[Abstract]: Article experimental teaching art materials science course as a case study in a comprehensive art education in how to properly integrate and reconstruct the teaching resources, so as to improve the presence of a single tendency in the past teaching and students' creativity in the problem of low asked the diversity of teaching may try the program was practical experience for art education researchers to explore.
Contemporary arts education is to enhance the humanities, cultivating innovative talents as the goal, which requires art to teach workers should be strengthened in the process of implementation of teaching art education philosophy, with particular emphasis on the course structure optimization and adjustment. Course structure often directly reflects the cultivation specifications to determine the structure of knowledge, talent, ability to structure and quality structure is to improve the talent key to the quality of our courses. past, there are some heavy professional, too small and light Humanities, re-skill, light theory, polyclinics, professional narrow-surface phenomena, is not conducive to the overall development of students. According to the modern development of the subject as a whole, comprehensive trend requires educators should actively pay attention to the course of the internal structure adjustment and optimization, to promote the further deepening of the teaching, and help students play self-initiative.
One from the Western art education and the creation of the status quo, visual art has to accommodate a variety of interdisciplinary come, interdisciplinary mastery, artistic creation presents a growing trend of diversification, not only to absorb the nutrients of Oriental Art, still in the original have been introduced based on photography, audio and video, information, multimedia art, visual art and other contemporary art forms cross-over study, such as literature, music, theater, dance, film, etc. In addition, there is the intersection of art and technology integration ⋯ ⋯ media is a product of modern art change from aesthetic ideas, methods, media and techniques closely around the traditional change carried out, which express a modern art process, modern life views of Russian artist Vladimir Tatlin as early as in the 1920s proposed material era "of materials that information" famous art fully bathed in favor of mechanical technology, to the "dynamic" The characteristics of the various forms of art has become the center of attention, a new era of aesthetic.
Art and interdisciplinary fusion cross research in contemporary international variety of large-scale visual arts exhibition, has been a common occurrence. Starting material media this clue, further study of the creation and teaching of contemporary art, art materials science is our current art education toward contemporary an attempt footsteps. believe With the launching of the practice, the passage of time, such an attempt is bound by its adoption of new materials and media, bringing deeper artistic concepts of change, so that the range of artistic expression more widely.
Our art institutions began to emerge from the early 20th century, the comprehensive "first fusion of Chinese painting and Western painting, art experimental course" Materials "end of the 20th century opened with a new awareness of the arts institutions to seek the Fine Arts combination of new courses and interdisciplinary teaching model such as the Central Academy of Fine Arts opened its experimental art studio, the Sichuan Academy of Fine Arts and the Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts opened a contemporary art experimental course most usually a traditional art teaching training method take has created a good style, language and media teaching, so that students fully grasp the various possible master painting techniques, students learn how much skill is the main, but the ability to "create" is the future of things.
This only passing skills Communication Arts teaching mode result is that students in art activities long after low creativity, our arts education. Shenzhen University Art art materials science courses based on the status quo of the current art education, intends to try a new experiment in education classes, its essence is an integrated authoring experimental course, the purpose is to expose students to diverse forms of artistic creation, research means the creation of multi-material multi wake the students artistic perception of external things, the development of artistic creation potential of the students, so that students understand the richness of artistic expression in the wider cultural scene and diverse selective, learn to explore and discover, develop students' comprehensive ability to create and actively seeking new teaching methods in the teaching.
Therefore, this is not an ordinary laboratory class multi-disciplinary teaching methods favor ideas and broaden their horizons, improve comprehensive grasp of students in the creative process and multi-party cooperation and coordination capacity, focusing on students' understanding of the creation of the screen design and social factors associated research, attention to history, as well as the depth of student thinking dug teaching students how to think observation, rather than simply how to do it! Painter Chen Xinmao once in a nutshell:
"The art material science curriculum is a window of arts education, through the window, allows us to reach understanding and study of modern and contemporary art." (1) Materials is neither an art genre, nor is it some kind of art ', but, it entered the world of modern art and post-modern art in China, there is still a direct sense, synthesis of artistic expression has become a pioneer of avant-garde works of art.
Two ideas of our "Art materials science" course teaching objectives very clear: First, it should be contemporary, organic combination of contemporary society, second, pay attention to the teaching of science, rather than base teaching can be arbitrarily Third, it should be to inspire students' creative thinking for the main purpose of the fourth, it will be integrated various training methods of the fine arts categories, emphasizing the understanding of art and painting body, the difference between the play down all kinds of painting, eventually effectively highlight the creators personal understanding of art, thereby enhancing the quality of the learners, independent creative ability.
Courses early, and actively guide students while clear overall framework and structure, but also the design elements and materials at the micro will decompose and combination (such as Zhong Xi teacher paper this creation basic elements, according to the shape of the element with the requirements, divided into multiple senses degrees, students make full use of various material texture paper and imagination, intuitive experience of the students of the paper and its tools and modeling space, Lenovo creative performance awareness and ability to break a simple theoretical description using deconstruction refactoring, etc., to enable students to experience along the different intuition, creativity, experience and understanding ⋯ ⋯ re-creation, and to explain the variety of styles of the art system, a variety of different art and cultural courses out of the traditional the inherent modes, to encourage students to make comprehensive use of painting, sculpture, installations, photography, video method, using different materials to express independent ideas of their own desires, both activate their creative thinking, but also improves the students cultural discernment and critical force.
