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[Summary] Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics is permeated with the three methods, in addition to other phenomenology and dialectics, that is, the analysis of the concept of history. The history of the concept analysis and research topics is the combination of a major feature of Gadamer's thought, but also an expression of his style, this most typically reflected in his classic book 'Truth and Method' in the. Hans-Georg Gadamer's explanation of this approach in some respects, although there are similarities with the Anglo-American analytic philosophy, but fundamentally his position and angle of the mainland's philosophy, specifically, that is, ontological hermeneutic .
[Keywords:] the concept of History / hermeneutics / Hans-Georg Gadamer
I had clumsy 'path leading to the hermeneutic dialectic - Gadamer's philosophical thinking research' in greater detail talked about Gadamer's hermeneutics of the two methods, one is the phenomenological method, one is dialectics method of ① . It now seems that perhaps we should add into the third method, that is, the history of the concept analysis method. If we Gadamer's masterpiece 'Truth and Method' version 2 of the Preamble and Introduction to combine reading, we can easily find this argument in the Hans-Georg Gadamer, where it is based. With regard to the first two methods, Gadamer's version of the preamble in section 2, speaks more clearly defined ② , while the third method in the last two paragraphs in the introduction has been suggested. In this regard, in the past may have failed to arouse people's attention, which may be related to Gadamer's own lack of focus on it explicitly sets out relevant, but this article seeks to stand out a bit. Because I feel more and more it is for us to understand Gadamer's 'Truth and Method' as well as their entire ideology is very helpful.
Relative Husserl's phenomenology and Heidegger's Existential Philosophy, the conclusions of Gadamer's hermeneutics of things, and not too hard to understand, but it unfolds academic background and theoretical reasoning, as well as the resulting demonstrated by the transport thinking process is more complex and difficult to understand, but think of this transport process to a large extent reflected in his meticulous, frequent analysis of the concept of history. This analysis and the resulting expression of style, has two sides: on the one hand, it shows the main points and conclusions of Gadamer profound academic background and cultural heritage, has increased its heavy academic sense; the other hand, for beginners, without grasping the basic ideas of his, before he was easily the concept of such a large number of faint confused the analysis of the history of the first turn, Ruzhui Wuli cloud, and even lose interest in reading further. However, I believe that precisely in this area require the reader's patience, as Hans-Georg Gadamer's thought at a deep and thought-provoking, as well as academic value is often reflected in it. Only with patience in order to slowly read out the 'flavor' to, just like tea, this is a long-term study of Gadamer's point I feel and experience.
We all know, the basic idea of Hans-Georg Gadamer focused on its most important works of 'Truth and Method', the film is recognized as a classic of modern Western hermeneutics, extremely rich in content, but on accelerating the basic spirit of the book or the the overall thrust of history is mainly through a series of conceptual analysis to show out. Here, there is an intrinsic part of the whole and the unity of its people need to continue to understand the overall gist of the text details the same time, the details need to grasp the spirit behind the whole, to borrow the words of Husserl, where each Details are its overall spirit of the 'side of explicit'.
I have always attached importance to the history of Gadamer's concept of the analytical work, he had in his academic career, specifically set up to explore the concept of a circle of history, and together, and the concept of compilation and publication of the vast history Recommend Add to favorites, resulting in a wide range of effects ③ . He has held a colloquium on the history of a series of concepts and reports will attract a lot of scholars engaged in this work ④ . He is directly in this regard a number of positive results into their own works, this will, in its 'Truth and Method,' that was the most prominent, the most specific and most thorough. For example, the book the first part of 'the spirit of science', 'enlightenment', 'empathy-pass', 'common sense', 'fun', 'style', 'experience', 'metaphor', 'symbol', 'game', 'holiday', 'theory', 'tragedy', 'mercy', 'fear', 'image', 'cloven edge of', 'performance' ( 'representative' / 'agent'), 'symbol', 'symbol' , 'painting', 'literary' analysis; the second part of the 'system', 'understanding', 'pre-see', 'effective history', 'position', 'sight', 'application', 'Reflections on Philosophy' , 'experience', 'dialectics', 'Q & A logical' analysis; the third part of 'philology', 'language and logos', 'language and words', 'language and concepts', 'speculative', 'America' analysis of concepts such as true. Basically, these concepts throughout his main ideas, which one of the most representative is the first part of the four dominant concepts of humanism and the third part of the''language 'concept in the development of the history of Western thought' analysis. According to the author's preliminary statistics, in 'Truth and Method', by Hans-Georg Gadamer, directly or indirectly, have made the analysis of the concept of the history of the terminology 40 or so (including the history of the concept to others the analysis of the absorption of research results and play ). This approach not only appears in the 'Truth and Method', but also in many other works of Gadamer are often used. Although the analysis of the concept of history there, not from the Hans-Georg Gadamer began, but like him not only pointed out its significance (details later), but consciously in their own work (especially in his major work 'Truth and method ') thoroughly implement the down, which seems philosophers in the mainland are rare. Therefore, saying that the analysis of the concept of the history of ideas constitute a kind of Gadamer's distinctive approach is justified (at least in the 'Truth and Method' is the case), and there are many things worthy of our in-depth thinking and exploring.
