How art set design stage

A stage set structure appear

The first theater in the world in the 6th century BC in Athens --- Daiounisi, then theater will have dioramas such as rocks, altar to the Roman period, the theater began opening curtain from horse architect Vitruvius << Building Ten Books >> that has appeared on the stage of the ancient Greek and Roman theater the triangular prism King "and classified scenery.

Medieval Europe, dramatic scenery began to apply the same stage more than King "in the form, that the story needs different attractions," same station "and set in a venues. Medieval stage, often make use of stage organ device, Magic changes and special effects.

The beginning of the 16th century, Europe set off the Renaissance, stage set design has since become a professional. Papers knowledgeable proscenium stage and perspective scenery became popular, Focus Lens, and a variety of modeling tools in integrated application stage. Proscenium stage form the illusion of perspective scenery, and promote the development of the realism of some of the great artists of the time, such as up to Vinci, Raphael, and have participated in the design of stage scenery Since then, there has been a complete side curtain system with three walls scenery.

Modern Western, as technology continues to progress, mechanical stage with these modern technological means of sound, light, electricity introduction stage. Stage design sets the structure of personality performance reinforces the plastic arts and theatrical arts in a more comprehensive set design, performance The spatial structure of creation has become the main topic of the stage set design.

Stage art history figurative scenery try early in the Qin and Han "Music and Dance" BaiXi ", has a hand-held props, beautiful clothing and moveable scenery; Song Dynasty, the stage set and pyrotechnics, acrobatics phase combined, there has been an explosion, smoke, fire-breathing effect; According to Zhang Dai << Tao Dream Recollection • Liu Jihui Women play >> recorded performances << the Tang emperor Tour moon >> activities King film sound effects and lighting with performances curtain opened, the stage seems like the moon, "the realm of magic, forgot to play, create a romantic atmosphere of myths during the reign of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty, stage sets << Palace of Eternal Youth >> and << peach the show fan >> new development in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China, the moveable scenery once popular, but because of the contradictions and traditional opera performances, failed to move the center of gravity and spread hair circled top of hips moving legal grind fresh from the foot of its dynamic law, and the former top hip legs tremble on a film before action is assisted grind behind top lay the foundation.

Soft top hip: small the horoscopes step Station, the face of the l points, ready to shoot after half a beat, left main heel grind stand half foot, right foot forward to 1:00 palm to the left hip to drive the body to turn left on the 7:00 hands swing-up arm with the body right, breathing, eye depending 8:00 .1 to 2 beat feet slow to put down a half-foot, full foot in the center of gravity on the right leg, left foot touch the ground, knees flexion, while the right hip top slowly on 8:00 the body of 7:00, exhale, hands lower right, depending 8:00 soft top hip preparing to shoot the second half to make an action by the foot of force to drive the rotation of the hips and upper body, the foot of force key is cuneiform tarsal promote the calcaneal out grind push up the calf behind the flexor digitorum longus mention half foot so that the heel outside the top side by side behind the sinking of the top hip fitting and thigh quadriceps Under pressure, forcing the knee to bend at the foot like a mining spring, slowly and tenacity the next step, the center of gravity moves at the same time, knees in a squat-like, so the right hip outer top, soft top hip prepare action force at the foot, while the top of the hip dynamic law is top-down.

Rotating top hip: right foot toeing the whole foot, left foot toeing the soles of his feet right to the soles of the feet at the face 1:00 station a beat: right foot standing start landing as the center of gravity, the left foot is also fast ground, knees and right cross the knee, and the soles of the feet and then to flutter right knee under the hip rotation from right to left top moving arms elbow in the chest, palms down, right to left, circled the eye, as l point. rotating top hip first, before the top of the hip by a single top hip from the inside out, top-down soft top hip action law is different, which is caused by the foot of a small the tiptoes step and left Off On the right hip to promote the right hip muscle and left gluteus maximus to the top of the left hip, left hip turn the top to the waist and upper body to produce the opposite movement of this so that the whole body into a spiral rotation. crotch top force is small, fast, smart action free and easy, and pretty.

Third, establish the top hip-kernel Qiang folk dance teaching ideas

Top Qiang folk dance hip moving law is not only the dance moves and techniques, but also there are a variety inherent expressiveness, there are just soft, fast or slow. Qiang folk dance class teaching to the top hip this dynamic law for the kernel, with the waist, shoulders, legs, hands, and other parts, so as to fully show the unique Qiang folk dance style, showing Qiang people simple, rough character, but also embodies the primitive Qiang aesthetic consciousness, so I should use aspect-date teaching methods, teaching materials into the classrooms for students to master Qiang dance.

