Papers Category:Literature And Art Papers
- Art Theory Papers
Post Time:2013-3-18 11:05:00
Abstract: Buddhist statues in China is a kind of art, polyiso changing its image caused by the rise of Buddhism, Buddhist Sculpture flourished, such as the statue of the Dai and his son Art, as represented by Gu Kaizhi painted like art, Buddhist statues themes and techniques of Chinese painters artistic creation. article by the nationalization of the Buddhist statues, Buddha statues of male feminine human Buddhist statues and Buddhist carvings theme Taoist legends combined analysis of four aspects, which embody China The reality of the Buddhist statues aesthetic and artistic.
Keywords: Buddha Statues artistic reality
China is a Buddhist country rife with Buddhist statues also look different shape from the initial India into Westerners to the later completely Asians image reflect the reality of Buddhist statues aesthetic and artistic. Tang Dynasty Buddhist statues mostly Jiafu Zuo the Buddha and reliance seated Buddha statues patterned and decorative beauty wave bun and Luo Ji as the main decorative image the main Buddha made like the early influence of the Indian Buddhist statues dressed mostly Gandhara style through shoulder coat, the late master Buddha statues clothing and more bare right cassock or double collar drop cassock based. compared Bodhisattva statues and statues, Bodhisattva statues more plump and healthy physical beauty, their hair high arched topless tink tilt dressed body skirt close to the body was "S" shaped, with the body showed the grace of the twists and turns, become a common feature of the Tang Dynasty Bodhisattva statues. Buddha seat to the waist Xu Mizuo master, up and down the Fang, owl and pot door decoration accessories has become increasingly complex, the Buddha bed-based simulation life real furniture. "Kaiyuan three persons the Emperor Xuanzong been spread Tantric Buddhism flourish, "Tang secret statues gradually large number appear larger difference in its image and future generations" steganography statues, mainly reflected in the statues, then be mass casting the spread to future generations, it is worth attention.
, Nationalization of Buddhist statues of Buddhist from India into Buddhist statues early in the grotto, its retained most of the image of India figures image characteristics: Westerners face, high nose, deep-Orbital curly hair, even the beard is also curls, clothing design, by the side of the dew right arm and bare chest traditional Indian shawls dress, which is because Buddhism is initially introduced into China, the Chinese people out of the respect and admiration of the Buddha God dare tamper with the image of the Buddha.
With the development of Buddhism in China, the Northern Wei Dynasty, the form of Buddha statues gradually turned to nationalization, its just a bit of a local change artisans in the making of the Buddha statues as just the dress of the Buddha into Sinicization, most reserved forward the original image of the Buddha, the face is still retained the original the Buddha statues Western faces.
More quickly due to the rapid development of the Northern Wei Emperor Xiaowen the Taihe restructuring, Buddhism, Buddha statues Nationalization image is more evident. Especially Western Wei period Buddha statues, Buddha statues the nationalization image has basically turned Han, their faces as typical Chinese people face: the face of lean, neck items slender, get rid of the high nose and deep eye sockets Western face character image, clothing Buddha cross collar 襦 as inside the ride, chest belted for Summary jacket with traditional Han breasted clothes style robe Bodhisattva statues of nationalization image becomes more apparent, the crested high shoe and praise clothing Bo with the Southern Dynasties literati image unfolded until after the Tang Dynasty, the Buddha statues have been completely nationalization artisans from Buddha the faces of the statues, clothing, image transformation according to the traditional ideals of the Chinese people the aesthetic and habits aesthetic Buddhism to the Tang Dynasty have been completely China nationalization and secularization, that at this time the Chinese Buddhist statues from India has been completely Buddhist statues nationalization. Links to free papers Download Center http://eng.hi138.comtwo Buddha statues of male feminine Buddha this phase, only a sustenance of people thinking.
Since no phase, no gender, in order to let the faithful believer requires entities, craftsmen were initially produced in male-dominated. the Indian Bodhisattva and Buddha statues are dominated by men, into our country, due to China's national cultural characteristics, Buddha statues becoming more and more feminine, Tang Bodhisattva and Buddha statues feminine has unfolded the Losana Buddha is the male feminization of prominent representatives, Indian Buddhism of Losana Buddha Statues are male, while the Longmen Grottoes the Losana Buddha Longmen Grottoes Lushena Buddha the statues imitation Empress Wu Zetian image, its instrumentation, demeanor, body artisans are processing become feminine image. Kong Haoli its surface, containing the Air if laugh, facial and Wyatt, curved eyebrow cheek, genteel, honest, dignified body Gentle, Chinese female beauty characteristics are manifested. sculpture craftsmen to the Buddha's words, "the Merciful, the moon, such as Day" charitable speech standards of feminine traits as Buddha statues. Bodhisattva statues of the Tang Dynasty period is in accordance with the real-life to do the beautiful young Nvbi image, has been completely by the male becomes feminine, which is called "Art comes from life. Bodhisattva at this time have lost the majesty of God, become a graceful, charming gorgeous -women. similar situation exists not only in the Grotto, an entire category of Buddha statues mostly to the image of women. Overall, the Chinese Buddha statues of male feminine since the Northern and Southern sky, the Tang dynasty, height, after the Buddha statues feminine stereotypes. Chinese Buddha statues Male feminine transition phenomenon is most evident, and a variety of versions for men and feminine phase transition.