In 'Truth and Method' in the surface, the analysis of Gadamer's concept of history seems a bit haphazard, but in fact the logic behind the relationship is very tight. While Gadamer's own ideas often lack a number of clear general and summary description, but his concept of history analysis is to return to the original experience of words, to open a possible meaning of the domain or ancient and modern, past and present at the same time, thereby helping people to understand that the true meaning of them. For example, 'Truth and Method' is located in the first part of the first four concepts of humanism's 'enlightenment' is a typical, Hans-Georg Gadamer gave a detailed history of it back: from medieval mysticism has always been to Hegel The development, including etymological and semantic analysis, this analysis itself with the construction of nature: He put particular importance on the view that Hegel, it is to 'enlightenment' into 'the practice of enlightenment' and 'theory civilizing 'that the former is the basis for the latter. Like with Hegel, Gadamer's concept does not stop at the right only from the general education, education, moral this level to understand, but its community of life and human practices linked. According to Hans-Georg Gadamer on the notion of the word history of the analysis, we can even come to this conclusion: 'enlightenment' is Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics ideas throughout the cornerstone and the beginning of theory, his interpretation of science in sense can be described as 'enlightenment hermeneutics', which is Heidegger's 'the fact that hermeneutics' inheritance and development. ⑤
Again, the philosophy is Greek-style (Heidegger language), referring to the ancient Greek philosophy of language, Gadamer's clear that this language is very closely connected with the everyday language (such as the Logos / Logos), philosophy of language retains many of the same language or natural language daily living link, while the analysis of the concept lies in the reconstruction of the history of the concept of 'natural language use between the persistence of those links, so that a statement of the meaning of the concept of concrete, even from the distorted doctrine of the liberation of '⑥ . This is also consistent with Gadamer's emphasis and attention to the experience of the language. In addition, the language of Western philosophy, from its source through the conversion of ancient Greek to Latin and then change replaced the national language, the meaning will change, but they are ultimately the national language since in modern times has taken root, he cites a example, Hegel used the 'entity' concept, from the language source said it was from the Greek and Latin, but with a completely new context ⑦ , we have to understand it, it can not disregard and the relationship of this context and change, and so on.
If you take Husserl's 'Logical Investigations', Heidegger's 'Being and Time' and Gadamer's 'Truth and Method,' This three landmark of modern Western philosophy and writings of the mainland compared, we will found that the former two more from the synchronic point of view to show a hierarchy of themes and basic ideas, while the latter more to the concept of history through a series of analysis to achieve this, and this is what we often see to the study and expression of Gadamer's style, it will explore the integration into the synchronic diachronic analysis, making it appear to be more ideological and have a sense of history and thick feeling. This can be said that he and Husserl, Heidegger (mainly early) is not the same characteristics. Here, Gadamer's more to show a humanistic temperament. However, be pointed out that, the author carried out the three of them right here This statement of comparison, there are no value judgments, but only to a certain statement of the facts in order to highlight a feature of Gadamer's thought expressed, because such characteristics can help us better access to his ideas.
