and processing of value-added, in raising the number of food safety, food and clothing to meet people while food quality and safety seriously neglected the potential harm caused to consumers as well as damage to the environment for human survival. With Food Science and Technology and the development of modern information technology and consumer health consciousness, such as excessive pesticide residues, heavy metals, microbial proliferation and indiscriminate use of various additives such issues have become the focus of consumer concern, "safe, nutritious, convenient, flavor "in the field of food science diet concept became the main objective of reform and improvement. At the same time, food science and scientific development through fleshed out, to lead a virtuous cycle of development of food processing enterprises as any one food professional technicians and operators must keep in mind "the conscience of each record in relation to each one of a food."
Second, the development of food science and technology countermeasures contemporary scientific and technological revolution so that the entire scientific methods and concepts have undergone tremendous changes in the food-processing model, from simple traditional processing mode into "convenience - Safety - nutrition" modern processing mode theory of modern food processing and high-tech innovation in the new technological revolution situation increasingly shown its vitality, but due to technological conditions and limitations of the application of scientific and technological achievements, now for some food processing quality Deterioration mechanism and control technology research lacking, retrospective and interpretation of related phenomena are too vague, the food processing industry involves various standards and procedures yet to be optimized integration which gave food producers in dealing with specific quality problems caused ambiguous, loss of confusion, but these did not negate the direction of development of food science and technology correctness because there are areas of food science these problems, we should seize the contemporary scientific and technological revolution the opportunities given to technological development, whereby we can propose the development of Food Science and Technology and the Strategy is: adhere to the development of food processing, basic theory and method as a guide, based on the dominant position of green food, and actively introduce modern industrialization of high-tech science and technology (including food processing, basic theory and application of technology, to make up for specialty foods , functional food development and safety testing and other deficiencies in the conditions of modern scientific and technological revolution, to strengthen research cooperation, in practice, on the basis of food science and technology innovation and development . food science development in the history of any one academic prosperity through absorption at the latest achievements of science and culture of innovation to achieve, to implement food technology research and food processing enterprises demonstrate and promote the organic integration, and resolutely oppose food processing companies, food science and technology research institutions mismatch of situation.
(A perfect government functional departments of the regulatory system for food processing enterprises and the support mechanisms of food safety incidents occur frequently and constantly remind expose establish and improve food quality and safety supervision system in importance. Firstly, the relevant government departments need for food processing in the region Business types meticulous production statistics and analysis, according to the national standards and modern analytical techniques to establish quality control testing methods and Sensory evaluation methods, so that the scientific and regulatory approaches timeliness, as far as possible to avoid the use of non-specific phenomenon Implementation Evaluation supervision of food caused the blindness, such as carbohydrate-based foodstuff combustible issues, and secondly, according to the regional resource advantages, the establishment features high-quality agricultural and livestock production base, combined with environmental protection, issues such as deep processing byproducts , improve the government's functional departments of the regional approach to support leading enterprises, such as food processing technology in the region to seize the bottleneck problem, support the establishment of specialty engineering research centers, service agencies and research innovation alliance system, implementation of modern food processing technology and Modern food processing enterprises effective docking, and efficient development of regional advantages food processing industries.
(Two to rely on major scientific and technological innovation and scientific and technological revolution, the establishment of food science development focus global economic crises will give rise to major scientific and technological innovation and scientific and technological revolution, the major scientific and technological innovation and scientific and technological revolution achievements, for the establishment of food science and technology development focus on providing scientific basis for the energy crisis, environmental pollution, climate and food shortages have become increasingly prominent, innovative food science and technology development is the key to energy conservation, improve the comprehensive utilization of agro-processing byproducts extent and clearly accelerate the Food Biotechnology training to become a pillar industry in high-tech fields and the country's strategic emerging industries, which is based on the bio-industry development prospects and the new century and new technological revolution judgment of strategic opportunities, but also accelerate the development of high-tech industries and building an innovation-oriented country's major initiatives [ 5], which requires that we must be in the original food processing methods, testing methods, quality control and early warning system as well as food science and technology on the basis of the theoretical framework to further improve the innovation, in line with contemporary scientific and technological revolution phased development goals.
Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com
Third, the scientific and technological revolution for the food science provides a platform for the development of science and technology innovation and development process has clearly revolutionary scientific theories tend to lead the development and application of technology revolution, resulting in application of technology innovation and change, and ultimately to promote the overall development of the social productive forces . Foods discipline history also shows that, although the political, economic and other factors affecting the process of development of the subject of food, but the scientific and technological progress continues to be its direct power source, mainly in the following aspects:
(A) food safety testing technical progress is an important indicator of the development of food science food testing technology is the core of the development of food safety science sign, but also a national food quality supervision and control an important manifestation of Western countries in recent years, the field of food safety testing for outstanding problems in research studies conducted in the sophisticated detection equipment design, food security early warning model building and collaborative assessment of other aspects of unsafe factors remarkable achievements and results of cell-based technology integration, the initial establishment of food security early warning systems. breakthrough detection technology barriers China's food security will become the key to safe production, new technology revolution has led to smart chip technology and computer control technology of sustained development, R & D and the introduction of self-transformation through a combination of innovative models to study the development of a series of modern food industry to adapt to the development of high-tech test methods and standards to enhance and improve the standards of food safety and food quality detection technology system monitoring system, market acceptance of products in the international efforts to greatly improved, such as through technical innovation and integration, development and implementation of new production and quality of apple juice concentrate Control Standard (GB/T18963-2012), effectively promoted the development of fruit processing industry advances in technology, Moreover, ELISA and proteomics analysis of the development of technology has significantly improved the detection of food insecurity and food toxicology assessment factor level. Thus, detection of food safety standards and technological progress and scientific development of the sexual revolution is the direct driving force of Food Science and one of the sources.
