Papers Category:Philosophy Papers
- Ideological Philosophy Papers
Post Time:2011-8-23 11:29:00
Abstract: Historical experience has repeatedly shown that, regardless of nation-building or business development, productivity is the decisive force. To promote the development of productive forces is the primary prerequisite for full respect for human labor and its impact on the rational pursuit of interests, in order to arouse people's enthusiasm and creative, stimulating social vitality, promote the development of productive forces of the second force is the scientific and technological progress and development, development of productive forces decisive third force is a reasonable system construction. in terms of business managers, focusing on traditional Chinese philosophy in factors of production and productivity of the dialectical relationship between the thinking of the production-oriented enterprises to improve productivity has an important meaning of inspiration and reference.
Keywords: Traditional enterprise management philosophy and Productivity
"Productivity" (Overall Productivity from the content perspective, is the human conquest of nature, transforming nature in order to obtain information on the ability of material life, from the extension in terms of productivity, including labor, the object of labor and laborers, the three collectively, the "productivity of three elements. "achieve productivity goals can not be separated in four areas: Land (Land, Labor (Labor, Capital (Capital, Technology (technology, so productivity is the ability, but also as an entity of the" three elements "combined. forces determine the relations of production, which is a major discovery of Marx, according to this theory, the development of human society as the growth of bamboo, there are a number of intermediate nodes, each node is the history of the disintegration of social structures in various point of time, but also productivity in the development of social patterns in certain limits, therefore, to grasp the movement of human society, we must first clear the node development of productive forces. trichotomy productivity of factors of production is a basic economic principles, the principle applies to the ancient Chinese most productive period, such as the traditional philosophical literature on productivity <<Book • Tour>> to describe the productivity of three elements: "trip that time, pregnant with their capital, have servants Ching." "capital" that have said above, the capital of the "second" and "servants Ching" means the land and labor, respectively, while we can from the <<college>> records in the book shows the three elements of productivity, such as: "There Germany, this was, it was him the territory, have land, the wealthy have money, this useful. "in the" University>> factors of productivity: the first element is the virtuous person, the second element is the land The third element is the capital, and these three elements were in the modern enterprise resource management and productivity areas.
Production is the human, social and natural interaction between an organic process, therefore, the production itself to be continually expand, we must first have a production, exchange, distribution and consumption of this organic unity between the four, mutually reinforcing loop system there production only productive, productive and progressive development of enterprises have, so business managers must learn how to correctly use the value of productive resources to produce to meet customer demand for the purpose the West famous management guru Peter Drucker spoke of the productivity targets • pointed out that the goal is to make resources more productive productivity: Productivity is the management capacity of the first test, test whether the resources are exploited, how much of their output, not productivity target The company no direction, can not control. Productivity is an enterprise management in departments and with other enterprise management to compare the best standard, while the key factor is to measure the productivity that the use of resources and their income level, business managers to continuously improve productivity is the most important tasks, so business managers bear on the production resources into productive use of responsibility, which is the administrative functions of business managers, from an economic point of view, We call it a productive U.S. management guru Taylor in "scientific management theory" to remind the manager's ability is mixed, but everyone is doing for his work and tasks, there are eligibility requirements they can get a good income and gain dignity, while managers have the responsibility to find the most suitable for each person doing the work, and gives him the job, through the allocation of tasks, provide the necessary tools and knowledge, and adequate management support and training to help him improve performance, the staff more productive.
Spring and Autumn Period, in order to improve the social productive forces, the prime minister of Qi Guan Zhong from the wealth produced by the division of labor productivity ideas of the people are divided into four categories (referred to as "Simin": who, agricultural, industrial, commercial, and in accordance with the order of the National prepared separately, so that the "Simin" have entered their professional status, and from generation to generation, in addition to outstanding farmers who may ascend, the other person's career basically "immobilized." The result is conducive to people have accumulated their own professional experience, which to some extent, the social productive forces of progress. tube, said: "Si-min segment of society who, stone country people are not so complex at the. complex at the throat while his words, being to chaos. is So who will be teaching at in the busy Yan, farmers will be on the field at the villa, office workers will be on the official, business will be on the marketplace at ."(<< tube • Small Marina>> the implementation of separate residence, the persons at the "busy Yan "" make Fushi group extraction and state office, leisure Yan words meaning the parent and the parent, the child and the child made by filial piety, respect their Shijun Words, words love the elderly, young brother of those words. Danmu in this order to teach their children, few and Xi Yan, Yan their peace of mind, but no foreign body and move Yan. lumbered, his father and brother to teach, not Su made the school their children, not labor and energy "(<<Tube • Small Marina> > Thus, "Simin sub-industry" not only improve the social productive forces, but also to improve the "disability" of morality is very beneficial. Specifically, the farmers are concentrated in rural areas, "Danmu engaged in the field", with a combination of field , which is conducive to stability and development of agricultural production, craftsmen settled in the town focus, help to improve their production skills and professional level, more conducive to sophisticated equipment of their choice, thereby promoting the development of handicrafts. businessmen "on the