Vertical line, first to the students before the top of the hip, the most typical representative of the significance of the soft top hip Qiang folk dance and the training value of the top hip action, the purpose is the mind of the students Qiang Dance top hip style images and concepts, but should allow students to truly grasp the characteristics of this style of folk dance, it must require students hips, waist, feet, hands, knees sports sections in the state of relaxation, and to coordinate the movement of various parts, especially important the crotch relax so good aspects of training to be solved in several typical representative significance and training action on the line to find out their basic dynamic law, and which are the backbone of specification image and the mood of the training set of hips, hands, shoulders, feet, knees and other phrases and training portfolio. example, a fast-paced, character, cheerful cross rotation law training phrase, the purpose is to train students to master Qiang living in the mountains between the valley between the shoulders and hips moving down the mountain law .2. lively, smart, interesting Akira shoulder pressure waist top hip Rhythmic Training .3. gentle and steady walk away before the top hip combination of training .4 flexible deep single top hip combination .5 unrestrained passion pace with top hip combination Qiang dance unique rhythm and action, the performance of the Qiang ethnic free and easy, simple, natural psychological characteristics, so teaching, should also pay attention to cultivating students' ability to grasp this particular psychological character and aesthetic interest.

Through several different phrases and combinations of the nature of the training, students not only from the external morphology to imitate, and should allow the students to experience from the inside to the outside, Vivid, identify, grasp, to continue to be found capture the top hip Qiang folk dance unique style.

Exhibition to Modern Western drama was introduced into China, the stage set before gradually many operas of widespread use.

Stage set in the form of aesthetic characteristics

Said Mr. Cao Yu, the famous dramatist "stagecraft, there is no drama, the formal beauty of the stage scenery is the stage most intuitive form. Lei Boman said:" in the form of art that is in the form of life, stage art form of the content. under the constraints of a poem affectionate intentionally painting, like the art of poetry picturesque effect, fully embodies the emotional form of depicting sexual performance can be seen from here, and the stage set designers poet breath artists. stage set in the form of The United States has a separate aesthetic, German dramatist, director Bertolt Brecht: scene to have the value of the arts, but also personality characteristics, content and meaning can be embodied in the form itself inclusive form of stage design, United States to a stage set structure appear
The first theater in the world in the 6th century BC in Athens --- Daiounisi, then theater will have dioramas such as rocks, altar to the Roman period, the theater began opening curtain from the Roman architect Vitruvius >> << building ten books that has appeared on the stage of the ancient Greek and Roman theater scenery of the the triangular prism King "and the classification.

Medieval Europe, dramatic scenery began to apply the same stage more than King "in the form, that the story needs different attractions," same station "and set in a venues. Medieval stage, often make use of stage organ device, Magic changes and special effects.

The beginning of the 16th century, Europe set off the Renaissance stage set design has since become a professional. Proscenium stage and perspective scenery became popular Focus Lens, and a variety of means of modeling stage. The proscenium stage form, increase the illusion of perspective scenery, and promote the development of the realism of some of the great artists of the time, such as up to Vinci, Raphael, and all participated in the design of the stage set. Thereafter, there was complete side curtain system with three sides Wall scenery.

Modern Western, as technology continues to progress, mechanical stage with these modern technological means of sound, light, electricity introduction stage. Stage design sets the structure of personality performance reinforces the plastic arts and theatrical arts in a more comprehensive set design, performance The spatial structure of creation has become the main topic of the stage set design.

Stage art history figurative scenery try early in the Qin and Han "Music and Dance" BaiXi ", has a hand-held props, beautiful clothing and moveable scenery; Song Dynasty, the stage set and pyrotechnics, acrobatics phase combined, there has been an explosion, smoke, fire-breathing effect; According to Zhang Dai << Tao Dream Recollection • Liu Jihui Women play >> records the activities of King film performances << the Tang emperor Tour moon >> acoustics and lighting with performances curtain opened, the stage seems like the moon, "the realm of magic, forgot to play, create a romantic atmosphere of myths during the reign of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty, stage sets << Palace of Eternal Youth >> and << peach the show fan >> new development in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China, the moveable scenery once popular, but because of the contradictions and traditional opera performances, failed to move the center of gravity and spread hair circled top of hips moving legal grind fresh from the foot of its dynamic law, and the former top hip legs tremble on a film before action is assisted grind behind top lay the foundation.