Is also important to mention that, in Hans-Georg Gadamer, where the analysis of the concept of history is not only his interpretation of an important method of learning, but itself is a kind of hermeneutic practice, he set out through this practice the philosophy of their own This will be its philosophical exploration and the practice of hermeneutics up. In his view, the concept of philosophical analysis and clarification of the history of the work itself is a hermeneutic, 'conceptual explanation is that the hermeneutic experience itself means' ⑧ . Because of this, Hans-Georg Gadamer in 'Truth and Method' in the Introduction clearly put forward the concept of history in this book will be the analysis and research topics closely integrated ⑨ . Here, the analysis of the concept of history, he has not only been demonstrated as a philosophical expression of ideas, and doing a very thorough, but it also be regarded as the philosophy of learning and training the soul, in order to master the soul, they must train their own right grasp the concept of the previous provisions and have 'a sensitive', Hans-Georg Gadamer himself that he is under the terms of the conceptual history of the effort on the part of 'such a train' ⑩ . In fact, any study or research in the final analysis is a language problem, are related to the concept of semantic analysis, philosophy in particular is no exception. Gadamer's hermeneutic features from the perspective of mainland China and consciously to highlight and emphasize this point, and in his writings spread the play to the limit of its.
So, why are valued Gadamer's concept of the history of analysis? The necessity of this approach and theoretical basis then what is it? We know that Hans-Georg Gadamer very high regard for Hegel logic expressed by such a fundamental point: 'the real thing itself means Naishi action. '(11) for his speaking, the concept of the analysis of the history of the discipline of philosophy itself, as requested by the concept of the history of philosophy constitutes the essence of philosophy, which he might find two aspects of description:
First, from the object point of view, a different philosophy and science, it can not be limited to experience, can not be dominated by the experience, philosophy of science in that sense there is no object, it concerns the universe as a whole, life is transcendent, then the philosophy of Objects in the end what is it? Can said that the object of philosophy is the concept? While Gadamer did not directly answer this question, but according to the context, he actually held the view that: Philosophy is the thinking of self-start as its object (12), which is inseparable from the concept. The philosophical concept in Gadamer's view, can not be made an arbitrary choice of symbols, but rather in the philosophy of its development, the formation of up and get their own meaning of the provisions, which since ancient Greece thousands of years of evolution has been prove that they themselves are not fixed, and its meaning is not always clear, clear, and they are the world's exchanges in the human interpretation of practice or the use of a variety of occasions, gradually build, develop, change, and still continue to before the advance. In the process, they have shelter, there are significant open; a quiet, there is recovery, and continually adapt to the times of each one, they spread to today, has a rich historical connotation, and this process actually showed a continuously to understand and explain the process, so Hans-Georg Gadamer said that all the conceptual work of philosophy are based on the hermeneutic dimension-based, and through the concept of history to display. (13)
Since all have a conceptual understanding of philosophy, so this understanding is the use of the concept, but according to Gadamer's point of view, understanding itself contains the application, therefore, in understanding the process of constantly engaging in the composition of the concept of , rather than rigid use of the concept. Since the philosophy of the system involves the use of the concept, then the study of philosophy, it is inseparable from the history of the analysis of the concept, which let us turn to the philosophy of language. Analysis of the concept of history as an important method of philosophy, requires the concept of tradition and the status quo to take a critical attitude, this criticism, including criticism of history and language criticism. In fact, this is no way to separate the two, because both modern philosophy and classical philosophy contact, another fracture, rather than simply a continuation of it by the Western academic language from Greek to Latin, the language of all ethnic groups and then to the West state of development would be explained. Therefore, the concept of the concerns reflected in the evolution of both a critical consciousness, but also a kind of historical consciousness.
By Heidegger's influence, in the eyes of Hans-Georg Gadamer, language is by no means people want to use when you can pick up, can be put aside when not in use tool. We not only of language, language is also dominated us. Similarly, we not only study of philosophy, 'philosophical research to demonstrate the concept of self-world' is also affecting us, provided us, and restrict us, 'in a manner similar to the language we use to govern our lives, like'. In order to explore the existence of Heidegger, for example, in order to avoid the presence of those who fall into the trap of tradition, he first used to define the existence of a tautology, and later on in the presence of a cross, as well as create their own 'Seyn' (exist) to express, which are that he encountered when exploring the topic of language difficulties and language of his restrictions. Therefore, to correctly understand and grasp the concept of thinking must be right to be understanding and Analysis of previously affected. This is since the 18th century, with the rise and development of historical consciousness, affecting the 'all responsible for the philosophical study' (14). Here, Gadamer's analysis of the history of the concept of critical consciousness and historical consciousness of the emphasis is clearly inherited and played the West in modern times the spirit of the Enlightenment tradition, he explicitly say: In the philosophy of language if you want to eliminate confusion, seek of a well-founded understanding, we must go to face and deal with a lot of 'words and concepts of the history of the history of the problem' (15).
