Evaluation process of new industrialization in Xinjiang and Countermeasures

Abstract:


Level of economic development, industrial structure, urbanization, and many other point of view, the new industrialization in Xinjiang is still in the transition from primary to secondary stage, it exists irrational industrial structure, technological innovation capability is weak, the low level of information, lack of appropriate personnel support and other constraints, therefore, Xinjiang should adjust the industrial structure, improve the scientific and technological innovation, increase the promotion of information technology and other aspects of the process of new industrialization in Xinjiang.

Keywords:


New industrialization, Xinjiang, process evaluation, level of economic development, economic structural analysis.

Party Congress proposed to "adhere to the information technology to stimulate industrialization, promotion of information technology, out of a high technological content, good economic returns, low resources consumption, little environmental pollution and human resource advantages into full play of the new industrialization road "①, which is summed up in the traditional industrialized lessons put forward on the basis of both the development of a new model of industrialization, but also the economic and social development in new ways, new industrialization of the region's economic development has gradually become an important driving force in Xinjiang as After the development of our region, to achieve leapfrog development in Xinjiang, Xinjiang will need new industrialization process and the level of evaluation to identify Xinjiang problems in the construction of new industrialization, economic and social development in Xinjiang and lay a good foundation.
First, the evaluation process of new industrialization in Xinjiang.

As a historical process of industrialization in different periods exhibit different characteristics of the stage. Determine the level of industrialization of a country or region There are several ways to measure the indicators, there are many items. Article from the following aspects of the new industrialization of Xinjiang Process for analysis.
(A level of economic development.

Per capita GDP of a country or region reflects the level of economic development, to measure the degree of industrialization and development stage has an important role in the decision.
American economist H · Chenery and others on the level of industrialization of empirical studies show that: the level of GDP per capita and proportional to the degree of industrialization, the higher the level of GDP per capita, the higher the degree of industrialization from GDP per capita indicators, the 2010 per capita in Xinjiang GDP of 25,057 yuan, according to comparable prices, an increase of 9.5 percent, below the national average 4,935 yuan, 16,362 yuan eastern region, northeast China 9246 yuan, but higher than the central region 815 yuan, higher than the average level of the western region 2581 yuan, ranked No. 19. to average exchange rates for the year, $ 3,690 per capita, per capita $ 3,000 mark for the first time.
(Two economic structure analysis.

1 three industrial structure analysis. Industrialization is constantly restructuring and industrial upgrading process, and its evolution can also be manifested changes in the industrial structure from the proportion of three industries, the primary industry in Xinjiang's economic output rose from 2003 The 21.9% decline in 2010 19.8%, while the proportion of industrial output and increasing the proportion of the economy, accounting for 40% of the national economy to 50%, but the proportion of agricultural output in GDP is still high , higher than the national average of 9.7 percent, also higher than the average level of the west (see Figure 1.


(2) analysis of employment structure. Structure of employment is a national or regional stage of economic development an important symbol, as per capita income levels increase, labor first by the primary industry to secondary industrial transfer, when the per capita income level to further improve, the labor force will by the secondary industry to tertiary industries from Xinjiang employment structure can be seen (see Table 1, Xinjiang's first industry employment accounted continued to decline in 1978 from 72.1% in 2010 down to 49. 0%, but still accounted for nearly half of the total employed population, and more than the national average to high 12.3 percent, the proportion of primary industry workers employed close to 50%, nearly 50% of the labor force provides a 19.8% of GDP, while the country is 36.7 percent of the labor force has created 10.1% of GDP, we can see that the lower labor productivity in agriculture, non-agricultural labor force in agriculture low pace of the transfer process of industrialization in Xinjiang to become a major constraint. Another trend within the industry is not yet clear labor aggregation, lower than the national average of 13.9 percent.


