Reflections on the improvement of the accuracy of engineering fields

Abstract: engineering fields is an important part of the project management, to improve the accuracy of engineering fields, has an important role to ensure the project construction in order to improve project quality, reduce project cost, saving the project expenditure to ensure that the project budget and final accounts of the authoritative accuracy, scientific, must be a good grasp of the accuracy of the engineering fields.

Keywords: engineering, budgeting, billing, thinking

Engineering fields is scientifically and rationally determine the project cost, to ensure the quality of the project, and procedures necessary conservation works expenditure under the guidance of the scientific concept of development, firmly grasp the accuracy of engineering fields, more, faster, better, Province completed projects The project is extremely important, it is necessary to give full play to the project budget and final accounts and high sense of responsibility of the personnel-depth investigation into the impact of engineering fields accuracy reasons, serious study countermeasures to improve the accuracy of engineering fields. how to improve the accuracy of the engineering fields?

First, the factors affect the accuracy of the engineering fields

Marxist dialectics that the world is full of contradictions, there is no contradiction, no world any one project will encounter such as contradictions and problems in the implementation process. Affect the accuracy of engineering fields a variety of contradictions .

1, the objective conditions is an important factor to influence and restrict the project budget and final accounts accuracy. As we all know, the engineering design drawings are the basis of the calculation of quantities, and engineering by the outside objective conditions and constraints, in the process of implementation of the project, due to for various reasons will cause changes to the original design, and engineering fields change with the change of the actual situation, is difficult to guarantee its accuracy.

2, the quality of the project budget and final accounts staff have some impact on the accuracy of the engineering fields. Engineering fields lack of engineering expertise and design, construction, and other related knowledge, business technology can not do better, or a lack of serious responsible work attitude and excellent work ethic, will be errors in the process of engineering fields, thus affecting the accuracy of engineering fields.

3, double counting of the project amount will affect the project budget and final accounts of accuracy in engineering fields, the double counting of the project amount will inevitably affect the accuracy of the engineering fields. Why the phenomenon of double counting of the project amount? Budget and final accounts management in the system is imperfect, and the lack of effective supervision is an important reason for the difference between the cost of staff professionalism and ability to work, the lack of a high sense of responsibility, it will cause the project amount to double counting or counting. engineering budget and final accounts management system, ill-defined, is unclear, multi-sectoral, multi-unit involved in the project amount calculated, and is often a "mismatch" between the different departments, units and unit, lack of close contact, the drawbacks of the BOQ is difficult to find the impact of engineering the accuracy of the budget and final accounts.

4, defined project the wrong set of impact the accuracy of engineering fields in engineering fields, different regions, different industries, the implementation of standards different, relevant departments of the lack of effective supervision, defined project the wrong sets of phenomena have occurred, affecting accuracy of engineering budget and final accounts and some units of one-sided pursuit of economic benefits, often unrealistic quotas apply to select higher quotas affect the accuracy of engineering fields.

5, inflated project amount affect the accuracy of the engineering fields in engineering fields, and some construction in violation of the relevant provisions of the State, the the inflated project amount, the impact of engineering fields accuracy due to the amount of inflated Engineering, completed difficult to carry out a comprehensive scientific review settlement, often take double counting of quantities affect the accuracy of the engineering fields. addition, the lack of clarity of the terms of the contract also affects the accuracy of engineering fields. determine some of the projects in terms of the contract the lack of normative constraints, resulting in multi-operator or the risk calculation in engineering fields, affecting the accuracy of engineering fields.

Second, to improve the accuracy of the countermeasures and suggestions of the engineering fields

Improving professional quality and business level is the key to improve the accuracy of engineering fields. Relevant departments should strengthen the budget and final accounts of the professional skills learning through learning and training, budget and final accounts professionals to work hard to master and familiar with the design and construction specifications. If you are not proficient, are not familiar with, the inevitable errors, affecting the accuracy of the budget and final accounts. budget and final accounts staff to grasp more of the relevant provisions of the management of the project budget and final accounts, to improve their ability to operate.

2, scientific and accurate calculation of quantities is an important part of the budget and final accounts accuracy. Engineering amount of raw data, the basis for the budget and final accounts. Engineering calculation, accurate or not directly affect the accuracy of the project cost. Engineers calculation to be true and accurate, and can withstand the test of review. drawings is an important basis for reasonably accurate calculation of quantities, budget and final accounts staff to carefully read drawings, understand very, very well, be able to do a call they overripe in mind at the moment , in order to improve the accuracy of the budget and final accounts. mastered drawings, in order to accurately calculate the project amount to provide favorable conditions for engineering calculation must strictly regulate and seeking truth from facts, excellence, meticulous, otherwise the project amount to miscalculation.

