Chinese and Western music, art songs from aesthetic differences

Abstract: Often people will say: Art Without Borders, but in different aesthetic differences, the arts still has its own unique flavor, a thousand people's eyes have one thousand kinds of art interpretation and understanding of their own because the West their different social and cultural environment of soil, the Western Aesthetic accustomed analysis, China is accustomed to synthesis. by Western social background differences and characteristics of Western culture to explore, as well as songs from Chinese and foreign art aesthetic performance, you can see the Chinese and Western cultural system under two different ideas of beauty reflected in the music is different.

People often say "art without borders", but under a different aesthetic, art still has its own unique flavor, a thousand people's eyes have one thousand kinds of understanding and understanding of art and the West have their different social and cultural environment of soil, the Western Aesthetic accustomed analysis, China is accustomed to comprehensive, this way of thinking and expression in different ways, also led to differences between Chinese and Western music.

Differences between Chinese and Western music is the essence of cultural differences, mainly by Chinese and Western music played by a social function and role assumed due to the different cultures, so Chinese and Western art song art song two different ideological and cultural system under Music in the form of the embodiment of beauty is different.

I. Comparison of Chinese and Western art song
In << New Grove Dictionary >> Music and Musicians, the "art song" is defined as "a by professional composers and distinguished with folk, with serious artistic meaning of the song genre" in the << New Harvard Dictionary of Music >>, the "art songs" are further interpreted as "purposes as indoor concert songs, folk songs and pop music to distinguish it traditionally is to compose poetry music with lyrics highly literary, but also with most of the folk songs and pop songs differ Lieder accompaniment by the composer to develop creative, rather than adapted from the performer to improvise. "Western art music from the 19th century in Germany and Austria Romantic era songs and Chinese art songs, from the outset is drawing foreign art songs of expression as the basis for creation, but also pay attention to the country's national language, ethnic and national temperament combined with emotional expression according to the general sense of the definition, Chinese art songs Western music in the financial product, so far only about a hundred years in our history. birth of modern Chinese art songs on the one hand is affected by the influence of Western art songs, while the other party should be attributed to China's new culture Movement in the New Culture Movement, a group of Chinese culture foundation, in the creation advocating individuality, freedom and emotional expression movement in art and art of combining traditional Chinese culture, the achievements of Chinese art songs. Generally speaking, art song is poetry high degree of integration with the music musical art vector contains both poetic literary composition, but also has a strong musical body lyricism and singing, so Chinese art songs as stoic nation, with elegant, delicate, subtle intellect character traits, often with music language to describe the external environment and atmosphere, fresh and beautiful melody songs long, the combination of lyrics as China's painting, music and Chinese poetry show a combination of musical language, creating a " can only be felt, not explained, "the mood beauty.

Early 20th century produced modern Chinese art songs is a gem of our musical culture, Chinese art songs since its birth to today, the various historical periods in China have produced a large number of people was welcomed by the works, and these works great most distinctive characteristics of the times and the rich connotation, the image reflects the reality of the times in which life and thoughts and feelings. realism creative thinking has long been the leading composer of art songs ideology, by the ancient metaphor today, reflect the times and great rivers and mountains of the motherland and the good life Praise is always the Chinese art of songwriting main theme. early Chao, yellow self and others in the art song's creative practice, with regard to nationality as the goal, constantly absorbing fine Western culture, learn from Western compositional techniques, bold Chinese Art Songs of nationalization, so strive to create a Chinese national characteristics of modern art song is pursued in the direction of the composer in the Chinese art songs nationalization, the "historical, ocean is used, "inherit and carry forward Chinese Excellent music heritage and valuable experience, the essence of Chinese traditional culture and ethnic aesthetic taste, etc., while digging deeper and learn from foreign experience in the music and creative techniques and gain rich music creation nutrients and inspiration. Professor Luo Yifeng had to the nature of Chinese art songs summarized as the following aspects: the nature of chamber music with a clear, fun and elegant while the inner is the creation rather than the folk songs, form delicate and small, singing sound practice and controlled, with a poetic realm and deep emotional and personal sexual performance and aesthetic pursuit and pointed out that Chinese art songs of "human discovery" is the fundamental philosophy of existence, "immanence" is the aesthetic character elements, "little narrative" is the starting point of its creation, "fine" is the elegant cultural performance.

Chinese people believe in subtle expression in the music as well. Generally speaking, Chinese music creation theme preferences will be placed at the end, just as a poem describes it, "the long-awaited, still holds partly concealed . "while Western music emphasizes bold, is an open style, a theme began to appear, and then slowly elaborated specific content, there are shocking.

Throughout Western culture, is also not such a character can be like Jesus in art get so much performance in terms of music, love, tolerance, humility reveals a strong determination, and selfless dedication to mankind, Jesus Christ, to become generations of musicians focus on the performance of an aesthetic image, to become timeless music in an aesthetic ideal.

Western ancient Greek music reflects the motivation for the musical structure, Music Department, themes, phrases, music section and a variety of musical form, the Beginning explore various genres, namely to explore the meaning of their own and their role in the structure, explore them performance capabilities, etc., focusing on the internal structure from music to study music, exploring musical expressiveness and aesthetics of music, so Western art song content clear, concise techniques, creating quick and straight from the heart, it can quickly capture the moment emotions, make a distinctive musical works in a relatively short period of time to complete and vivid, touching.

Originating in Greece, after formal logic, greatly promoted and influenced the development of Western philosophy and science is precisely because the Greek form of logic is more developed, so future generations of Western art music musical form into the professional creative been conscious after the development of some of the folk songs, ballads, with a single, double and three body segments body Sec musical form, there rondo form, style variations, sonata form not only have a variety of genre structure, but also good at moderate use of various forms to express the kinds of feelings, thoughts, content.

