Several attempts of English speech training

Abstract: The human language is sound in any language, the language of the voice is voice, it is the language of shell. Language words are a combination of sound and sense. It has three aspects: pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary. Grammar and vocabulary are be reflected through the voice of. but to learn the language, in particular you want to learn a foreign language, we should make full use of language as a communication tool, to exchange ideas, so you must first learn the voice. This paper attempts to voice the author in the process of teaching the English language Several attempts to analyze: 1. grasp the basis of the relevant IPA; 2. strengthen the voice of skills and skills training; 3. grasping sense of language training; 4. focus on the application of teaching aids; 5. a combination of voice test for teaching.

Keywords:: speech teaching; IPA; skills and techniques; language sense; aid; Voice Test


As we all know, English as international language in various fields playing an important role. Fluent standard English can promote communication and exchange. In this, a good voice is based on a pretty enviable measure of oral English, fluent expression only on the basis of the accurate speech can easily lead to misunderstanding Bu Zhiyu, be regarded as perfect. Secondly, as English learners, learning a few years or even ten years of English, but dare not or can not speak, pronunciation good or not allowed, leading to lack self-confidence when speaking English, of course, could not break through spoken; but because English is phonetic, pronunciation of English spelling mistakes will lead to a direct impact on the improvement of writing skills. again on the other hand, as college students, and lay a good foundation for the future of voice in the preaching work Tuition, the more there can not shirk responsibility. Therefore, the author's voice in the professional class teaching, made the following attempt.

First, attention and do a good job IPA (IPA) based learning and training. Phoneme is written phonetic symbols. Each represents a phoneme pronunciation. It is used to mark each English word or each letter in the word pronunciation written symbols. IPA learning and training is the most important English speech training. teachers in the classroom should first let the students familiar with the speech organs, and then focusing on the phonetic pronunciation of each location, and for demonstration, so that students each have a phonetic perceptual knowledge. and then pick some from the English-speaking native of recording high quality audio material for students to practice Recognition Word, so that trained before they begin to imitate a pair of sensitive ears. and then read aloud to listen to audio demonstrations, and more do repeat it after practice to imitate familiar with and master the phonetic pronunciation of each. In this basis, combining word, phrase reading, or even a single sentence to read, to study the subject of a single sound into a better context of practice.

For example: Training [p] the phonemes.


1. The word exercise: pig, pupil
2. Context Exercise:

put away your purple pot;


She puts a pet cat in the pool.


At the same time, teachers can focus on classroom learning group extended to extra-curricular activities, so as to enhance training opportunities and group activities for students to learn in solidarity. Of course, extra-curricular time mentioned here is a combination of primary school teaching basic skills training and the time of the morning reading. teachers to the whole class is divided into eight groups of six to eight individuals, appoint a good voice-based, there are some organizational skills of students when the group leader. each week to practice certain material arrangements , asked members check each other to correct, the teacher regularly checks. until the whole class the majority of students pass out each voice is only a training range to the next. By this means, to take care of the whole class, but also to each student cause some pressure on them to carry out healthy competition, consciously training.

The second is to strengthen the skills of speech skills. After all, simply to have a good phonetic equivalent of the relations have a good voice is not the relationship. Voice training should also include the skills of speech skills. That should include the stress, the strength of the word style, tone, Italian group, pause, linking, rhythm, tone omission and assimilation training. Moreover, the skills to master skills in voice, voice can do more with less training to do well.

Such as stress. As Chinese is a monosyllabic language, almost every sound is stressed. So many English learners in English language to the multi-syllables is a headache, often re-read a word wrong. I doing stress the elements of the training sentences, the first students to understand the sentence stress is when people speak, according to the needs of the expression of the meaning of some important words to emphasize and highlight, simply, is to emphasize the most important in a sentence part. and then the specific analysis needs to reread the parts of speech sentences and non-re-read the parts of speech. In giving prominence to the focus of the unit combined with the old knowledge of word stress, intonation and tonal to proceed, �¹ʶ�֪, is the voice Overall a good way to training. For example below.

A Private Conversation


Last week �J Iwent to the'theatre �K. I 'had a' very 'good' seat �K. The play was 'very interesting �K. I did'not enjoy it �K. A young man �J and a young woman were' sitting behind me �K. They were 'talking' loudly �K. I got 'very angry �K. I could not' hear the actors �K. I turned round �K. I looked at the man �J and the woman angrily �K. They did not pay 'any attention �K. In the end �J, I could'not bear it �K. I turned round again �K. "I can't 'hear a' word, �K" I said angrily.

"It's none of 'your business," the young man said rudely. "This is a' private conversation. �K"


Another example is the Italian group training. Outset that when the Italian group is easy to talk on the breath and make meaning more precise meaning and structure, according to the needs into a number of sections. Between the various Italian groups, but not necessarily be allowed to pause, and group within the meaning between words can not be stopped.