marketplace." "Monitoring the village of goods, to know City Jia. bear any negative charge, clothes cow horse chariot to side on Thursday. how much material, namely, equal status, with its all, its not easy to buy your cheap vend '(< <tube • Small Marina>> business known sources, master product information, we can do without economic adjustment, active market. In short, the "separate residence" who can, agricultural, industrial, commercial Simin in its living in their respective geographical formation of a strong professional atmosphere and a wide range of technical exchanges, thus contributing to the rapid development of industries in a short time greatly improved the productivity of social organization, while the pipe is also considered the relationship between man and nature, not only only people passively adapt to the natural productivity <<Tube • degree of>> chapter in the day as a natural days, and that the nature of the movement change is regular, on this basis, in accordance with natural laws, pay attention play to people's initiative, in harmony with the natural world and to improve productivity, because in ancient agriculture is the main economic sectors of society, and received the same attention to the ruling class, but it was also the most dependent on the agricultural industry, the laws of nature, so the agricultural economy is mainly to follow the laws of nature in productivity mainly depends on natural conditions, the means of production and is very primitive and backward in the case, all behaviors have to be in accord with the laws of nature and act according to the season that makes sense of things. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com
For example, Qi close to the sea, lakes, rivers, and therefore, Qi the water as an important factor of production, emphasis on hydrology within the development and utilization: "Water has the size, another distance. water into the sea for the mountains who, Ming Yue by water in his water not water into the sea in the flood and who, Ming Yue branch water. Mountain ditch, no one has water, a water person, Ming Yue Gu water water out of his water, ditch flow in the flood and the sea who, Ming Yue River water to not flow out of those, Ming Yue deep water. The five water who, because of interest and to be also , which can also brief the rather long length are critical carry on. "The water features include:" When a man of water, high down the disease, as the boulders and the next to high, that is to stay and not work. it high on it, leading Ling's, there are three tenths feet in full forty-nine, the water can go also. is the literal-minded and much of its Road to the potential lines of the Water of the nature of the line to the song will stay back, full of the push before the ground is parallel to the high that control. "In order to better control the river, the river resources for use, Qi vigorously construct water conservancy projects, building a number of dikes:" Spring in March, the world is dry, the water correction out of when. mountains and dry off, weather conditions, to air on all traffic. the story is, things are not new, the grass weed, edible raw, cold and heat transfer, day and night hours, minutes later, the night is increasingly short, growing a long day , Li Gong matter for soil, soil is beneficial just Let Jiashi for the next flood embankment, on which large and small under, with the water line. There is not grass to those who, whom will bag, large those whom embankment, small in whom prevention. clip of water around, He Jia does not hurt, by the age of Pi, the tree with thorns, in order to solidify, the hybrid's in Bo Yang, to prepare for flooding ."(<< tube • degree>>
From the above literature can be seen, the tube that the "transfer of people and days," ideas reveals the basis of the social productive forces, that is human nature for production and productivity of one of the foundations, leaving the natural world offers to humanity a variety of means of production, human beings will not survive and thrive, while in increasing agricultural productivity, we must first act in accordance with the laws of nature, to follow the laws of nature, act according to the natural rhythm and rhyme to make good use of the natural environment and improving productivity.
In Chinese history, the Qing Emperor Kangxi also clearly recognized the importance of productivity: "Since ancient times, the model state for a long time security Changzhi, people did not dare to meet high priority. Will open up the field, cover more than possession, but its inexhaustible force, then the national mood and music, Yucheng Feng Yu Hang's big break. "Historical experience has repeatedly shown that, regardless of nation-building or business development, productivity is the decisive force, while the development of productive forces is the primary prerequisite for full respect for human the interests of labor and its impact on the rational pursuit, in order to arouse people's enthusiasm and creativity to stimulate social activity; development of productive forces of the second force is the scientific and technological progress and development, development of productive forces decisive third force is reasonable system construction. in terms of business managers, focusing on traditional Chinese philosophy in the factors of production and productivity of the dialectical relationship between the thinking of the production-oriented enterprises to improve productivity has an important meaning of inspiration and reference.
References:  (German) Marx <<Capital>> (Volume 1), Beijing: China Social Sciences Publishing House, 1983, p.
340.  Ren Toronto <<on Chinese philosophy in business management applications>> PhD thesis, Tsinghua University: 2010, p.
140.  (U.
S.) Peter Drucker • <<corporate strategy and business goals>> • Peter Drucker School of Management, 2005, p68.Productivity Is the First Test of Management's Competence. How well are resources utilized and how much do they yield? Without productivity objectives, a business does not have direction or control. Productivity measurements are the best measure for comparing managements of different units with an enterprise, and for comparing managements of different businesses. The first measurement of this crucial factor is productivity that is, the degree to which resources are utilized and their yield. The continual improvement of productivity is one of management's most important jobs.  that the country Yi <<Managers and organizations (case)>>, • Peter Drucker School of Management, 2006, p.
 which is to reduce training and vocational training expenses, the Western industrialized countries, many skilled workers but also from generation to generation, such as Germany and Japan, their country, many young people graduating from high school went to vocational school to learn and practice in technology, So they are high-tech products, quality, in a globalized market with a strong competitive edge.  Zhang Qin <<Kangxi Zheng to>> Beijing: Central Party School Press, 1994, p.
375. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com