Soft top hip: small the horoscopes step Station, the face of the l points, ready to shoot after half a beat, left main heel grind stand half foot, right foot forward to 1:00 palm to the left hip to drive the body to turn left on the 7:00 hands swing-up arm with the body right, breathing, eye depending 8:00 .1 to 2 beat feet slow to put down a half-foot, full foot in the center of gravity on the right leg, left foot touch the ground, knees flexion, while the right hip top slowly on 8:00 the body of 7:00, exhale, hands lower right, depending 8:00 soft top hip preparing to shoot the second half to make an action by the foot of force to drive the rotation of the hips and upper body, the foot of force key is cuneiform tarsal promote the calcaneal out grind push up the calf behind the flexor digitorum longus mention half foot so that the heel outside the top side by side behind the sinking of the top hip fitting and thigh quadriceps Under pressure, forcing the knee to bend at the foot like a mining spring, slowly and tenacity the next step, the center of gravity moves at the same time, knees in a squat-like, so the right hip outer top, soft top hip prepare action force at the foot, while the top of the hip dynamic law is top-down.

Rotating top hip: right foot toeing the whole foot, left foot toeing the soles of his feet right to the soles of the feet at the face 1:00 station a beat: right foot standing start landing as the center of gravity, the left foot is also fast ground, knees and right cross the knee, and the soles of the feet and then to flutter right knee under the hip rotation from right to left top moving arms elbow in the chest, palms down, right to left, circled the eye, as l point. rotating top hip The former top hip from the bottom, single top hip from the inside out, top-down soft top hip Rhythmic different, which is caused by the foot of the small the tiptoes step and left knee Off On the right hip to promote right hip major muscle and left gluteus maximus to the top of the left hip, left hip turn the top to the waist and upper body to produce the opposite movement of this so that the whole body into a spiral rotation. crotch top force small, fast, smart action , free and easy, pretty. reposted in the free papers Download Center http://eng.hi138.com

three established top hip-kernel Qiang folk dance teaching idea

Top Qiang folk dance hip moving law is not only the dance moves and techniques, but also there are a variety inherent expressiveness, there are just soft, fast or slow. Qiang folk dance class teaching to the top hip this dynamic law for the kernel, with the waist, shoulders, legs, hands, and other parts, so as to fully show the unique Qiang folk dance style, showing Qiang people simple, rough character, but also embodies the primitive Qiang aesthetic consciousness, so I should use aspect-date teaching methods, teaching materials into the classrooms for students to master Qiang dance.

Vertical line, first to the students before the top of the hip, the most typical representative of the significance of the soft top hip Qiang folk dance and the training value of the top hip action, the purpose is the mind of the students Qiang Dance top hip style images and concepts, but should allow students to truly grasp the characteristics of this style of folk dance, it must require students hips, waist, feet, hands, knees sports sections in the state of relaxation, and to coordinate the movement of various parts, especially important the crotch relax so good aspects of training to be solved in several typical representative significance and training action on the line to find out their basic dynamic law, and which are the backbone of specification image and the mood of the training set of hips, hands, shoulders, feet, knees and other phrases and training portfolio. example, a fast-paced, character, cheerful cross rotation law training phrase, the purpose is to train students to master Qiang living in the mountains between the valley between the shoulders and hips moving down the mountain law .2. lively, smart, interesting Akira shoulder pressure waist top hip Rhythmic Training .3. gentle and steady walk away before the top hip combination of training .4 flexible deep single top hip combination .5 unrestrained passion pace with top hip combination Qiang dance unique rhythm and action, the performance of the Qiang ethnic free and easy, simple, natural psychological characteristics, so teaching, should also pay attention to cultivating students' ability to grasp this particular psychological character and aesthetic interest.

Through several different phrases and combinations of the nature of the training, students not only from the external morphology to imitate, and should allow the students to experience from the inside to the outside, Vivid, identify, grasp, to continue to be found capture the top hip Qiang folk dance unique style.

Exhibition to Modern Western drama was introduced into China, the stage set before gradually many operas of widespread use.

Stage set in the form of aesthetic characteristics

Said Mr. Cao Yu, the famous dramatist "stagecraft, there is no drama, the formal beauty of the stage scenery is the stage most intuitive form. Lei Boman said:" in the form of art that is in the form of life, stage art form of the content. under the constraints of a poem affectionate intentionally painting, like the art of poetry picturesque effect, fully embodies the emotional form of depicting sexual performance can be seen from here, and the stage set designers poet breath artists. stage set in the form of The United States has a separate aesthetic, German dramatist, director Bertolt Brecht: scene to have the value of the arts, but also personality characteristics, content and meaning can be embodied in the form itself inclusive form of stage design, The elements of the United States, including color, rhythm, space and time, unified, and many other aspects. the art set designer is through these elements and means to grasp the modeling language and visual aesthetic deeper parsing stage set structure Form connotation.

A stage set in the form of color

Stage set in the symbolic role of the color has been the formation of social consensus, stage color very association, expression and symbolically rich color change is a direct expression of the emotions of the drama on the stage show, the different colors of warm and cold, light and dark, color contrast to create exceptionally strong, mysterious illusion. stage metaphor, rendering, Plot sublimation, gradually open the gates of the aesthetic emotion of the audience, and the audience excited or depressed reaction color feeling is the the general aesthetic most popular form of stage artist will not ignore this factor.

