On the Bukharin balance theory and its practical significance

Abstract: The the Bukharin balance on Ideological is a social theory of history, he will be considered basic categories of contradictions on balance, dynamic balance is a normal human society, the development of the productive forces is a fundamental factor to achieve social balance, progressive reform and fierce revolutionary way to achieve social balance. Bukharin balance on Ideological widely used in the Soviet Union's economic and social development and played an active role. Buha Lin Pingheng theory and its practical experience for our build a harmonious socialist society has important implications.

Keywords: balance theory, Bukharin, practical significance,

Bukharin is important Soviet-era Marxist theorist, made important contributions to the development of Marxist theory in which the the Bukharin balance on Ideological core idea of ​​Social History. Based on the equilibrium theory of Bukharin balance the social and historical development of the norm, any society through the development process of the destruction of the balance - balance - balance, which is the development of Marxism in the history of the first balanced perspective to look at the social history development and to explore the idea of ​​general laws of social and historical development, the formation of the equilibrium theory of the social history of the development of thinking, enriched and developed the Marxist theory of historical materialism. philosophical perspective, balance and harmony with similar philosophical heritage, Bukharin's balance theory thinking of building a socialist harmonious society in China has an important theoretical significance and methodology of revelation.

, As Bukharin social view of history core balance theory Bukharin contribution to Marxist theory are many, both capitalist economy through research and contribution to Marxist economics, but also by studying the theories of imperialism contribution to the Marxist theory of world history, as well as through the study of social and historical theory contribution to Marxist materialism which, at the core of social balance theory view of history is an important theoretical contributions to the development of Marxism in Bukharin. equilibrium theory, in essence, is a social theory of history, this is because the exposition of the doctrine of the balance theory around the general state of social development to explore the general laws of the historical development of human society. the Bukharin balance on Ideological mainly reflected in the following the writings: << transitional economics >>, << Historical Materialism >> >> << formulation Historical Materialism. Overall, the the Bukharin balance on ideological system mainly performance in the following four areas:
First, the balance is the basic categories of contradictions on balance is a dynamic balance, balance and contradictory dialectical unity in the the Bukharin balance of the balance does not deny the contradiction, the balance exactly in a contradictory movement as a precondition power when the contradiction between the two sides appear to balance each other, a state of equilibrium. the new imbalance inherent contradiction contradiction of both party strength changes, in the constant struggle of the force of the contradiction between the two sides, new balance in turn appear in contradiction of the body due to the contradiction between the two sides forces change, things precisely rendered "balance - imbalance - a new equilibrium" state of motion, "the balance has been established, and then was destroyed, and new re-established on the basis of, again destroyed, and so on ad infinitum. "[1] balance stable equilibrium and unstable balance two, and a dynamic balance, balance is the basic categories of dialectics, but also a basic concept of the contradictions of existence in the mineral sector, the organic world and human society in various fields.

Second, the the Bukharin balance on Ideological explore the balance of the human society. Bukharin balance theory research was mainly targeted at the human society, to explore the general law of development of human society, the general process of development of human society, social balance theory in essence, belongs to the part of the Marxist historical materialism. Bukharin, social balance is the basis for the existence of society, but also the social norm. society balance the first performance of the three basic components of society elements: people, objects, and the balance between the concept of the three, not the balance of the three, there is no existence of society. "not balanced, the society can not exist for a long time, to death, but this same social system can be in the "normal" state in the short term, that imbalance. "[2], balance is also a social norm, most of the time in the social development is in a state of equilibrium, which is the foundation of social development, and unbalanced state is the abnormal state of social development.

Third, in the balance of social thought Bukharin, the level of development of the productive forces is the fundamental factor of social balance. Social balance is a complex system, a variety of factors can affect the social balance. Many of these factors, the productivity is the most fundamental factors. Overall, Bukharin balance both the external balance and internal balance of society, the external balance is the balance of the social and natural systems, internal balance refers balance between the various elements of the society within the system. real balance is determined by the external balance of social the decisive external balance is labor and labor productivity. because of the labor situation, labor productivity and labor achievements determines social specific state of the environment, labor productivity reflects the situation between the society and the environment, society and nature. productivity system, most signs of social equilibrium instruments of labor, especially in science and technology marks the social and The relationship between the natural world. Bukharin this view the the final decisive role of Marxism Productivity concrete.

Fourth, of Bukharin's social balance is a dynamic balance, and this dynamic equilibrium, there are two basic ways: gradual reform and fierce revolutionary in two ways, the society continues to achieve a dynamic equilibrium. contradictory movement and Fight balance constantly suffered damage in the contradictions of the new struggle and movement, a new equilibrium emerging, This is contradictory process of struggle and unity of opposites, the dialectical movement process. essence, this dialectical movement and is closely related to the development of productive forces and production relations continue to disrupt the balance of society and the establishment of a new equilibrium, are caused by the development of productive forces, the superstructure and social factors such as changes occurred to adapt to the new development of the productive forces, and so it was the social balance and social balance destruction and social balance is regained.

Bukharin is not only in theory to construct a balanced Theory of Social History, also these ideas further applied to the reality of the field of economic and social development, the interests of balance theory to solve real social problems of economic and social development in the Soviet era to make an important contribution.

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Second, the Buha Lin Pingheng Theory of socialist construction in the Soviet Union in the use of Bukharin use its balance theory ideas to guide the Soviet Union's economic construction practice in the Soviet Union program planning of the national economy, the development of the socialist economy, the socialist economic structure transformation has played a positive role in the social and economic construction in the Soviet Union, Bukharin put great emphasis on the role of balance only in the state of balance of social, economic and social order The healthy development of the theoretical system to form the distinctive development of economic construction and the practice system.