Second, by nature, philosophy, mainly reflected in consciousness and transport problems philosophers thought process, but the development of its entire point of view, the history of the history of philosophy is the problem, Hans-Georg Gadamer agree with this a new leaf since the clear-Kantian philosophical view of history (such as Windelband, Nicholas Hartmann, Cassirer, Honigswald person who held this view and so on), and from the hermeneutic point of view to be accommodating. Analysis of the concept of the history of the history of such problems are intrinsically linked, although in a certain sense, can be said that philosophy is not new problems, only the new interpretation, it does not inevitably lead to a relativism of historicism, because the philosophical issue is old and always new, it can still maintain a certain identity (16), similar to the neo-Platonic and Hegelian kind of identity, this is Hans-Georg Gadamer has consistently adhered to. According to the basic viewpoints of philosophical hermeneutics, understanding and interpretation of nothing more than question and answer, the problem is the reader interaction with the text generated in the process, or to arouse, philosophical understanding of the activities as an understanding of the problem is always a re-awareness or to answer, but also an infinite iterative process, which is manifested in a performance history, subordinate to the understanding of hermeneutics reveals the logic of questions and answers. Here, the question of language and language origins of a variety of possibilities open to each other.
From Gadamer's dialogue with theory, philosophy of language is not fixity can also receive Note: It is always a dialogue with its own historical constant composition, although such a dialogue has gone through thousands of years, but the continues, and the never-ending, it is fair to say that philosophy is nothing more than had been 'carried out a number of times a transcript of' (17). It is not what a philosopher's established work, but its all the development through the ages.
As Aristotle understood to it, the history of philosophy philosophical problem is not only inevitable, but also can not be resolved (18), but Gadamer's view, these problems we often lack the appropriate and proper to be part of the conceptual system sure, once we are clear for us the concept or answer to the question, often biased, a language bias, that is, Bacon has long been talked about a 'false market' (which is due to misuse of language created by using phantom phase). Thus, a language the history of clean-up is necessary. While we can not completely get rid of prejudices to be understood, but a reasonable bias and prejudice of non-rational language can be infinite Q & A during the process of clarification, because the questions and answers that is, the original meaning of dialectics, it is by revealing the contradictions, so at the shield toward the course of things themselves. This is the middle of the history of the concept of work to be done is' to walk back and forth back and forth from the words to the concept of this road, and to maintain its smooth flow ', in order to achieve the ancient and the present, past and present a unified, which makes' the history of the concept of question itself into question the hermeneutic method of contact among the wider '(19).
The author believes that the above two areas which have aroused the concept of Gadamer's emphasis on the analysis of the history of the underlying causes. Based on this, he will still grasp the concept of history as 'our time to conduct a critical and responsible philosophical premise of the activities' (20), require the history of philosophy must be the concept of sorting out and analyzing the semantics, precise, careful use of the concept, because only in this way can we avoid the arbitrary and unwarranted nature of understanding, 'can we have a philosophical discourse binding standardization' (21), which is the analysis of the significance of the concept of history. While Gadamer's concept of recognition from the empirical analysis of the history of the point of view, but he thought it should all the more 'philosophy of language features to get proof of its legitimacy' (22). Because the concept of philosophy from the above two aspects are not the final empirical evidence, so the proof of its legitimacy only in its history, applications, such proof similar to the neo-Platonic and Hegelian expressed in the kind of 'a' and 'more' dialectics.
All in all, Gadamer advocated the concept of a major role in the history of the analysis of a combination of research topics surrounding the concept of historical change of philosophy to grasp their inner spirit. This actually includes a kind of distinction and demarcation work, which to eliminate the language of this strange or rigid due to the shelter and the plight caused, and continue to inspire, guide and deepen our philosophical reflection (23), which Jiada Merle has always insisted on the basic spirit of hermeneutics - the meaning of 'free' out - coincide. In this process, Hans-Georg Gadamer believed that philosophical analysis of the concept of history should not be pursued 'from the decomposition of language in life a professional standard of a clear concept of the term, but to conceptual thinking and language, and exist in the language of truth as a whole to re-join '(24). This reminds us of Hegel's truth is a profound statement as a whole, but Gadamer's more focused on the perspective of language to understand and play, and emphasized that this process will never end.