Stage set of hyperbole to highlight the psychological effects of color, symbolic of the emotional effect and color. Stage sets, the use of colors like the actor's movements and facial expressions, the dynamic performance throughout the entire show. Color performances change the contrast or reconcile, to articulate the significance and emotional drama would like to express the functional performance of the stage set color different style to the stage of formal beauty, it may be a visual impact, it may be the illusion of reality , it could be a symbol of the mysterious.

2 in the form of stage scenery space and time

Stage set design is not only space art, time arts, stage space and time synthesis is the general trend of the development of modern stage design. Stage designer in pursuit of a variable flow of space, with Joseph Svoboda terminology that mental shape space. stage design is no longer using the discrete method, designed for a scene or a scene with a King, but with an integrated approach, based on the play of the ideological content design a comprehensive of structure, it has the function of self-regulation and changes, so as to adapt to the different scenes of the play need to form a coherent drama variable space.

The stage in the form of the elements in the aesthetic space organization constitutes a large area of ​​the region segmentation stage and flexible frame structure, stage sets more convenient scheduling. Space the size, shape, direction, closing the extent and spatial structure, is a condition that affects the performance of the emotional qualities, such as repression and open, crowded with loneliness, mystery and cordial.

Stage non-realistic symbolic space performance, strengthen the dramatic action, deepen the drama connotation, integrity and unity of the performances on the whole, as used in the stage performance of black space, can accommodate more association and imagination, to mobilize and call issued audience more abundant creativity. played here "silence speaks" Here intangible wins tangible artistic effect. addition, a large number of space backlighting effect, easy to form a sense of spatial distance, so that the stage in line with the mood of the audience aesthetic habits, a strong visual impact to the audience a pre-emptive force.

The stage art space and time, stage time and space should be free of time and space, the stage only enjoy the freedom of time and space, the wings of the stage scenery art can really fly up.

3 in the form of stage scenery rhythm

Rhythm processing is a very important stage in the form of a sense of performance the rhythm often treated in two ways: strict and freedom. In many stage design, rhythm is one like disorderly orderly free state. Stage rhythm of freedom, no matter The manifestations of the scene or the character of the performance space, patchwork, variety of scenes, flexible performance practices.

Rigorous and endowed with a sense of the rhythm rhythm stage screen to create an orderly beauty, the beauty of the rational, abstract beauty, and enhance the formal beauty of the stage.

Form the framework of the stage sometimes an abstract structure elements, the performance of a concrete thing, sometimes with symbolic language, clever and concise performance characteristics of the stage, these scheduling director actor transform the stage scene since to great effect. addition, enhanced focus turned a deaf ear scene characteristics, with the combination of light and space, various stage elements organically combined have more vivid, flexible-changing beauty of form .4 harmony in the form of stage scenery unified formal beauty of the stage is the stage set by the aspects of color, space, rhythm achieve harmony and unity made, they are integrated, complementary alternate stage set design, attention should be paid to the internal and external factors a combination of law. among the various factors such concerted harmony, harmony, on the one hand to see the essence of the difference in the surface of the whole, on the other hand, eliminating these differences Stark opposite surface, so they Hegel said: interdependent and intrinsically linked to show their unity. "formal beauty, unity refers to the integrity and common underlying personality differences between things that determine the main image, the overall unity and concord need to consider first.

Formal beauty of the stage in a scene structure is presented in front of an audience, simplicity is one of the language of the stage of formal beauty. The concise language better performance stage form of simple and highly refined abstract stage sets performance Baker said: not simplify, art can not exist, because the artist to create "meaningful forms", only simplified to mean something extracted from a large number of things that the stage set design is to find the form, and external overall image design suitable for its unique style, creating a unique implication formal beauty of the performances to be sublimated to produce a real image of the stage, the audience in the limited space of the United States felt the infinite space .

The development of science and technology has greatly promoted the development of stage design sets. European industrial revolution, the development of the manufacturing sector, to the theater, the push-pull stage, turntable and lifts; electrical revolution lighting becomes an important part of the stage art design .20 century science and technology to the stage art design new ideas, new methods, new technologies and new materials, the today's stage art and completely armed modern science and technology. stage art in China learn from the West various drama genre, we must also inherit a valuable tradition of classical Chinese opera, the combination of Chinese and Western, mastery, to the formation of the Chinese style, influential stage art design.

References:

Hu Miaosheng << read the space stage design aesthetics >> Shanghai Literature and Art Publishing House, 2002.
2 ginger today << screen and stage screen idea >> China Film Press, 1987. Links to free papers Download Center http://eng.hi138.com

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