New era new river

Abstract: The analysis of the new situation of the international financial crisis since the development of inland shipping proposed new river connotations and construction of a new river channels, and the problems that need attention, guiding significance for the future development of inland water transport.

Keywords: the Inland Waterways Clean Energy Supply Chain Information Technology river has the incomparable advantage of other modes of transportation, mainly reflected in: First, inland waterways is not an area of ​​less land, saving a lot of land resources. Energy consumption, pollution light, in response to climate warming has played a major role in the development of low-carbon transportation system, large volume, ease the pressure on road and rail transport. Fourth, low cost, and be able to attract the industries along the river, the river gathered.

River advantage gradually appear, prompting swing around to speed up the river in a more prominent position. Shanghai, Chongqing, Guangxi, Guizhou, Shandong and other provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities to set up a leading group to promote the development of inland water transport construction, will coordinate development of river development Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Zhejiang, Shandong and other provinces (autonomous regions with local conditions, coordinate and solve problems in the river development, a powerful guarantee for the implementation of the views >> << State Council on Accelerating the development of the Yangtze River and other inland shipping. specifically the preparation of the introduction of a regional "12th Five-Year" development of inland water transport planning.

1, a new era calls for new the river financial crisis highlights the contradictions and problems behind China's economic development, exposure to China's industrial structure and economic structure is irrational "soft underbelly" to speed up the transformation of economic development mode, to some extent, will have high energy consumption high pollution, high emission deterrent, growth is bound to slow demand for energy and raw materials, the transportation needs of low value-added processed products will also be affected.

In this case, the river is continue to walk the extensive development of the old road, or along to build a low-carbon supply chain network and provide smooth, efficient, safe, green and integrated transport service system path proactively planning a new direction?
River Unlike traditional river here called "new river, we need rethinking how the planning and construction of a new river, in a sense, is a no experience to draw on the new river transport modes , more knowledge, and then explore.

2, the connotation of the new river compared with the traditional river new river four major difference: the traditional river traffic and throughput first new river that total is important, and the structure is more important, you need to attach importance to the quality of transport, traditional river does not emphasis on scientific development, the safe development of new river walk of the smooth, efficient, safe, green economic development of the road, the traditional river emphasis on transport scale and material wealth of growth, new river people-oriented, while emphasis on material growth of also great importance to people spiritual wealth and social benefits of growth, the traditional river only attach importance to optimize water transport services sectors, and the new river more emphasis on an extension of the low-carbon supply chain, the efficiency of the transport organization, self-organization, and supply chain standardization, intelligent and flexible.

1, demand-led new river to build properly ahead of the river system is a new concept not only theoretical exploration and innovation, more importantly, with a new theory to guide the planning, construction and development of the new river, through practice and constantly enrich and develop new theories , and so on ad infinitum, and every reach higher awareness, promote new river new river from junior to senior development in China as the most populous country and the largest economy, the situation of the new international competition and adjust the structure to the way its smooth, efficient, safe, green and integrated transport system, the importance of the decision must have to meet the development needs of the new era of river industry. Therefore, the establishment of networked, intelligent, flexible service mode, the mode of transport for comprehensive diversification, and the environment coordinated development of inland carbon logistics supply chain is the fundamental way in the future of the new river new river system has a strong social welfare, and the basis of sex, its planning and construction can not follow the same way of thinking in the past, need systematic, holistic , forward-looking, and so to strengthen research and advance planning, step-by-step implementation.

2, to improve river conditions based on taking into account the means of transport level and improve the quality of China's inland waterway facilities than developed countries, there is a big gap. According to statistics, by the end of 2011, China has 124,600 kilometers of navigable inland waterways, including two and above waterways 4,413 km, accounting for only 3.5% of the total mileage. existing U.S. inland waterways navigable mileage of 41,000 kilometers, 25,000 kilometers above the fairway depth of 2.74 m (equivalent to between two and above fairway 61% of China's water network weak fairway Unicom, across the river buildings and navigable the buildings seriously restricted waterway level improve more navigable checkpoints, longer pending gates, inland waterways constraints river development has become the largest "short board" or bottlenecks in ship capacity regard, there has been a structural surplus, in particular, new energy, low carbon ship scarce. waterway construction, it is necessary to continue to increase efforts to channel regulation, improve navigation conditions, the development of major waterways and the locks navigation standards in the area of ​​ship building, as the starting point to the ship standardization, promotion of transportation equipment modernization.