Here let us turn briefly to the analysis of Gadamer's concept of the history of philosophy and the Anglo-American philosophy, with the mainland (or analytical philosophy) relationship. First, let me first aspect, the main there are two points worth noting:
First, Gadamer's emphasis on the analysis of the concept of the method in the history of modern Western Phenomenology - Existential Philosophy - within the tradition of hermeneutics directly with Dilthey, Husserl and Heidegger's influence sub - not open. Dilthey (25) hermeneutics of historical consciousness, Husserl's phenomenological description of methods and on the basis of Heidegger's early days there will be formed to combine the phenomenological hermeneutics or phenomenology of hermeneutics, Gadamer this approach can be seen as an important theoretical basis. However, the impact of Heidegger on his greater and more direct, but also greater emphasis on the concept of the late Heidegger's analysis of history, as he's 'Nietzsche' The second volume is a typical (26), Hans-Georg Gadamer in his later years have been This recalls: 'Heidegger can words and concepts to understand the world as a whole', in this respect, he is a genius, a 'magic wand of the prospectors' (Weunschelrutengaenger). (27)
In order to understand the spirit of science (humanities) in the truth, Gadamer argued that we should proceed from the traditional to reflect, as much as possible to grasp the history of transparency, specific to the understanding of the world, we must from a different from the modern scientific knowledge to grasp the concept, which requires us to establish a new concept of relationship that did not come from some sort of de facto point of view, or principle, nor is it a certain theory, but rather the things handed down from past remodeling, manifested in the understanding of the concept, it is by no means a comprehensive reception, but firmly grasp the original meaning of the concept (28). This is in fact followed the basic principles of phenomenology is the phenomenology and the philosophy of language as a combination.
Second, Gadamer's Hegel often cited as a fellow in the analysis of the concept of history is no exception. We know that Hegel's dialectic is mainly the concept of dialectics, which has the analysis of Gadamer's concept of history provided an important insight. Gadamer's concept of the history of analysis, where in general displayed a consistent history and logic, although he did not Hegel, mechanical, stiff, rigid, but full of vitality and a genuine sense of history. Gadamer believes that the analysis of the history of the concept of compliance is' thinking of the reality of movement ', and' the essence of Hegel's speculative dialectics based 'lies' in the concept of the fact that the concept of prescriptive totally thought movement ( This movement is carried out within their own ideas of) together '(29). Hans-Georg Gadamer on Hegel's dialectic of absorption is especially seen in his speculative structure of language expression, he clearly pointed out that the philosophical concept of the semantic process of development itself is permeated with the spirit of dialectics, its rejection of univocal manner to grasp the words of the practice and going to show a rich world as a whole has a meaning of life. (30)
Of course, Hans-Georg Gadamer on Hegel's absorption is not without reservations, and he criticized the dogmatism of Hegel's dialectic tendency to believe that precisely in this respect Hegel conceal his brilliant idea, because he still not able to avoid the subjective idealism of the system used to cut things themselves, which with upholding the basic principles of phenomenology is contrary to philosophical hermeneutics. Nevertheless, Hans-Georg Gadamer on Hegel reveals the dialectical nature of the concept of merit is still fully in the affirmative. Hegel and Gadamer particular attention from the interlinked aspects of the ancient Greeks to highlight the original meaning of dialectics, emphasizing that it is 'the experience may be thinking what the movement itself' (31). In my opinion, Hans-Georg Gadamer's understanding of the philosophical concept of dialectics, the history of the development and the linkages to focus reflected in this aspect. Of course, he also stressed the concept of dialectics can not be divorced from the experience of language, he considered hermeneutic dialectic has always been based on language as the center, which is not concerned about Hegel or very stressed enough.
From the above discussed analysis of Gadamer's concept of the history of philosophy, the link with the mainland, we find that, in Hans-Georg Gadamer, where this approach with the other two methods - phenomenology and dialectics -- is not separated from, but tend to embody the basic spirit of the latter two.