3 Analysis of internal structure of industry a long time, due to various reasons the formation of eastern and western regions of the vertical division of labor between the eastern region of Xinjiang as energy, raw materials supply base, the development of industry based primarily on resource development, based on heavy industry than the major , light a small proportion.
2010 Xinjiang heavy industry output value of industrial output value accounted for 86.3%, higher than the national average of 14.9 percent, the proportion of light is less than 15%, higher than the national average of 14.9 percentage points in the proportion of higher heavy industries, mining, industrial raw materials major share, accounting for 87%, high-value less than 13% of deep-processing industry, light industry 95.7% on agricultural products as raw materials and non-agricultural products as raw materials for less than 5%, still to primary processing in the initial stage of development.
4 Regional structural analysis. Xinjiang's industrial achievements are mainly concentrated in Urumqi, Karamay, Changji, Bavaria and other regions, including North Slope Economic Zone industrial output value of Xinjiang's industrial output value accounted for 66.3%, and the remaining large areas facing shortage of industrialization problems, such as the three southern states and other regions, this lack of industrialization in the main industrial production more fully on the performance, such as grams of major industrial states have alcoholic beverages, plastic products, coal, cement, etc., but do not yield high due to excessive concentration of jobs in the region's economy is relatively developed, resulting in the development of the region showing a more incongruous situation, in 2010, Kashi, Hotan and Kezhou three prefectures industrial output value 4.35 billion yuan, only the region's industrial output value accounted for 2.01%, the three states account for the region's low-income poor people poor in more than 84%.
(Three population urbanization rate.

Population urbanization rate is a national or regional urban population to total population ratio, reflecting a country's level of economic development, industrialization and the development of the world experience shows that the development process of industrialization, are accompanied by the development of urbanization, urbanization in turn, accelerate the process of industrialization, industrialization and urbanization are mutually reinforcing relationship, according to the sixth census data show that Xinjiang's urban population rose from 2000 to 33.75% in 2010 increased to 41.3%, an average annual increase of about 0.7 percentage points, the level of urbanization has increased, but still lag behind compared with other regions. Xinjiang proportion of urban population below the national average 8.38 percentage points higher than in some developed areas such as Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, respectively, low 24.8%, 20.3%, 19.3%, compared with the five provinces in the west, below Shaanxi, Ningxia, Qinghai, Gansu, only slightly.
(Four technological level analysis.

New industrialization is a major feature of the high level of technology, it is a measure of the level of industrialization and integration capabilities of the important indicators from the National Science and Technology Progress statistical monitoring indicator system point of view (see Table 2, Xinjiang's technological innovation capacity has increased in recent years , but still lag behind. based on the consolidated level of scientific and technological progress index, index of scientific and technological progress in Xinjiang in the country ranked 23, below the national average 17.03 percent, with the highest index level of scientific and technological progress in Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin and other away from each other even more, amounted to 36.79 percent, 36.6 percent, 30.35 percent.

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(five level of information analysis.

Xinjiang both in the construction of information infrastructure, the development of information industry, information technology or in the level of credit has increased, but the level of information developed provinces and cities in the Mainland and the rapid development of Xinjiang's economic and social reality of a larger gap between demand , lags behind the actual needs of industrial development, in the primary level, mainly in: on the one hand, information infrastructure, according to the survey, in 2010, Xinjiang fixed telephone penetration 25.4 / per person, mobile phone penetration 63. 0 / hundred people, the end of 2010, Xinjiang's Internet penetration 37. 9%, IPV4 addresses only the country's 0.7 percent, the total number of domain name accounted for 0.3%, of which, CN CN domain accounted for the total number of domain names of 0.2%, with a website 3885, representing total number of sites of 0.2%, average network connection speed of 99. 4kb / s, ② poor infrastructure will inevitably lead to the information industry are small, 2009 Information Industry of workers is accounted for of the total workers in the post 0.9%, information industry added value in GDP was 1.96%, which leads to information technology to stimulate industrialization shaky foundation.
In summary, Xinjiang's industrial construction has made some achievements, per capita GDP, three industrial structure and other indicators, Xinjiang has been in the middle stage of industrialization, but urbanization, employment in primary industry accounted for such term Xinjiang is still in the early stages of industrialization, taking into account the industrial structure, urbanization greatly influenced by the policy, as a secondary indicator comprehensive judgments, Xinjiang also has some early industrialization typical characteristics, which can determine the current industrialization of Xinjiang in the early to middle stages of excessive, for the industrialization of Xinjiang lower than elsewhere in the country a regional perspective, to promote the construction of new industrialization is significant.
Second, to promote the construction of new industrialization in Xinjiang measures.

(An optimized industrial structure, improve the level of development.