Correctly calculated the direct costs of the project, and accurately set the price. Direct costs accurately or not, has a great influence on the project cost, direct time-consuming, so computing projects must adhere to the principle of seeking truth from facts. Should pay attention to the enforcement of the fixed, to maintain fixed seriousness, no one shall be arbitrarily modify or adjust the fixed design drawings and fixed, seek truth from facts, avoid divorced from reality, high sets quotas. strictly regulate the rate of accrual in the engineering fields. engineering fields accrual rates lack of uniform standards, so the project budget and final accounts audit staff must be the actual situation on the construction of the project, the level of qualification of the construction unit, understood clearly understand press National strict implementation of the provisions of the relevant departments.

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4, as much as possible to collect information related to the budget and final accounts is to ensure that the budget and final accounts accuracy of the premise. Built drawings should be of the engineering fields, the contract drawings reviewing records, construction organization did not count, design change notices, engineering negotiating record engineering and technical programs, on-site visa credentials and other information collected hand. saying goes: "heart of all knowledge everywhere." to do off the engineering fields, learn to collect information relevant to the budget and final accounts, and, as far as possible, be familiar with these data, which understand the design intent, the master construction technology, which is the premise of ensuring the accuracy of the project budget and final accounts in construction projects, to strengthen the management and control of the price, this is to ensure that the project budget and final accounts on the basis of pre-project under the conditions of market economy, accounts personnel to survey research, materials science reasonable pricing according to the market, thereby improving the accuracy of engineering fields. engineering budget and final accounts to do the information gathering work, because the information is the budget and final accounts nerve only continue to collect the pre- accounts of the relevant information, in order to accurately do the budget and final accounts work. engineering budget and final work is a highly technical and policy work, project budget and final accounts to have a realistic attitude, serious learning, good at summing up, improve their basic skills to often go to the construction site, and familiar with the construction process, so as to obtain reasonable assurance as to the project cost, control the cost of the project to ensure the accuracy of the budget and final accounts.

5, to establish a sound scientific management system engineering fields. In the process of engineering fields, it is necessary to seriously practice the scientific concept of development, the establishment of a scientific and engineering fields management system, in order to improve the accuracy of the engineering fields. Engineering fields of practice makes us realize why some projects Budget and Final Accounts difficult to ensure its accuracy, Although the reasons are many, but there is no scientific and engineering budget and final accounts management system, is often an important reason. Therefore, it is necessary to establish the scientific and engineering fields management system construction units To set the budget and final accounts management institutions, selection and with the budget and final accounts staff has extensive experience and a high quality of the scientific development of the project budget and final program, and engineering fields dynamic supervision and management program. engineering and construction unit still works design units, in the process of budget and final accounts, should strictly abide by the country's economic and regulations to ensure that scientific and rational engineering fields. engineering fields to be good at learning to master advanced armed with modern scientific knowledge to ensure that the pre-project the accuracy of the accounts of the construction unit to be law-abiding and reasonable offer, abide by the contract, and organize construction in strict accordance with the design to ensure the progress of the project and the quality of construction, to achieve safe and efficient in the establishment of the project budget management system, the parties shall properly fulfill their rights and obligations, strict discipline themselves, and actively cooperate with each other, forming a huge force in order to improve the accuracy of the engineering fields.

Strengthen the audit function is conducive to improving the accuracy of engineering fields under the conditions of market economy, the project budget and final accounts faces new contradictions and problems, and to strengthen audit functions will help improve the accuracy of engineering fields. Audit department and audit personnel final accounts audit is necessary engineering work to mention their own agenda, by only in design, audit completed stage, broadened to the whole process of the construction of the project, to ensure the accuracy of engineering fields to increase the project budget and final accounts accuracy, project budget should consciously accept the supervision of the audit department and audit personnel, the use of the correct procedures and methods to solve practical engineering problems.

At present, the market structure has been established for the project construction opened up a path, but there have been new contradictions and problems in the development of the domestic construction industry, engineering budget and final accounts business staff to continue to emancipate the mind, persist in reform and opening up, pay attention to the investigation research, forge ahead, to be creative, firmly grasp the accuracy of engineering fields. in the preparation and management of engineering fields, it is necessary to further standardize the standards, and strengthen supervision, effectively improve the accuracy of engineering fields.

References:

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[5] SUN Ye Di, Han Fu discusses how to enhance the optimization of the pre-clearing work in China's Construction Engineering Management [J]. Jilin Architectural Encyclopedia, 2006.

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