For example: we use "" to show sense-group


1. We had breakfast at a quarter to seven this morning.

2. As my father knew about that, he said to me, "My son, remember, 'Braveness gives people strength and power'. Be brave."

Thirdly, the cultivation of good grasp of language sense.


Sense of language is the language learners a feeling of the language learning ability. It is a higher level of integrated voice training. Language sense first by an English and its implications on the cultural characteristics of the sense of ownership that foreign language learners feeling out of place when the disappearance or weakening. At this time in English listening, speaking, reading and writing, the attention is focused on the content itself, rather than linguistic form; think is logical consistency, and not the language is correct. voice training phase, the cultivation of a sense of language is reflected in the experience more authentic sound, a better grasp of the kind of authentic tone, and try to capture that authentic feeling. In this process, teachers can be required Students listen to as much as native English-speaking people from the recorded audio materials, repeated to imitate, and in ordinary discourse is also possible to use this tone of voice to communicate. from the unconscious conscious input to output, imperceptibly, by a large number of exercises to grasp the sense of the phrase part of this is false.

Fourth, is the focus on the use of aids.


Practice makes perfect is that everyone knows the truth. However, the mere imitation follows to read and very easy to allow students to run God out of patience. At this time, teachers learn to sing in English if you can combine songs, tongue exercises, stories and other means to speak English to assist teaching, so that both can improve the quality of voice training, you can also broaden their horizons and active classroom atmosphere, enhance their interest in learning.

For example, in the rhythm of English speech.


Sentence lively tempo, and make the meaning more precise expression. Chinese students often start learning to use equal force to study English pronunciation of each word in the statement, rather than rhythm, sentence stress rule to read, so listen to a very "Chinese chamber." We know there Rhyme in English, which is mainly reflected in the strength of the rhythm, that is, re-read each syllable or weak reading, by the strength of changes to reflect its dynamic and rhythmic dance. But the rhythm Training is not easy to master. Therefore, I pace during training, in addition to explaining the concept of rhythm in English speech, characteristics and main types, but also beating to combine musical training. first let the students review the strength of their music class (2 / 4), the strength of the weak (3 / 4) or the strength of strong and weak times (4 / 4), then use the strong beats that repeat, weak beat that time re-read and light tone. Furthermore, we need to make it clear English, each word in the combined stress of each word as law, will be the strength of the formation of different formats. After a little more voice accompaniment rhythm of taste, but also a more easily catchy. Links to download the free paper Center http://eng.hi138.com

For example, can use the "O" that re-read, with the "o" said the second re-read and light reading.


OoO

Sing a song


O oO

What's the time?


O oO

Take it home.


In addition, the teachers and students learning to sing English songs, further training rhythm.


For example, learning to sing Old MacDonald Had A Farm


(Continued from page 238)


O oOoO oOO o O o O


Old MacDonald had a farm EIEIO


o o o OoO oO O o O o O


And on his farm he had a cat, EIEIO


oo O OO o oOO O


With a meow meow here and a meow meow there


O oOOoOO o o ooO O


Here a meiw, there a meiw, everywhere a meow meow


O oOoO oOO o O o O


Old MacDonald had a farm EIEIO


First of all types of students to determine the rhythm, to be divided, were marked with "O", "o" symbol. And then joins in the rhythm accompaniment by reading lyrics, learn to sing the song again with the tape. In free practice, the entire classroom is pound the table voice, and bursts of laughter and the students singing voice. rhythm training was all in fun master.

Fifth, is the combination of voice test for teaching.


After all, voice training is also a course of study, to test the means, both for students to promote an effective means of teaching is also an important source of feedback. Teachers can design according to several papers with different emphases, including tone test, stress, linking, intonation; or short reading, and even poetry and dialogue, plot characters. pass the test each student's stage of checking the level of training, pointing out that the current problems and future endeavors.

English speech training is hard work, but also a persistent need to work. Time does not pass the test once and for all. In the training phase, the teacher let each student understand this principle, continuous training in the future to continue to consolidate the process of and enhanced.


References:


1. He Guangkeng <<English Phonetics A Practical Guide>> Jinan University Press, 2004
2. Zhou Lei Dinglin shed <<rhythm tone>> Zhongshan University Press, 2004 Audio
3. <<Secondary normal required course textbook revision trial of English (Book)>> 2000
4. Xu Tianfu <<IPA Pronunciation intensive materials>>
5. He Ying <<talk about the English voice TEACHING "> Journal of Shenyang Normal University (Social Science Edition) 1995 II
6. < > Guangdong Foreign Languages Normal School in September 1993

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