: "Bodhisattva should have been asexual, just spiritual pursuit, to get people to worship, dependent only produced by the book describes the statue. due to the social status of the male, originally established male-dominated, because the Buddha merciful hearts and kindly face looked gentle and loving face, quiet Peugeot's attitude, jeweled decoration, so that future generations on the image tends feminine understanding and performance. "In another example, this reflects the vigorous development of the art of the Tang Dynasty Buddhist carvings, art from living artists the Buddha theme from when realistic image of the times people further reflect the prevailing social morals during the Tang Dynasty Empress Wu sculptors have deliberately image of Buddha statues and Empress Wu emperor combine, that benignant prominent Buddha statues, but also reflect the caring things look and wisdom of love, but also shorten the 'God' and ' people 'distance, so the Buddha as nothing can not confidant in trust apart and there is no lack of respect. "these explanations have a certain road, comes down in the end, the Buddha statues Male feminine phenomenon is subject of Taoism advocates female concept.
Third, the the Buddhist carvings theme and Taoist legend combining Buddhist themes from life, combined with the deification and idealism, Chinese Buddha statues art forms, tend to improve the status of women, as well as the legendary Taoist themes, such as Buddhism. shaping the example of the four kings: four kings in India, Buddhism known as the Four Heavenly Kings "Care World", they were living in the mountains Sumeru guardian of each party to the world, before our Buddha statues of the Tang Dynasty, the image of the four kings and the Indian Buddhist image substantially similar general for wearing helmet armor, armed with all kinds of weapons and military commanders. Tang Dynasty after four kings place entirely change the image of Northern smell the King's image completely guarding the frontier in the Tang Dynasty generals Li Jing, his hand resting his image on behalf of the pagoda, another handheld the only Chinese Late Antiquity The only only weapons "Fangtianhuaji," is typical of the famous "Tota Lee King" functions North smell kings become Taoism Jade Emperor heavenly days will be the commander-in-chief duties in charge of all the heavenly days.
The Chinese the Buddhist carvings theme in the cultural phenomenon interchangeable Buddhist figures and Taoism posts such as the Song Dynasty, many temples, Buddha, Confucius and Lao Tzu tied sit, let people worship actually enshrined Another example of Buddhist temples Taoist believe in SongZi Goddess statues, which are a very common phenomenon. the Buddhist carvings theme and Taoism integration of Buddhist fusion of sculpture in Buddha statues arts not only, or the entire Chinese culture integration.
Fourth, the human world of Buddhist statues, the so-called secularization. Secular heaven Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, from myth into people's lives, the God of earth, this is another in the history of Chinese Buddhist themes and statues characteristics. Buddhist slogan guidelines for people to do good things, after death, to enter the surreal bliss. centered their aim is good. purposes, one is to become the spiritual sustenance of the people under the oppression of the ruling class, the people through faith in the future hope, the political objectives of the ruling class, to consolidate his position by the unity of the monarchical and theocratic Buddhist themes are mostly chosen life trivia adapted from, on the one hand is to inspire people to learn Buddhas, do more good deeds, liberal kindness the other hand, Buddha is also imaginary, wonderful the product. therefore, Buddha statues are also bound also earth based.
Any artist who lives in a shared social environment affected and constrained by the social life at the same time, they are in terms of land creation of Buddhist statues from the life of environmental figures, can not completely rely on their own imagination created their works traditional nation-state bound to human and social life of the Chinese nation is a main emphasis on practical and real life, some foreign culture only take the secularization of the road in order to settle down in China.
In short, the feudal dynasty, rulers in order to consolidate its dominance trumpeted divine right to expand the impact of Buddhism in the hearts of the people, and actively build a temple temple, dug grottoes, carved statues. These statues blood, sweat and wisdom of a large number of migrant workers and masons crystal, art crystalline carving craftsman and painter who is also the Chinese dynasties, or left to future generations of history extremely precious artistic heritage, but also reflects the Buddhist statues aesthetic reality and artistic.
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