1 bigger and stronger characteristics of competitive industries. Xinjiang's oil, petrochemical, coal, minerals, agricultural products processing industry has begun to take shape, with certain advantages and we should give full play to its advantages in resources, based on realistic industrial base, bigger and stronger special industries. First, to accelerate the Tarim, Junggar and Turpan-Hami Basin, the three oil and gas exploration and development pace, around the coal, iron, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, gold and other minerals and metals desperately short staple, strengthen national need potassium, sodium saltpeter and other mineral and coal resources prospecting and exploitation in southern Xinjiang efforts to form a number of mining, reserve base, encourage enterprises to go out to participate in the exploration and development of energy surrounding countries. Secondly, should actively participate in the development of downstream products, the maximum extension industrial chain, to build petrochemical downstream fine chemical industry chain; advancing coal gas, coal to olefins, coal-based dimethyl ether, coal oil industry chain, and actively develop iron, copper, nickel, gold, lead, zinc and other important non-ferrous metals and potash, bentonite, stone and other characteristics of non-metallic mineral processing industry, the formation of a number of petroleum, petrochemical, coal chemical, mineral resources and processing base. ③ Third, around the cotton, grain, fruit, livestock and other regional characteristics of agricultural products, effectively undertake the transfer of industries in the Mainland, to develop high-tech, high-grade, high value-added agricultural produce processing industry, from raw materials to finished products output output shift construction of Xinjiang characteristics of green food and halal food processing and export base, and actively development carpets, jade, Xinjiang ethnic handicrafts with unique regional characteristics of the industry. fourth for the variety and quality, saving energy, improving equipment, safety and other aspects of the use of information technology and other high technology and advanced applicable technologies to enhance the mechanical and electrical, building materials, textiles, chemicals and other traditional industries, deepening the e-commerce applications, to enhance the core competitiveness of industries.
(2) foster the development of strategic new industries. Strategic emerging industries with low power consumption, low pollution, high value-added features, is to accelerate the transformation of the mode of economic development an important driving force. Development of strategic emerging industries should focus on the comparative advantages of Xinjiang, through technical and economic, market demand and economic and other aspects of full argument, the preparation of the autonomous region << >> strategic emerging industry development plan, highlighting the development of domestic resources, technology, marketing and other aspects of the wind turbine manufacturing obvious advantages of solar grade silicon, Dry air can drive independent air-conditioning systems and other new energy projects, aluminum, electronic materials, new energy storage electrode materials, new polymer materials, new materials, new composite materials, projects, power transmission equipment and renewable energy equipment and other advanced manufacturing projects, reserves to strengthen scientific and technological innovation, the establishment of strategic emerging industries, science and technology projects to support major technologies, promoting a combination of research, industrial development funds from grants, corporate R & D spending tax deductible, independent innovation products, intellectual property collateral, risk investment subsidies, loan guarantees, subsidies, etc. to support strategic emerging industries to accelerate development. Additionally, the development of strategic emerging industries and also to avoid swarmed everywhere, should co-ordinate regional development and resource advantages of agglomeration formation of new industries and regional distribution functions.
3 efforts to enhance the level of development of productive service. Producer services is a high intelligence, high aggregation, high radiation, high-growth industry, with the use of knowledge-intensive services to provide customers with specialized features, you can directly promote the production sector correlation economic development, resulting in a cascade effect, improving regional economic benefits, thus Xinjiang should expand and standardize legal, information, accounting, auditing, taxation, evaluation and other intermediary services, and actively nurture and develop investment advisers, advertising, strategic planning, market research and other consulting services, logistics and information technology to accelerate the establishment of third-party socially oriented public logistics platform, to accelerate in Urumqi, Kuitun, Hami, Kashgar, Korla, Jinghe, Alashankou, Horgos port construction and other transportation hubs, and a number of collection, transport, storage, packaging, distribution processing, distribution and other functions one of modern logistics base and logistics center, forming a regional logistics and domestic logistics and international logistics interactive development of modern logistics network system, accelerate the development of modern finance, exerts its effect on the economy role in promoting development.
(Two focus on the construction of industrial clusters.