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Second, in Western music aesthetic differences

Customs, historical allusions and other cultural barriers are cultural differences visible external representation, while its inner, invisible performance is due to differences in national psychology prototype in the West, people are more inclined to an ideology that religion and theology, so mysterious ancient Western religion has become the social basis for the survival and development of Western culture is essentially religious culture, while in the way of aesthetic aesthetic way of thinking in ancient China is "expensive not expensive Xie Tao" advocated aesthetic subject to enter the "Enlightenment" state of mind to experience the beauty and create beauty, requiring aesthetic subject in the "mind and matter would," "Feelings and cooperative" totally unity, to understanding the universe's life meaning and beauty of nature .

Specific differences between Chinese and Western musical aesthetic is mainly manifested in the following aspects.
1, in the West since the music geographical, ethnic and age differences, so Chinese and Western music, music aesthetics aesthetics are also differences. Chinese musical aesthetics is the source of Confucianism and Taoism's music aesthetics, chosen by the spring before bud Status of the many musical aesthetic point of view evolved in China two thousand years of the history of music aesthetics, music has always been to Confucianism and Taoism Aesthetic Thoughts for the mainstream. both the pursuit of musical harmony with nature,

The harmony between man and the universe, he stressed that "Hung Tin sound true." Life against bondage, bondage music, so Chinese musical aesthetic standards are feeling rather wild, have the desire but subtle. Chinese traditional aesthetics of Chinese music to create plays an important role in the pursuit of artistic conception of Chinese music, fuzzy hazy, in a subtle, indifferent, ethereal for the top grade, to lyrical and the pursuit of artistic conception of the main characteristics is its pursuit of the highest realm of mood, good mood can give views those who leave a good imagination, bringing the deepening ideological and emotional sublimation, while the process of development of Western aesthetics then there are two main schools of thought, namely, "discipline" and "On self-discipline theory." so-called "discipline On "to emphasize the beauty of the music by musical forms outside (including emotional social), which emphasized the type of content, the content determines form, namely emotional music aesthetics, and" self-theory "on the contrary, it emphasizes the beauty of music just from the music itself, the intrinsic beauty of form factor determines the music, emphasizing the musical content.

2, from the musical characteristics of the comparison, Western Yin Siwei different ways, in music exhibit different characteristics in short, China is "more than one use - heavy another western song dedicated to professionals - Heavy Original. "" more than one use "based on respect for the original style and original works habit of appreciation for the value orientation, only the creation of a" basic melody "little change, can give new meaning to the song." special song dedicated "depicts the individual works in pursuit of goals, both in the works or in the form of creative techniques, and are not repeated others, do not repeat yourself principle.

3, from the creation of musical works way point of view, the creation of China and the West are different traditional Chinese music creation mode, with a collective, a second creation of one of the characteristics such as so-called collective, refers to the works The cohesion of labor is not a composer's personal behavior. called a second creation of unity, refers to the creation, the composer or performer in one of the singer. composer is also the process of singing or playing, second creation is not a division of labor, with a strong improvisation. while Western music (mainly referring to the West for professional composers) creative way to have individuality, twelve creative separation characteristics. western musical works belonging to the composer self-employment and is, reflects the strong personality traits. Meanwhile, in a separate state was on the second creation, that the composer's complete music creation is just nothing.

From aesthetic to observe in Western music we find exquisite works of Chinese music mood, the spirit, emphasizing the creation of wonderful, strength of character, focusing on the performance of the subtle, mildly, like the art form and in moderation. While Western music beginning with strong religious flavor and color moralization, manifestations relatively fixed, often giving a sense of the sacred and solemn With its own development, Western music gradually added and the reality on the breath of life, straightforward expression of feelings, intense, with a strong emotional performance capabilities. to the 20th century, the Western bizarre musical phenomenon has been difficult to understand and accept, however, China will be the art of songwriting literature Chinese poetry, Chinese folk songs and traditional European techniques, techniques of traditional Chinese music Modern creative techniques combined together to form a colorful style with Chinese national characteristics and art songs. European art world, this time by Oriental culture moisture and gradually penetrate into Europe's cultural taste and life, while the European China's interest in music composer, also started from exotic performance out with the subject matter. opened a Western cultural perspective, setting off a wave of "Chinese culture fever."
In short, with the growing internationalization of cultural development, diversity, the pursuit of multi-level, high-grade spiritual enjoyment has become a social fashion, with fashion taste, elegant style of art songs of their aesthetic value and gradually people's attention, making art songs in People enjoy the spirit of the space has been an unprecedented boom due to different social and cultural backgrounds, bringing music creation technique and aesthetic differences, our Art Songs is in connection with the constant collision of European culture blend, learn the essence of Western music at the same time, fully affirmed its native resistance, while maintaining the original style based on gradually learn and progress.

References:

[1] Li Shuming. Chinese art songs theory [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Music Publishing House, 2009.

[2] Ye Lang. Aesthetic principles [M]. Beijing: Peking University Press, 2009.

[3] HE Zhen. Cultural differences and challenges [M]. Beijing: Peking University Press, 2006.

[4] Wang Dengfeng, Cui H. Interpretation of Chinese Personality [M]. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, 2005.

[5] Cai Jizhou from the way of thinking of Chinese and Western musical comparison - about Chinese music research and creation of philosophical reflection [J]. Music Research, 2002, (3).

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Aesthetic Papers