[Paper Keywords] water conservancy project construction cost control
[Abstract] on the composition of the water conservancy project construction costs and control based on analysis of the main problems for the water conservancy project construction cost control, and cost control system for the various stages of the water conservancy project construction, water conservancy construction enterprises only seize cost control, strengthen the cost management of the project, in order to maximize profits, achieve a virtuous circle, to the increasingly fierce market competition in an invincible position.
A water conservancy project construction cost of the composition and control project construction costs represent the sum of the production costs of construction enterprises for the completion of all construction tasks of the project, the cost of which includes direct costs, management fees, the temporary building fees, operating expenses other items. The direct costs required in the construction cost of materials (such as concrete, steel, timber, aggregate, lime, brick, asphalt, etc.), artificial fee, Jixietaiban, fees management fee refers to the project management process consumes costs such as staff salaries, office expenses, bidding costs, temporary construction fee of the mechanical equipment and construction personnel need temporary housing construction costs, or lease houses the costs also include operating expenses, it is refers to other costs incurred by the construction site, on-site hospitality, the local unexpected incidents such as maintenance fees. Clearly, the construction costs of the project, including the cost of many scientific and rational water conservancy project cost control study, to to reduce costs, ensure quality purposes.
The project construction cost control is the foundation and core of the enterprise cost management, construction project in the construction process of the project cost control, budget costs; likely spending to determine plan costs, combined with the system control, fixed or control indicators of control, contract control indicators. lowest cost control principles should be followed, a comprehensive cost control principles, dynamic control of the basic principles of the principles and objectives of management control, the main approach, including direct and indirect costs of control, the direct cost of accounts about 70% of the total investment, control the direct costs to ensure the benefits of the project, which includes the main material of the cost of feeding and material management, organization and arrangement fees for construction personnel and mechanized operations costs.
Indirect cost control is also very important, control of indirect costs, including the optimal combination of management personnel program rationalization and office expenses, expenditure control, control entry and exit costs is to select the optimal entry and exit routes. Temporary building fees control, it is necessary to ensure the durability of the conditions to select the most economical temporary building materials, while design good temporary construction planning, the most effective use of the temporary building space.
Second, the major problem of water conservancy construction of water conservancy project construction cost control cost control is a lot of construction companies have awareness of important issues, and implementation of low-cost control strategy of the slogans shouted many years, but I do not know how many target cost to develop, can the project cost never come down, the reason for the low-cost strategy is nothing more than light shouting, but the lack of low-cost tactical total formulation cost management objectives, and the lack of operability, the target has never been able to achieve, to sum it up, including the following areas:
(Misunderstanding of a sense of cost management, project cost management requires full participation, penetration in the management of the whole process of the project, its target cost control through the construction organization and implementation of its main construction organizations and direct production staff, rather than financial accounting personnel, construction management and financial management work mixed, and its technical staff is responsible only for the quality of technical and engineering the engineering organization personnel only responsible for the construction of the production and engineering progress, materials management personnel are only responsible for the procurement of materials and inspection of the issuance of work so seemingly clear division of labor, clear responsibilities and carry out their duties, the substance unmanned bear the cost of management responsibility. fact, financial cost management organizers, rather than the cost management body. misunderstanding out of this understanding, it is impossible to do a good job in the engineering cost management.
(B usually due to engineering structures, the size and construction of the environment of the same lack of comparability between the cost of each project. Thus, how to develop a workable project cost control based on monomer projects is crucial. Many construction enterprises goal of the project the formulation of the cost is too simplistic and superficial, even some construction companies simply reduced rate in accordance with the experience of the project cost to determine a target cost, while ignoring the environment as well as the construction of the project site conditions and duration requirements in project cost management measures, only simple rules and regulations, so that the target cost of the absence and the actual construction process combined operability is poor, and not achieve the control action, will not be able to analyze the reasons of cost differences, so that the target cost is always in slogans.