Encourage students to take the initiative to think about the relationship between intellectual learning and experimental teaching to solve the practical problems of the contemporary culture, helping them to realize their full potential, to achieve a balance between the professional skills indicators and multiple perspectives of contemporary ② The course this need our teachers have the resources and capacity for innovative thinking teaching knowledge structure have higher requirements.
On the other hand, in terms of artistic expression method of teaching, the most fundamental is to evoke has a different temperament, to students individualized reaction, in order to form a creative atmosphere, to guide students in only the creation of such ingenious creation. Before The "real" we ask students to determine their inner self-confidence, and ultimately find its own direction.
Different to the students of the different methods of performance quickly react differently toward different directions development are very sensitive to the reaction of some contrast between dark and light, while others body, rhythm, color proportion and structure, texture, space dimension to the volume respond rapidly. Thus, we can assume that a student is "color" type, another student, compared with the "rhythm" type "metal" type "fur" type, and so on.
Between these types, there are few obvious boundaries. Variety to the comprehensive staggered combine to determine a person's quality through the use of this method of guiding students to use the medium of expression, we managed to grasp the potential of the individual student capacity.
Three had taught at the Bauhaus Eaton Professor indescribable: there is no field of human activities like teaching, can play such an important role in only those teachers with education genius, will respect and protect a child talent , the miraculous ability to respect the human capacity throughout the teaching throughout.
Education is a daring adventure, especially arts education even more so - because it involves the creation of the human spirit. Wisdom of the people, especially the natural intuitive wisdom, I think in terms of a real educators to vital wealth, the real educators need to recognize and develop his talents and temperament of the students.
If a teacher is only based on the syllabus developed by the pundits, the use of teaching methods learned in Teachers College, This is like a just the prescription dispensing pharmacist, he never can not become a real doctor. ④ in society knowledge explosion, the knowledge surge, the traditional concepts of education of the people undergoing tremendous change. role of teachers will no longer be the main disseminators of information, or a well-organized presentation of the knowledge system, its main responsibilities should be teaching students into guide students as the basic ability to develop students' ability to access information.
Teaching some hardware and software restrictions, can not conduct large-scale experiments, but advocated giving top priority, and plane combined with space in some stage of learning, the symposium of the device and small devices work assignments, teaching important part.
In the teaching of art, often encounter "can only be felt, not explained" phenomenon, in this case, the abstract language alone, easy to make students afraid of difficulties retreat, suppression of thinking, even loss of confidence in learning when need teachers involved in a direct and emotional way to learn them, existing materials such as the application of students, help students gradually improve their work and a new perspective to guide students to think about the work, application of changing thinking, multi-angle Look for the creation of a new point.
The language is more complex materials in the creation of contemporary art, often unexpected material language is selective cooperation of artists and designers, this language in the beginning of creation, and may also be generated in the whole process of the creation.
In the past, plastic arts professional teaching is to establish appropriate "Sketch - copying - sketching - last into the creation of the" program and now we have to be aware of the advantages and disadvantages of this teaching system and method. Art materials science courses and not stressed sketching with copying it the most important way is to start by "constitute" a plane constitute half facade constitute, a facade, color composition, ink composition, the images constitute ⋯ ⋯ are tightly styling elements around two core materials, media materials constitute the practice into the level of use of integrated material creation but, "constitute a" class courses and essentially different, its core is the most basic of artistic creation start, the combination of training, the students' creative thinking are inspired by the combination of elements including shape, color, material, composition and performance methods training, teaching methods that reflect the modern aesthetic ideas.
Practice and study of such a foundation can be the most superficial art attempts, as the "jigsaw puzzle" can also direct access to the research and creation of high-level, abstract painting, inspired by the potential of students and creative thinking.
To constitute the main teaching methods, we also design the training of the topic, and for emotional expression, the expression of the theme, expressed in the form of training method, although diverse, but the highlight of the Proposition understand and master the art itself. Material abstract expression of feeling through material specific visual form and tactile forms to convey to mankind, or more precisely, the human visual form of the material and tactile form, its psychological reactions such as numbness of wood, iron and steel strong, cold, comprehensive material art being reflected in the design of multi-concept art and ideas, artistic concept of multi-materials and diverse integrated, both "understanding" of each other, supporting each other we let students in teaching in the art of multi-concept, how the experience of the material from the carrier to self-expression and the concept of performance.
4 To sum up, art materials science courses in teaching methods improved the following points: First, the use of open teaching methods to foster students' awareness and ability to innovate, and to make a fuss on tapping the potential of the second, highlighted each a student's personal characteristics, emphasizing that everyone is different from the other person's place, which is the starting point for the students to create art, artistic creation successful foothold from reality, from the beauty of the material itself and contrast, looking inspiration. Constructivist Teaching Outlook creative teaching more its fit.
Regardless of any discipline, the cultivation of creativity and inspiration are important teaching objectives, creative thinking activities already quite stressed learner subjectivity highlight, constructivism consistent emphasis on the epistemological stance, teaching over demonstration creative activities and will not be flooded or imitate them in the teaching activities, learners have been encouraged constructivism advocated discussion and group teaching, students, work reports and interactive comments Appreciation activities in stressed The ongoing creative curriculum.
In summary, the performance of individual cognitive development and creativity development emphasis, and inject new vitality, creativity, teaching art education from another orientation to enable students to dialogue on an equal footing in the creative process of teaching and teachers, creative results in order to contribute to the teaching curriculum resources in the field of integration, we hope, on some of the emphasis on the creative arts courses, arts education research or teaching may further for the form and content of the different artistic creation to the research as a foreshadowing The nature of the case, further explore the types of relationships in the art of teaching.
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