Paper Keywords: special skills project cost curriculum model
Abstract: According to the needs of business-to-cost technical skills, raised the importance of special skills development course of the original project cost reform, reorganize teaching content, improve teaching methods and teaching methods, so that students truly learn the induction ability to adapt to the needs of the construction market of the project cost talent.
Vocational colleges construction management professional students master the knowledge and skills of the construction project cost, after graduation to become a cost of staff can be admitted into the country registered cost engineers, has become the first choice for many students after graduation. the author through enterprise extensive research and found that the real cost industry, master special skills is crucial to get the students to lay to continue to deepen the knowledge base, learning and enables students to school soon with the induction ability, we need to reform and construction cost of architectural engineering courses, attach importance to and strengthen students special skills training, construction and reform of the curriculum should be based on the business skills constantly be adjusted to accommodate the needs of the construction market of the project cost talent. This article will be based on the ability of the construction budget, and the combination of specific post stressed count the amount, pricing, software operation, and other special skills training, build in line with the characteristics of higher vocational education "close to the posts, a prominent application the ability" new teaching mode, the ability to achieve the job vocational skills talent training, learning to do, learning by doing "teaching closer to the industry, close to the business, close to the post.
1. Enterprise and industry background With the construction boom, reasonably determine and effectively control the cost of the construction work, has an increasingly important role. Determined from the current point of view, the project cost is no longer the traditional sets fixed fee of mode, but resource consumption standards based on state regulations and quotas by construction enterprises, independent quotes, for construction enterprises, with a certain degree of difficulty, which is urgently needed not only in a number of metering special skills, but also fine-denominated talent, which is the vocational education training objectives in order to adapt to the needs of professional job skills requirements of vocational education in the curriculum and teaching methods to make the appropriate adjustments to achieve the training objectives.
2. Talent demand from the current talent supply situation, both quantity and structure of knowledge can not meet the demand of enterprises employing, Project Cost talent gap in the market, but, today, China specializing in project cost of professional institutions basically , and the country's key institutions of this professional is also very little precisely because of the professional origins of the project cost of the colleges and universities, and thus have their own emphasis on project cost of professional curriculum, curriculum system is still not clear enough, not perfect For this new discipline of project cost, which is an urgent problem.
3. Deficiencies of the existing curriculum model. Employees related to the establishment of the market access system, project cost courses as engineering construction has become a very important part in the various types of registered qualifying examination in engineering construction. Higher vocational construction class professional institutions have attached great importance to the reform and construction of the course of the project cost, the more schools to offer at a project cost of professional (direction, but the cost of the curriculum and teaching methods and most traditional undergraduate education in the form that are the first to introduce some of the basic knowledge of the project cost, re-introduced the BOQ and fixed content, then is the engineering measurement, project valuation, the final construction drawings budgeting, this curriculum system is more emphasis on integrated skills formation, and cost the industry can not meet the needs of special talent.
Third, the specific mode 1. The professional positioning based curriculum positioning mode. Architectural project cost courses focus on training students with the necessary knowledge of the project budget, the project cost of the pipeline capacity and soon-induction ability of a course, and for students to obtain a cost member and National Certified Cost Qualification and lay the necessary foundation courses positioning need to meet the higher vocational personnel training objectives, but also close to the actual work and the market demand. beginning of the curriculum reform, the first professional positioning curriculum targeting core and relying on students of special skills in curriculum development, and eventually formed the basic budgeting capabilities. (as shown below
2 special skills based on a new model of the project cost courses. Comprehensive ability formation must be based on special skills, project cost jobs, especially to emphasize this point, one-sided in the past that the ability to cover the entire post course knowledge can post, but this post is either not enough professionals, or not enough sperm, only genuine students relying on special skills curriculum model to make a real capacity for sustainable development, the students into the community will be more competitive Therefore, in the course content based on the cost of staff of professional positions ability restructuring, breaking the traditional teaching framework, the main line to construction drawings budgeting order, and post ability refinement to each individual ability to special ability built based teaching modules, and ultimately the formation of their professional ability through special skills to master.
3 build a teaching module, the establishment of a training mode, from the surface to the special ability of the body from point to plane of human capacity needs of the construction enterprises, the post special ability to focus on engineering count the amount of engineering pricing and software applications of these three block. designed for this three teaching modules, and further refinement specific for each module, each sub-module design and integration, special skills, combined with the of budget practical operation and Dingding internship special skills "point" to gradually form a "face" to the development of the "face" to the "body", not only to strengthen the cultivation of students' special ability, and the formation of the final comprehensive ability, and thus subject to the employer's praise.
4 carrier based on special skills training project design and select a new model on the basis of the modular teaching design the project carrier design and select a key link in the traditional curriculum of each project carrier select multiple decentralized, independent , after the completion of each project, it seems that individual skills are mastered, but go to work really encountered a project, the students, they are unable to start this project dispersion of the evils of the curriculum reform, the throughout the course of the special ability through real project as a real project. carrier, to construction drawings budgeting as the main line, to carry out the actual work scenarios teaching specific practice and training support, special ability as a starting point, students in the learning process real "learning to do, learning by doing, by doing learn as teaching philosophy, students learning content and the actual close to shorten the distance of the teaching and enterprise and by real engineering construction complete measurement of the whole process, pricing, point to an area the plot parts into a whole, the cost of staff positions capabilities into several individual skills, the special ability to strengthen, combination, and ultimately the formation of the comprehensive capacity of sustainable development.
The course of the construction project cost by more than the reform and construction of research, create the basis to develop special skills, form a comprehensive ability to target Vocational Characteristics of Curriculum mode suitable jobs after graduation students can not only quickly, and continued to manifest in the development of comprehensive extraordinary professional ability and qualities to become the employer of choice for.