Industrial cluster is a common phenomenon in the process of industrialization. Industry cluster to promote the industrialization process of the birth and Xinjiang's industrial business organizations are more scattered, light and heavy internal processing of the low level of industrial development, thus forming on technical faults between the upstream and downstream industries and raw materials processing industry structure and the structure of demand for raw materials between the dislocation related businesses in the region is low, did not form a relatively complete, with a high degree of division of labor between industrial development chain would be associated with a high degree of industrial concentration placed in the industrial park inside, help to reduce production and transaction costs, gain economies of scale, production efficiency and economic efficiency, therefore, should be based around the Xinjiang regional advantages and industrial features, give full play to the guiding role of government, from the planning and layout, technological innovation, financial support and other issues key guidance and support, the formation of regional adaptation characteristics, comparative advantage, the most effective use of resources, the characteristics of regional industrial development park, a project to improve the park's capacity to absorb and gathered factors of production, and guide to the intensive development of industry and actively cultivate relationships large, driving strong leading enterprises, will lead to the strategic management of its core technology development and market development up through its technology chain, supply chain decomposition, play their aggregation driven effect, and gradually derived or attract more enterprises to enter to the development of supporting industries leading enterprises.
(Three non-public economy and support the development of SMEs.

SMEs are the main body to absorb employment, economic dynamism is apparent. Xinjiang should conscientiously implement the national support non-public economy, a series of policies to promote SME development measures, according to indiscriminate charges, levies, fines and other acts to further reduce combined administrative approval to relax market access, allowing it to participate in roads, education and other infrastructure construction and advantages of resource development, through in-house corporate governance structure established to improve the level of corporate decision-making and decision-making efficiency, support for small and medium enterprises to strengthen technological innovation, increase investment in research to improve the technological innovation capability and product quality, to promote SME credit system construction, effectively alleviate the problem of financing SMEs. ④.
(Four advancing information technology.

Background and historical conditions are a major factor in the decision path of industrialization, economic knowledge and information, globalization is the trend in today's world, and thus Xinjiang should strengthen the use of information technology to transform traditional industries, traditional industries to promote IT industry chain penetration, make IT applications as an important technological innovation, improve product development and design capacity, improve product quality, product replacement of traditional industries; using information technology e-commerce, e-finance, etc., to enhance the management, marketing, logistics, Business, management and other aspects of human resources, accelerate the technological transformation of key equipment manufacturing information, improve production technology and equipment, IT products, content addition, agricultural and rural information construction but also to promote the integration of information technology and industrialization important part To speed up the agricultural information system, promote agricultural production information, and actively develop agricultural e-commerce systems, support the construction of a number of county economic characteristics of sites, agricultural products and agricultural development of modern logistics, promote information technology in the transport of agricultural products, sale of part of the application, supply and demand docking.
(Five to create an environment to promote construction of new industrialization.

First, strengthen the building of e-government, strengthen the government's ability to online services, give full play to e-government construction in the service-oriented government's role, and secondly, do a good job of social security comprehensive management of network systems, information systems technology, education, information systems, healthcare information network engineering, community and family information technology, effectively integrating various types of information services systems and resources, improve the social security of employment and community management and service levels, and for industrial development to create a favorable market environment. Third, foster industrial development in favor of infrastructure. Infrastructure is an important support to undertake industrial transfer condition is hard to attract foreign investment environment, good transport facilities and convenient modern logistics, help reduce transportation costs, and enhance Xinjiang, the attractiveness of the eastern industrial transfer and therefore should accelerate the construction and improvement of Xinjiang, Xinjiang and neighboring provinces and the national standards of rapid transit network to strengthen these areas of economic ties with the outside world; accelerate the transformation of port infrastructure, and constantly improve the industrial park powered , water supply, roads, environmental protection, communications and other infrastructure. Fourth, increase investment in human resources, the construction of new industrialization implementation inseparable from the people of Xinjiang labor resources do not meet the practical requirements of new industrialization, more missing in Xinjiang meet the needs of enterprise and employment of highly skilled personnel, and thus should be school-enterprise cooperation, order (orientation training and other forms of personnel at all levels to strengthen team building, training personnel meet the needs of enterprise and employment Fifth, improve the legal and regulatory environment, Xinjiang Work Forum The meeting gave a lot of policy support in Xinjiang, the eastern enterprises have a certain appeal, Xinjiang refinement should improve relevant laws and regulations, systems.
Note:

① Congress report: << comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society and create a new situation in the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics >>.
② Data Source: China Internet Network Information Center: "China Internet Development Statistics Report >>, 2011.

③ << Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Economic and Social Development Twelfth Five-Year Plan. "

④ Autonomous Region, the regional government: New Party hair [2011] Document No. 1 << accelerate the industrialization process on a number of observations >>.

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