The second aspect, we need to talk about the history of Gadamer's concept of analysis and Anglo-American philosophy, conceptual analysis of the relationship. As we all know, the West since the 20th century, philosophy of language and gradually occupied the core of Sale (John R. Searle) even said that, to some extent the philosophy of language became the 'First Philosophy', 'all of the philosophy of language have become a form of philosophy '(32), although this assessment is based on the position of analytic philosophy, but philosophy also applies to the mainland. Hans-Georg Gadamer can not be divorced from this trend, but he later consciously integrated into the school and one from the interpretation and further impetus to its development. He clearly realized that, in terms of philosophy, and only after the road onto the language, concepts, research into the history can there be a new progress.
The second part of this article mentioned, Hans-Georg Gadamer's understanding of the concept of an analysis of the history of nature is a kind of language criticism, he said, the analysis of the history of the concept lies not only in the clarification of the concept as a whole, but also because of those hidden meaning reveal and distort the collapse. From this perspective, the analysis of the concept of history has 'therapeutic' role (33). Obviously, he's such statement is very close to the same analytical philosophy.
However, Gadamer and Wittgenstein's early ideas and the analysis of the impact of popular philosophy of the ideal language school's view is fundamentally opposite to the criticism in this regard in his writings can often be seen. We know that to promote the ideal of the philosopher, language or artificial language that ordinary language is imprecise, and philosophy, the root causes of confusion caused by the Therefore, in order to avoid errors in the production of metaphysics, it is necessary to abandon ordinary language, and the other to establish a logical, accurate and reliable the ideal language. Gadamer does not agree with this view, he even believed that the ideal artificial language or language is not a language, such as mathematical symbols system, we understand that they are just a means and tools of artificial language must be based on the language of life. After Copernicus, even though 'the sun rises from the east, from the west falling' presentation is no longer scientific, but it has not lost its meaning in our lives (34). Again, Gadamer's concept of analysis and interpretation of history has been subjected to Kamla and Lorenz's contempt, they think 'a traditional forum can not say certain, meaning clear judgments', Gadamer Dole has also been given to refute this, he pointed out sharply that is not to invent a new language, 'but from the vivid language to obtain the appropriate language', which is 'a legitimate claim of' (35). The concept of the history of his analysis is based on this. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://eng.hi138.com
It can be said, while stressing the improvement of everyday language itself, with no need to establish other aspects of an ideal language, Gadamer's thought, as well as with the later Wittgenstein's analysis of the impact of popular philosophy of ordinary language school of their views are close to in particular, Wittgenstein's language game theory, philosophical hermeneutics in many places can resonate with them, it is also true. But in any case Gadamer ultimately embodied in the mainland and representatives of the philosophical tradition and style, specifically, he is from the standpoint of hermeneutics to the concept of the history of philosophical analysis. Wittgenstein emphasized that philosophy is a kind of language critique, Gadamer is no doubt admit it, but in his view, philosophy is not just a language criticism, but also the discovery of a language, language of liberation (36 ), which is achieved by understanding and interpretation, Gadamer focuses on up from the original meaning of the hermeneutic cut into this issue. In addition, if the Anglo-American philosophy of science tend to close, then the philosophy of mainland China, there with the tendency to distance, which in the analysis of Gadamer's concept of history also highlighted the performance out. For example, Hans-Georg Gadamer believes that the concept of language in philosophy, the emergence of contradictions and confusion are important, provided they are not backing away from its ideological content (of course, where the so-called contradictions and lack of clarity is not a formal logic sense, nor is the concept of Hegel's dialectic of that aspect of dogmatism) (37). This contradiction and confusion of philosophy can not be completely out of the 'language difficulties', but Gadamer's view that it has a positive meaning, that is that it maintains the same organism as a whole, and this is the concept of language and philosophy suited to the task of the (38). In accordance with Hegel's understanding of the truth of all, but this time the whole world will never be the phenomenon of reach, so that the truth has a non-truth, the truth on the way, language display with a similar meaning, 'to know white' and the 'Shou-Black' is always accompanied.
