On the materials engineering foundation courses Reform

Thesis Keywords: materials engineering basis Reform curriculum system, teaching methods Ability Evaluation System

Abstract: Material engineering foundation training program and Teaching Reform in Higher Education Reform Project of Materials Science and engineering professionals in the Ministry of Education, the early 21st century "in the trunk professional foundation courses, materials, professional foundation courses, this paper The curriculum, teaching methods, and capacity-building and evaluation system elaborated the idea of ​​curriculum reform.

Materials Engineering Fundamentals "training program and Teaching Reform in the Ministry of Education, the early 21st century materials science and engineering professionals in Higher Education Reform Project" in the Main Course at the Materials Science and Engineering Course at, Over the years, much attention of the leadership of schools and hospital, a higher demand on the proposed reform of the basic course in materials engineering, and teaching teams need to how to carry out curriculum reform, training to adapt to the social development needs of the new materials engineering talent is Materials Engineering seriously thinking about key issues.

1 Curriculum System

Materials science is an experimental science, cover metal materials, mainly engaged in the research and production of material preparation and processing of inorganic non-metallic materials, polymers, composite materials, the four directions, materials science and engineering students, after graduation, the diversity of materials, a variety of materials, preparation, processing methods vary widely, materials engineering problem becomes complicated, which requires to extract from the wide variety of engineering problems, share a fundamental problem of the preparation and processing of various materials, the establishment of material learn the platform courses - materials engineering knowledge-based system.

"Project" is a scientific and certain applications, through this application, the nature of matter and energy characteristics through a variety of structures, machines, products, systems and processes, is the shortest possible time and precision and less manpower to make efficient, reliable and useful things in modern society, "Engineering" broad and narrow sense. a narrower sense, the project is defined as "a group of objectives envisaged the application of scientific knowledge relevant to and technical means, by a group of people organized activities of a (or some) existing entity (natural or artificial) transformed into the process of man-made products with expected value in use. "Broadly speaking, the project is defined as achieve a particular purpose by a group of man-made, the process of collaborative activities in a longer time period. According to the the academicians Shi Changxu Mr. definition: material life and production of human-made items, devices, components, machinery or other material. Obviously, materials engineering is a narrow project scope, materials engineering should be organized activities will be natural or artificial substance manufactured into the life and production activities or process. Therefore, starting from this definition, any material involved in the preparation of technical and methodological issues are considered material engineering problems, including delivery of raw materials, raw materials, refined, synthesized, refined products, after processing, packaging, transportation and other production process works and the completion of the process a number of supporting processes such as production process heat transfer in waste treatment due to the diversity of materials, the preparation of various materials, processing methods vary widely, materials engineering problems it is the contents of a large and complex, avoiding the special process for the preparation of a variety of materials, a variety of materials common basic principles involved in the preparation process should be the basic problems in materials engineering courses. self << Materials Engineering Foundation >> teaching materials, professor of material conveying principle and equipment, heat transfer, mass transfer, and the quality of balance, energy balance, economic balance is counted as a brief introduction.

2 teaching methods

The purpose of the curriculum reform is to improve teaching quality, improve the quality of teaching is to be achieved through certain means of teaching materials engineering-based teaching to be taken of small class teaching, in addition to the imparting of knowledge, such as the derivation of the basic formula, the theoretical explanation still using the traditional teaching-based way, in the classroom teaching about teaching methods.

2.1 Multimedia Courseware

Today's students, from the gate to the school, most students have neither the life experience, more engineering concepts, to learn the materials engineering foundation engineering courses, to be honest, there are some difficulties, full use of modern teaching methods for teaching simplification of the problem produced a multimedia courseware, to simulate the actual production process and process to make abstract concepts concrete, complex, tedious refining the content of the actual visualization has played an important, students vivid understanding of principles and procedures of the role.

2.2 to discuss teaching and design exercises

The classroom set up discussion sessions, and guide students to explore the commonalities in the preparation of a variety of materials, production process of technical and economic evaluation, the hierarchical arrangement of the engineering design tasks, so that students can be thinking about engineering problems. Such as plate heat exchanger in the heat transfer section Design; in several sections of the mass transfer, absorption of benzene material part of the design gas absorption process; distillation section, the annual output of 8000 tons of ethanol plate distillation column process design. students a preliminary understanding of the design process steps: design task is issued, through data collection, process selection, basic calculations to determine the process route, determine the size of production equipment, equipment layout, complete the design task.

2.3 Bilingual Teaching

With the acceleration of the process of global integration, on the night of the frequent international exchanges, language is particularly important. Using the original materials, bilingual education is no doubt enable students to master the original English, to pave the way for future exchanges. More important to broaden students' international perspective, international communication skills and sense of competition, to attract more students high-quality students and improve the ability of international education. Share in the free paper download center http://eng.hi138.com
3 Ability
In the Internet era, all the people facing the same information platform, and even our students better computer skills than the teachers, the click of a mouse is possible to obtain the basic theory of a discipline. This presents us with new problems and is facing tough challenges: we should be teaching students what and how to teach students those abilities. First is the ability to gather information in the Internet age, specialized, modern society is the information age, a large number of information resources can be shared through the network, In addition, there are a large number of databases can use the master information resources, is the master of the forefront of the development of the discipline. Then the self-learning ability, to collect information, how can their knowledge, build their own knowledge systems which need to develop scientific thinking and personality of the students rigorous and realistic innovation and scientific spirit of dedication and spirit of a healthy and progressive learning; access down the spirit of cooperation with the social division of labor is getting smaller, the completion of a project is often a systems engineering requires the mutual cooperation of many staff, ability to cooperate is very important in teaching, students division of labor is an important part of education, the packet can be used for the course in terms of curriculum design, division of work between the same group of students worked together to accomplish a subject has reached the goal of cultivating students' ability to cooperate.

4 Evaluation System

The theory test is not the sole criterion for academic performance from the multi-level to evaluate such as the theory of test scores, curriculum design, performance, and classroom discussion of the results, usually operating results.

5 Conclusion

Materials engineering foundation curriculum reform is a systematic project, the need to perform a strong sense of social responsibility, the system from the course content, teaching methods, and capacity-building objectives, the evaluation system of research and exploration, the real goals of education to train qualified personnel.

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