First, the economic construction must be under the social equilibrium, which is the basic premise of the economic and social development. Specifically, is to achieve balance in all aspects of society in order to achieve the overall social balance, that industrial agriculture, heavy industry and light industry the balance of production and consumption, consumption and accumulation, plans and market, economic and political aspects of these aspects to maintain an appropriate ratio between each other and coordinated development, to achieve the economic and social health, sustained and stable development not only to to achieve a balance in all aspects of society, to achieve a balanced approach and means should be diverse, coordinated, promoted, rather than mechanical, monotonous. achieve the balance of economic and social aspects, not only have administrative means, should have legal means, not only have the economic means, but also inseparable from the moral means of various social classes, various industries, sectors, and regions of the whole society overall balance.

Second, to achieve the economic and social balance is the most fundamental requirement of taking economic construction as the central task of Bukharin, with particular emphasis on the role of productivity in the social balance. Based on this, in practice, the economic construction in the discourse of the balance theory thought has a crucial role in the balance of the whole society. "Once the war ended, the purely economic contradictions will inevitably sharp extreme. placed in front of the economic problems, the problems of the development of the productive forces, ... establish a proletarian and peasants the relationship between the economic aspects of the right, namely the establishment of a relationship of room for development productivity, very sharply to the agenda. "[3] Related to this is to establish and achieve economic construction as the center based domestic peace, unity, harmony, cooperation, once the society into a state of war, the development of productive forces, and taking economic construction as the center will be a fairy tale. Bukharin is not only pointed out here, the social balance The premise of economic construction, also pointed out that the premise of the economic construction of domestic peace and harmony, these two aspects of the relevant department for further reflect the Bukharin balance on Ideological.

Third, to achieve a balance in the economic construction, the economy is to achieve dynamic economic balance mode. Bukharin use the balance on Ideological and theoretical demonstration of Lenin's New Economic Policy, adhere to the idea of ​​a balance theory look at the Soviet Union's economic construction and industrialization road, against the so-called non-equalization of the economic development mode, any economic policies are only in society overall status in order to achieve However, the balance should be is a dynamic balance, argue certificate of balance. certain stage economic construction, industry and agriculture, consumption and accumulation, the plan is normal and the contradiction between the market, but this contradiction must reform the means to achieve a new balance in the practice of building socialism, the solution of these contradictions can not simply rely on administrative means of class struggle, and economic means, reform means not only pay attention to the speed of economic development, but also pay attention to the quality of economic development, and to increase the production of investment, but also to expand consumer input, the overall balance of the various aspects of the economic construction in the economic construction of the basic requirements of the Soviet Union's economic and social balance.

Bukharin's balance theory thinking on economic construction and economic and social development of the Soviet Union played an important role, this idea still has important theoretical and practical significance, especially for China is building a socialist harmonious society is an important enlightenment.

Buha Linping Heng On the ideological significance for building a socialist harmonious society in China within the dialectics system, balance in nature with the same provisions and harmony, social balance thoughts are with the implication of social harmony. Bukharin balance On the idea is to use balance within the Marxist theoretical system of social harmony theory has important theoretical Marxist historical materialism system status. Bukharin this social balance theory to build a socialist ideas for our The Harmonious Society has important theoretical significance and practical significance of the methodology.

Bukharin social balance theory thinking of building a socialist harmonious society for our country to have methodological enlightenment. Need to have a strong theoretical foundation building a socialist harmonious society, harmonious thinking of the ancient Chinese Marxist historical materialism are our theoretical basis for building a socialist harmonious society. Bukharin balance Theory advocates in all aspects of the community must be to achieve a balance, this methodology guidance for building a socialist harmonious society in China, that is a harmonious socialist society should realize the economic and political, people and nature, man and own all balance and Bukharin also advocated a balanced social development is the norm, but the balance is a dynamic balance between building a socialist harmonious society in China also has methodological significance, and that is to build social 'harmony should be a dynamic process, rather than overnight.

Second Bukharin's ideas advocated a balanced equilibrium theory is a dynamic process, and then the new equilibrium from balanced to unbalanced on China to build a socialist harmonious socialist practical significance is that building a socialist harmonious society is a continue to deal with and resolve social conflicts. harmonious society does not deny the existence of the contradiction, the contradiction between the existence of objective prerequisites for building a socialist harmonious society, the process of building a harmonious society is constantly dealing with social contradictions.

Third, Bukharin balance on Ideological emphasis on the role of productivity in the social balance, the biggest revelation given to building a socialist harmonious society, building a socialist harmonious society must persist in taking economic construction as the central task, because of the economic development, the development of the productive forces is the basis of social harmony, strong economic fundamentals and a solid level of productivity, achieve social harmony and become water without trees.

Bukharin's balance theory thinking, not only from a philosophical point of view to explore the general theory of the balance of the social history, economic balance, social balance a series of economic and social development thinking. Before Bukharin, Western sociology home have been scholars discusses the balance problems of social development, such as Spencer, 勃格丹诺夫, etc., but Bukharin the introduction of these ideas to the Marxist view of history, with a re-interpretation of the balance of the scientific theory of Marxism On , rich in ideas and the development of Marxist historical materialism, the traditional balance theory makes the new balance on Ideological everywhere Marx inherited most orthodox tradition of materialism and revolutionary perspective. [4]

References:

[1] Bukharin: << Historical Materialism >> Oriental Press, 1988, page 76.
[2] Bukharin: << Transitional Economics >> Oriental Press, 1988, page 114.
[3] Bukharin: << of Bukharin anthology >> on the books, Oriental Press, 1988, pp. 26-27.

[4] Bukharin: << Historical Materialism >> Oriental Press the preamble to the 1988 edition of the first two.

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