In many cases, Gadamer himself does not attach importance to clarify the precise use of his concept, which is an important reason for this is he refused to comply with propositional logic 'the language is divided into a fixed unit of meaning' approach, he clearly pointed out the logic analysis of the language comprehension of 'narrow-mindedness' and 'resistance to propositional logic, propositional calculus with the type of criteria to measure the language' position (39). His analysis of the concept of history through the language habits and popular meaning to ask, one of the aims is to get rid of the concept of immobilization of the understanding, because of this, in his view is particularly inappropriate in the spirit of science, he said that those who strive for a single language Ambiguous approach is arbitrary and non-professional, one-sided and fantasy, the 'language does not recognize what is the failure to recognize the concept of language can not be invented, to be arbitrarily changed, and any arbitrary use of discarded, but rather From our ideological activities of the factors which arise out of. Such a living thought and speech, and others who met with considerable opposition of the shell, and only in man-made technical terms where it encountered '. (40)
Here would like to add that analytic philosophy in the discussed themes and tasks of philosophy stressed that, since it is not the object of experience, but transcendent, and therefore can not be empirical philosophical approach, but only a priori The. It is concerned, the task of philosophy is the concept of analysis. It should be said that Hans-Georg Gadamer have also held a certain share (that we mentioned earlier), but the analysis of the conceptual differences between them. Gadamer's view that a clear concept of the use and definition of this is the philosophy of science requirements, but such requests are reasonable, he questioned that the concept as a tool, asking it to precisely define the realistic possibility only in mathematics can be to do, in the field of philosophy it is impossible to do, but he is also from this point of view to appreciate Popper's criticism of positivism and emphasized the similarities between them. (41)
These are a clear demonstration of Gadamer's philosophy of language with the differences between British and American, his greater emphasis is that through the analysis to grasp the overall meaning of a word in the world, this analysis is not primarily in the level of logical form, but rather experience in the language level, and the latter is more associated with the presence of colleagues. We all know, Gadamer's view of language and ontology are inseparable, and he made it clear that the 'existence can be understood is language', or even bluntly said that 'there is language' (42). And explore the problems of Ontology in Wittgenstein and artificial language and everyday language school, where schools are often regarded as meaningless metaphysics to be abandoned, and they always just the language as a tool, all of which are Hans-Georg Gadamer strongly against it.
In general, Hans-Georg Gadamer, where, and the topic of combining the analysis of the concept of history is considered an important philosophical method, which is the discipline of philosophy itself, the nature of the decision, rather than external. It is maintained in line with the hermeneutic, do not rather say that it is both a hermeneutic approach, is also an application of hermeneutics, which, in his 'Truth and Method,' that was the most clear, the most prominent. If we carefully read this book, we find that Hegel's philosophy and theory of the relationship between the history of philosophy is also the analysis of Gadamer's concept of history and topics of research to get the process of combining a vivid expression the latter analysis of the concept of history is often a combination of the history of philosophy to carry out the. This is also further explained that the study of philosophy is inseparable from the history of philosophy studies. Such studies include the establishment of a kind of semantic field, this semantic field is provided by the history of philosophy, but is not fixed, rigid, which involved the historical consciousness and critical awareness and consciousness of the problem and so on Jiada Farmer explained the basic principles of learning within, where he was superficially the history of philosophy, the analysis of the concept, but in fact touched or hermeneutic problem, only that the subject is a combination of the philosophical concepts to their own development carried out. In a sense, we could even argue that Gadamer's hermeneutic perspective from the philosophy to answer the question of what is only his starting point is language.
Read this point, I think in 2000 at the School of Philosophy, Wuhan University, organized by Guodian international academic meetings, Hans-Georg Gadamer's students, a famous German scholar, Professor A * watts of sodium in his speech suggested that Chinese scholars have compiled similar to the concept of historical analysis with tools such as books, in order to facilitate the kind of Western scholars from their academic background to understand China's traditional ideology and culture, remark to the author at that time left a deep impression on him. I think that this work, from the hermeneutic point of view, not only conducive to Western scholars of Sinology of the correct understanding, but also conducive to our own traditional Chinese culture, including in-depth reflection on philosophical thinking. If the link above Gadamer's concept of the meaning of the history of analysis method, its value is self-evident to.
① see the clumsy 'Path leading to the hermeneutic dialectic - Gadamer's Philosophical Thought ', Shanghai Joint Publishing, 2001, P. 111Page.
