Tianjin, North China labor force of the basic status of Paper Keywords: Tianjin Jixian, labor, employment, a status quo, the basic status (a) rural labor force Jixian Jixian rural labor employment levels in 2007, Jixian rural labor force 357,688 people, rural employed 331,704 people , accounting for 92.7% of the rural labor resources; rural surplus labor force of 25984 people, accounting for 7.3 percent of the rural labor resources. Since 2001, Jixian rural labor employment rate has been rising, and maintained at 92%, compared with the rate of 96.77% of urban employment levels did not differ much.
(B) Jixian rural employment structure can be seen from Table 1, 2001-2007, Jixian rural labor force grew by 16,076 people, including industry, construction, transport storage and post and telecommunications increased by 8973,16567 and 5045, while agriculture Piling accommodation and catering industry and other industries decreased 10790,816 and 2903 people. Labor force in the industry, increase or decrease, the largest increase in the number of construction, an increase of 52.15%, the largest number of agricultural reduction, a decline of 6.34%.
2001 to 2007, although the agricultural labor force accounts for the structure of the rural labor force rose from 53.9% down to 48%, but the share of the agricultural labor force in the employment structure in the proportion continued to hold the first in the construction industry to absorb the amount of labor in second place, industry ranked third. Construction employment increased rapidly the number of labor force, the proportion of the labor force structure from 10.1% to 14.6% over the same period the proportion of the industrial labor force employment structure from 12% to 14.1%.
Table 1 2001 2007 Jixian rural employment structure Unit: million,%
Year Total Agriculture Industry Construction delivery warehousing, post and telecommunications industry, wholesale and retail, accommodation and catering other numbers the proportion of the number of share Number of share Number of share Number of share Number of share Number of share 2001
(Iii) and Tianjin Jixian rural employment structure comparison can be seen from Table 2, in the employment structure, Jixian agricultural labor force accounts for the local rural labor force accounted for 48%, while Tianjin Tianjin rural labor force agricultural labor force accounts for the proportion of 41.88%. Jixian high proportion of agricultural labor force, to change this phenomenon needs further adjustment of industrial structure.
Jixian construction, warehousing and delivery of post and telecommunications, wholesale and catering industry labor accounted Jixian rural labor force is higher than the proportion of the labor force accounted for the industry of Tianjin Tianjin rural labor share, to a certain extent reflects the Jixian development advantages in terms of the respective industry. But Jixian Jixian industrial labor force accounted for the proportion of the rural labor force was 14.1%, far below the industrial labor force accounted Tianjin Tianjin rural labor force proportion 29.47%, reflecting the industry to absorb labor Jixian low number of industrial development lags reality to a certain extent.
Table 2 2007 Tianjin Jixian and rural employment structure Compare Unit: million,%
Region Total Agriculture Industry Construction delivery warehousing, post and telecommunications industry, wholesale and retail, accommodation and catering other numbers the proportion of the number of share Number of share Number of share Number of share Number of share Number of share Jixian 33.17
Second, the self-employed farmer in Jixian Jixian own business mainly involves four aspects of private business, individual industrial and commercial, rural breeding industry and rural tourism in the region, including in the field of local self-employment and entrepreneurship.
(A) private business private business has developed rapidly in Jixian 2000 - In 2006 the number of households by the 426 private business development to 1250, the number of employees 3929 people to 17653 people, the development of private industry and commerce effectively promote employment.
(B) the individual business according to the 'Tianjin Statistical Yearbook 2007', in 2006 Jixian individual industrial and commercial households 12075, number of employees 21191 people.
(C) rural breeding industry in 2007 implemented a ten county park construction of agricultural facilities, agricultural facilities on both sides of the high-speed ferry thistle with steady progress in building a new facility agriculture 6400 acres, with a total area of 6.99 hectares. Agricultural facilities, large breeding is not only a typical business, and increasingly become the main way to solve the employment.
(Iv) current county rural tourism farm house tourism development to the 11 towns, 70 Professional Village, 1100 farmers, developed a number of tourism professional village. In 2007 tourism revenue 370 million, an increase of 25.48 percent over the previous year; received 5.6 million tourist trips, an increase of 11.85 percent over the previous year; farmhouse inn where tourists 770,595 passengers, an increase of 56.32 percent over the previous year, income 67,255,000 yuan, compared with last year increase of 53.41%.