(Two) of biotechnology for food science profound impact on the development of modern biotechnology in cell biology, molecular biology, genetics and other areas of rapid development and promotion of biotechnology in promoting the traditional technology research into high-tech fields Meanwhile, the development of food science had a profound impact, such as the use of molecular cloning, DNA recombination, cell fusion and viability retention and other food processing techniques can be improved and food quality, and through molecular marker technology, enabling harm or efficacy effective evaluation mechanisms of action, to achieve a more accurate QSAR quantitative and qualitative analysis, using metagenomics technologies available to high-quality traditional fermented products in the characteristic expression of genes, effectively overcome the traditional separation methods for training and uncultured microorganisms The invalidation. shows that advances in biotechnology for the development of food science had a profound impact, and promote the transformation and development of food science.
Fourth, given the contemporary scientific and technological revolution Thinking of Food Science and Technology Research thirty years of reform and opening up, the rapid development of the food economy brought people enjoy eating rich and colorful, but also to human health, brought a series of negative effects, wherein the food processing industry, the environmental pollution and food safety and health issues directly affect the quality of life of residents, and how today's technology revolution will bring advanced technology and management concepts grafted on China's food processing industry, and continuously improve the food processing market accept the efforts of each and every staff of food science and technology research question worth considering.
(An effort to learn and master the advanced processing techniques and methods era of knowledge explosion that is frequently updated technology and knowledge era, trying to learn and master the advanced processing techniques and methods of food science and technology personnel, particularly the primary task of front-line staff , food and food processing research and development staff level of knowledge specific operator serious discrepancy is a common problem in food processing enterprises, food processing operators to simplify their own manufacturing processes and adjustment for common occurrences, resulting in production of non-compliance with Chapter, quality is difficult to guarantee At the same time a number of food companies high-level R & D institutions the introduction of professional and technical personnel is lagging behind, alone palatable for the evaluation of blending or redeployment way into certain food products R & D department developed the main form of coordination involving food and nutrition, quality and safety Performance assessment and reorganization of food less studied. regularly carry out technical training, academic lectures and academic exchanges can be a food processing enterprise technology and operations staff to learn and master the advanced processing techniques and methods major way.
(Two food processing industry through innovative new era of open innovation is a source of scientific research, based on "security, nutrition, health, convenience," the innovative principle, the implementation of food enterprises to improve product upgrade is the key to competitiveness in the market at present China's food science and technology research problem is that repetitive follow-up study more, less industrial applications and technological achievements, product homogeneity is more serious, such as the synthetic antioxidants and preservatives security has been widely questioned today, through technology innovation and development of natural product upgrades have antioxidant and anti-corrosion properties of food additives or application products, will open a new era in the food processing industry in short, from the ideological and institutional innovation and other aspects of the food processing industry for radical change, in order to truly create a Food Technology & Innovation environment as well.
(Three colleges, enterprises to carry out research, to strengthen research team spirit on the one hand, the current field of food science and technology and technological achievements conversion rate is low, mainly due to laboratory research data with a big gap between production and amplification of individual researchers lack of teamwork, scientific research is not precise enough, the findings credibility and reliability is low, on the other hand, some of China's food industry product development and technological change consciousness, ignoring the scientific and technological achievements into the added value, and even the formation of enterprises and research institutions to act independently and distrust of the situation. enterprise as technology demonstration bases for scientific and technological achievements in practice, or to carry out colleges, enterprises and research, food science and technology is the only way for rapid development.
Follow the law of development of natural science, food science and actively summed encountered during the development of new problems and new challenges around specific period of time a major scientific issues and technical bottlenecks constant innovation in order to respond effectively to the new era of technological revolution greater challenges, correctly handle each period people diet, nutrition and health is the relationship between the contemporary scientific and technological revolution gives food science development of the fundamental mission.
References:  Zhao Jianjun the world of new technology revolution and innovation [J].
Theoretical vision, 2006, (6:30-31.  Xia Daozong, Wang Huiming, etc.
Modern technology revolution and its impact on food safety Ethics [J]. Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, 2008,32 (6:710-711.  Zhang sea breeze, the new national road, etc.
Modern technology revolution impact on the safety of the table [J]. Chinese Food and Nutrition, 2009, (12:12-13.  Cao Xiaobin, Zhang modern scientific and technological revolution and China's food safety problems [J].
Western China Science and Technology, 2009,8 (2:23-25.  Li Huiping on the dining table and Technology [J].
Innovation and Technology, 2008, (2:8-13.  SUN Chang Hao.
Nutrition and Food Hygiene [M]. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 2007, (7:477-484. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com