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3, the supply chain to focus new river services to provide services to meet the requirements of the supply chain is an important feature of the new river, modern logistics and supply chain requirements to provide timely and accurate door-to-door service, if up to meet this requirement, sooner or later, to be eliminated by the market, which is precisely the soft underbelly of the traditional river. river only from the traditional mode of loading and unloading cargo to come out, extending to both ends of the supply chain, connecting good on the downstream customers, in order to meet the market requirements, in order to improve efficiency and reduce logistics costs three latitude to the new river carbon logistics supply chain transformation should be achieved: First Product latitude, unpacking and repacking Warehousing , processing, display, trading, research and development, distribution, the MRT business extension, market latitude to neighboring regions, provinces and municipalities, national and even global extension of business management latitude, from epitaxial mode to the connotation of development, from the extensive type to intensive shift from emphasis on cargo throughput only to nurture the development of port logistics industry shift, steering integrated port logistics dealers shift from terminal operators.

To clean energy as fuel to build new river transport system, while water transport has a significant resource conservation, environment-friendly, energy saving comparative advantage, but because of the larger, its consumption of resources and energy, the total amount of emissions of pollutants and CO2 still can not be ignored, the development and application of green ship, lowering the cost of ship energy consumption has become the basis and conditions of the development of Chinese green waterway shipping energy-saving emission reduction targets proposed by the Ministry of Transport in 2015 compared with 2005, the operation of ships unit transportation turnover energy consumption decreased by 15%, the unit transport turnover CO2 emissions decreased by 16%. river scale will continue expanding in the context of building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society, to reduce river development on the environment, resources, energy adverse effects, and ecological and other river on promoting the use of LNG and other clean energy pier shore power, the development of green ship urgent requirement.

Networked information compounds as the starting point to improve logistics efficiency and low-carbon logistics supply chain as the core of new river is inseparable from the support of modern information technology and the Internet of Things application of information technology and physical network as the representative of the modern scientific and technological means to adapt to society logistics services to speed on the new river, safe, reliable, low-cost, low-emissions requirements, but also to adapt one of the important direction of the development of modern logistics development of new river need to establish a "logistics" concept, realize the shipping enterprises owned logistics and third party logistics enterprise distribution of information and sharing of resources, a greater level of resource utilization, reduce logistics costs.

6, to the market-oriented to improve the self-organizing capacity of enterprises in the new situation, the port and shipping industry face more intense competition, especially the production cycles are getting shorter, resulting in multi-currency, small batch, more than the number of votes short cycle logistics become trend, both from the point of view of overall economic benefits, or to achieve seamless supply chain perspective, Shipping Companies need to implement integrated business management or asset restructuring. According to the theory of self-organization, the modern enterprise is a self-organizing, requiring companies must proceed from the overall management as a complex process and self-organization evolution process, the development of enterprises own evolution trajectory, business managers must be down enterprise development "context" to implement appropriate management. In the market economy, it is necessary to give full play to the role of self-organization, reduce unnecessary administrative intervention.

In waterway construction and ship the standardization of how to handle the relationship between the government and the market. Fairway mainly led by the Government, the ship should be market-oriented, the government not only to create the conditions and environment, but also to give the shipbreaking subsidies and trade measures prominent subsidies technical nature, forward-looking, focusing on the to improve enterprise hematopoietic ability, rather than simple transfusion for help.

Properly handle the relationship between stakeholders in the use of clean energy. LNG is a great potential for development of marine fuel, LNG ship for the new energy and shipping companies to establish some sort of integral relations.

How to deal with incoming flights and integration issues. The PMB integration can strengthen the linkage between the loading and unloading enterprises and transportation enterprises, the Yangtze River shipping once the PMB integration and produce good results, due to incoming flights divide and conquer, to separate the two open to a lot of coordination on the contradictions, both economic benefits are subject to varying degrees of damage to this problem is still worthy of study or explore ways and means to solve.

How to achieve effective management of government departments. Industry management and green ship or low carbon ship, the focus of the management of government departments in the shipbuilding links or operational aspects of the relationship between the different government departments how to coordinate? Another example is the government in supply chain and transportation should be the main tube how to achieve effective management?
How to deal with the technical innovation and transformation. Technological innovation is the key to the development of a new river, new river source for the formation of market competitiveness in China's shipbuilding industry and the shipping industry, due to historical reasons of the planned economic system to form a split shipping industry, most of the time with more emphasis on market performance, while neglecting the technical inputs, lack of long-term development of the strategic vision of the large aviation enterprises's shipyards, but more often be regarded as profit sector, rather than as a shipping innovation "the strategic foundation of power."

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