② See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Truth and Method 'On the volume, Hung H & translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1992, P. 13-- 14Page.
③ See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Philosophy of life ', Chen Chunwen translation, The Commercial Press, 2003, P. 172-- 173Page.
④ See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Readme 'Containing 'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 788Page.
⑤ Rorty in the 'Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature 'There are Gadamer's 'Enlightenment philosophy 'Argument, it close to our expressed 'Enlightenment hermeneutics ', But he did not clearly meet our proposed concept.
⑥ Gadamer :'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 153Page.
⑦ See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 156-- 157Page.
⑧ Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 514Page.
⑨ See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Truth and Method 'On the volume, Hung H & translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1992, P. 21Page.
⑩ See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 787-- 788Page.
(11)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 592Page.
(12)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'The concept of history as a Philosophical Analysis of 'Containing 'Hermeneutics Ⅱ :Truth and Method ', Hung H & Q, Xia Zhen-ping translation, Taiwan version, the first 87-- 88Page.
(13)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 731Page.
(14)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'On the volume, Hung H & translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1992, P. 21Page. Emphasis added by those who cited.
(15)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'On the volume, Hung H & translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1992, P. 11Page.
(16)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 147-- 148Page.
(17)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 642Page. Translation slightly amended.
(18)Gadamer :'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 150Page. See also Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Hermeneutics Ⅱ :Truth and Method ', Hung H & Q, Xia Zhen-ping translation, Taiwan version, the first 91Page.
(19)Gadamer :'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 159Page.
(20)Gadamer :'Philosophy of life ', Chen Chunwen translation, The Commercial Press, 2003, P. 173Page.
(21)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 788Page.
(22)Gadamer :'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 159Page.
(23)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'The concept of history as a Philosophical 'Containing Gadamer 'Hermeneutics Ⅱ :Truth and Method - Supplementary and Index 'That Taiwan's version, Hung H & Q, Xia Zhen-ping translation, 1995, P. 95Page.
(24)Gadamer :'The concept of history as a Philosophical 'Containing Gadamer 'Hermeneutics Ⅱ :Truth and Method - Supplementary and Index 'That Taiwan's version, Hung H & Q, Xia Zhen-ping translation, 1995, P. 101Page.
(25)Dilthey's thinking with the duality and the transitional nature of his meeting with Husserl and Heidegger from a direct link, we can be incorporated into the modern phenomenon of science, the existence of this philosophy and hermeneutics to understand the background, while the Schleiermacher is not only heir to this angle. See Dilthey and Phenomemenology, edited by Rudolf A. Makkreel and Johon Scanlon, Universty Press of America, 1987, p. ix-x.
(26)See Heidegger 'Nietzsche 'Second volume, Sun Zhou Xing translation, The Commercial Press, 2002, P. 1154Page.
(27)'Art can go wrong :An Interview with Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Containing Ingeborg . Bleuel, etc. 'German philosopher Roundtable ', Zhang translation, Huaxia Publishing House, 2003, P. 95Page.
(28)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'On the volume, Hung H & translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1992, P. 21Page.
(29)Gadamer :'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 156-- 162Page.
(30)Gadamer :'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 158Page.
(31)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1992, P. 588-- 605Page.
(32)See the editor of the British side :Nicholas Bunnin, E. P. Tsui-JamesChina Editor :Hongyuan Yan, Han-Min-Qing 'Introduction to the contemporary Anglo-American philosophy 'On the books, Social Sciences Documentation Publishing House, 2002, P. 8Page.
(33)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 158Page.
(34)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 570-- 573Page.
(35)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 746Page.
(36)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 151P. 159Page.
(37)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'The concept of History and Philosophy of Language 'Containing Yan Ping editor 'Gadamer Set ', Shanghai Far East Publishing House, 1997, P. 157-- 159Page.
(38)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 747Page.
(39)Jean Grondin: Introduction to Philosophical Hermeneutics, Yale University Press, 1994, p. 121, 132-133.
(40)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 731Page.
(41)See Hans-Georg Gadamer 'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 630Page.
(42)Gadamer :'Truth and Method 'Second volume, Hung H & Translation, Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 1999, P. 606-- 621Page. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://eng.hi138.com