Third, the rural labor force status of Jixian analysis (a) the level of per capita income levels and the level of employment is not significant, but is associated with the development of the secondary industry was significantly in Jixian county towns, and states are taking over the town, the tertiary industry is well developed so that the net income per regarded as a high level, but industrial development is relatively slow in Jixian. For example, an increase in the value of the structure, county towns, states have the added value of the tertiary industry reached the town of 62.69% and 62.74%, while the value added of the secondary industry was 29.2%, 30.1%. This shows the level of per capita income and the level of employment is not significant, but relatively slow due to industrial development, to some extent, a direct result of lower employment rates.
Inconsistent (b) the structure of employment and output in the order of the proportion of the order of the proportion of the labor force in the employment structure, the proportion of agricultural labor ranks first, followed by construction, industry; and in the composition of output value, the output value of the secondary industry to higher than the first industry. Currently Jixian primary industry labor force employment structure in the proportion of 48%, while the proportion of primary industry in rural Jixian value added structure was only 18.95%; secondary and tertiary industries the proportion of the employed labor force was 28.7% and 23.3% but the proportion of the added value of the structure, respectively, 34.28% and 46.76%.
On the second industrial output value constituted, the industrial output value accounted for more than 90%, but the number is lower than the industrial construction industry to absorb labor. Increase in construction employment in the labor force is based on the rapid development of the construction industry, building materials abundant resources and advanced building materials industry and the labor force out of employment, entrepreneurship awareness for the development of the construction industry provides the foundation in 2007, construction companies Jixian output value reached 1.53509 billion yuan, of which 253.652 million yuan to complete the other provinces.
(Iii) and Tianjin Jixian different employment structure of the rural labor force, the internal differences in the structure of employment in particular is the second significant industry in rural employment structure in Jixian primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry the proportion of the labor force was 48 %, 24.9%, 27.1%, Tianjin primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry the proportion of the labor force was 41.8%, 37.68%, 20.44%. Visible, Tianjin absorb rural labor force is higher than the secondary industry tertiary industry, with the Jixian opposite. Especially in the internal differences in the employment structure of the second industry is remarkable, and Tianjin Jixian rural labor force in industrial employment share of 49.2% and 78.2%, respectively, the second industry labor force.
(Iv) has its advantages in resources, employment in the industrial base, the traditional heritage and policy-oriented industry has increased Jixian resources to develop agriculture, tourism, transport sand and gravel mining, shale brick products and other building materials production, and some have developed for the industry, and achieved good economic benefits. For example, Jixian shale brick products production has become a climate, in 2007 the production of purple shale Jixian products 893.69 million, an increase of 21.7%, product sales profit rate State Central Shale Products Co., Ltd. reached 19.4%, the index of industrial enterprises It is quite high. As to the industrial and economic advantage of the resource advantages, coupled with the support of appropriate policies, advantages in resources, industrial base, industry, entrepreneurship and increase employment in the traditional heritage and policy-oriented, the corresponding increase in the number of venture industry will further drive employment. Through the relevant policies of the current self-employment and industrial restructuring combined, not only to solve their own businesses and employment, but also to adjust the industrial structure to be effective.
(V) the number of independent entrepreneurs will continue to increase this judgment is based on their own business environment is becoming increasingly optimized. Seventeenth Party Congress report clearly stated the need to improve support for their own businesses, self-employment policies to promote entrepreneurship to create jobs so that more workers to become entrepreneurs. Jixian issued a 'encourage and promote the views of the people start their own businesses,' from the relaxation of access conditions, provide financial support to foster an entrepreneurial culture in 10 areas and innovative spirit, etc., formulate preferential policies and measures to promote entrepreneurship and create a favorable environment for All . Support farmers in their own businesses, this year will be issued silver certificates cooperative micro-credit more than 200 million yuan, 40 million yuan has been paid, has been helping more than 800 households in the development of breeding industry, to increase 16 million yuan. In addition, self-employed farmers to mobilize the enthusiasm, entrepreneurial enthusiasm rising. To fully exploit the masses around entrepreneurship typical in the county to carry out a wide range of self-employment model contest, selected from more than 200 self-employed model of private enterprises, individual industrial and commercial, rural breeding industry and rural tourism in four categories, and deeds report group consisting of grassroots tour report, greatly mobilized the entrepreneurial enthusiasm of cadres and the masses.