Geographical features on interior design theory and critical expression of local culture

Abstract: This paper summarizes the impact of geographical features of the formation of the interior elements of the traditional and critical regionalism a comparative analysis of regionalism, and to explore the interior design in the local culture of critical expression.

Keywords: interior design, geographical and cultural expression of critical

Any space design are inseparable from the 'geographical' behind a variety of internal or external natural binding, interior design the same. Study of regional culture in the critical interior space in succession, will help local culture and other foreign cultures exchange, and promoting the development of traditional Chinese culture, 'and different', good for local culture and modern technology integration between the design of interior space conducive to enhancing the cultural quality, inspiration for the design of workers to open the door.

First, the geographical features affect the formation of the elements of interior

In-depth analysis on the regional characteristics of the formation of interior design factors can be summarized as the following three main areas:

(A geographical material and cultural

Construction of human existence in nature sanctuary, will be subject to a variety of factors in nature and impact of regional characteristics affect the formation of interior design, material and cultural factors, including topography, climate, natural resources, history, environment and other aspects of , which is constraining the architectural design of the most direct factor. First, the topography affecting the architectural form and spatial layout of the important factors of different living space location and natural conditions, different nationalities living wisdom, and carries a huge difference to local culture; followed from climatic conditions, our country houses to adapt to different regions to make a direct reflection of the climatic conditions, such as in rain, snow large place, building the roof slope and speed up the discharge and to achieve the purpose of reducing the roof of snow. Again, the natural resources that affect the architectural form and interior features of the formation of an important regional factor. As the soil, water and other differences, different regions have different natural resources, and finally, building construction is always in a specific historical context and historical period by the state of technology, such as the impact of the economic base. Construction is cultural phenomenon, and is a commercial phenomenon, it is not only dominated by the law of cultural development, is also dominated by the economic development law.

(Two regional system of culture

Relative to the material culture is created by natural or human existence in terms of physical environment, regional system of culture is due to human activities and the formation of the invisible environment, it is the human, social, unnatural national spirit, including family relations, hierarchy, folk customs and other aspects. First, the presence of buildings in addition to satisfying human physical needs, but also carries the adjustment, the conversion between the complex and subtle interpersonal relationships the role of marriage and family who have been a different type of reproductive system , social customs, survival techniques and other factors, the region produced a distinctive residential building institutional culture. Secondly, in the hierarchy, the level of China for several thousand years of feudal society, different levels of architectural forms, and its roof-like, decorative color, orientation towards, construction material, and combination groups, almost all of the rules provisions have a clear hierarchy, so that construction has become a symbol of the traditional rites and the carrier again, customs is a major part of local culture is different from the other geographical and cultural signs, such as the Drum Tower building in Dong village, Beijing courtyard, etc., is a symbol of traditional folk culture, and finally, the formation of religious ideology in history, is an extremely complex mental customs. the world's different religions There are different styles of building, China's patriarchal ethics also affects almost all of the religious buildings.

(Three geographical and cultural awareness

China's traditional houses not only the transformation of the natural heritage of our ancestors, to fight for greater freedom of the material and cultural life, showing the orderly development of human society and cultural system, it also contains a profound sense of culture through traditional residential address, place of residence repeated scrutiny , well-designed shape, structure, technology, refined, and many other efforts, and focus on the beauty of artistic conception, ethical beauty, ecological beauty, a building was created sentient, flavored 'beauty.' First of all, the deep Chinese culture mood is related structure of the philosophizing hit structure embodies the profound implication of the Chinese culture. the mood of the U.S. people food for thought and inspire people to pry into the deep structure of their internal desire. Residential building more than a poetic and Painting outside the United States, it exist in the living human vision, the people felt a building pleasure. Second, while the feeling of beauty is always attached to the shape of things arise, but the United States concept is still being used on a moral escape again, filling the ecological beauty of life is the coordination of their living environment as revealed by the United States, the human desire to return to nature, love of beauty in nature-given, which is human as God's creation return to nature is a harmonious state's own life and the life associated with the common perception and experience and blend of Chinese traditional culture, not only has a strong sense of life, but also gradually sprouted out of an ecological aesthetic.

Second, traditional regionalism and critical comparison of regionalism

(A traditional regionalism: to show its obvious limitations

Since the 20th century, China's 'inherent in the design mode' are suffering from the strong impact of foreign culture in the face of the problem, there were two extreme tendencies: First, exotic blind transplantation, the second is national (regional forms of representation deal. contemporary Chinese architecture in the geographical characteristics of the conscious pursuit of ideas, more performance for the contemporary vernacular architecture in the form of loan to people that are always attached to the construction of decorative surface, easily lead to stress in the design produced only pure symbolic, patterned surface decoration, a concoction of high-grade materials, a copy of the traditional architectural ruins, traditional building roof or the size of components and simplifying the superficial historical phenomenon is undeniable that, from space to see some of the decorative elements, many of which are is a very good art, and even can be called the museum of local culture. This phenomenon stems from ideological seclusion, exclusion of foreign culture, which insists on style and hold on to take a narrow national culture of protectionism, but also created behind the times the inevitable result when traditional forms of geographical representation is applied to deal with modern space, the so-called ornate decoration is undoubtedly time-consuming, labor intensive and costly, a waste of resources, the enormous project, the results in addition to causing shock and in a short time sensation, but can easily be copied and loss of features, can not stand the test of history.

(Two critical regionalism: development of interior design

The inheritance of the local culture and develop more and more the concern of the masses, recognition, so people on the interior design is also put forward higher requirements, especially in the economic globalization and the worldwide upsurge in urbanization, along with Western 'strong culture' of the impact, if our architects for their lack of clear understanding of local culture, rather than conscious, self-esteem, rehabilitation, our fine cultural traditions may be diluted, forgotten, so interior design should be planted rooted in local culture, dig the essence of local culture, local culture and modern culture to achieve the organic integration, and its symbiosis, harmony, so that design work to fully demonstrate the characteristics of national culture in the rapid development of modern information technology today, Interior design requires not only functional layout reasonable comfort, the use of green materials, construction technology with the times, and more focus on creating a space for mental function. In the complicated foreign culture and local culture, national culture, the process of re-integration of the collision with the era of the formation of the unity of aesthetic taste. Geographical and cultural penetration of the interior design of a wide range of diverse, eclectic, from the interior space of function pattern, decorative symbols, decoration materials, furniture, lamps, soft furnishings, to the nature of sound, light, electricity, water, and all human activities are likely to become interior space to create an important element of traditional culture. Share for free download

Third, the interior design of the critical expression of local culture

(A regional culture in the principles of interior design's performance

First, respect for tradition, inherited the dialectical principle is an eternal development of local culture with the cultural system, but in a period of time, some form before the formation of relatively stable tradition towards regional traditional culture, should see that it is also the essence of both dross can not generally inherited in interior design, the critical region ideology encourage the establishment of a dialogue between tradition and modernity, to meet the modern use of the premise of functional comfort, in style, color and other forms of traditional cultural expression richness, truly a combination of traditional and modern.

Second, the past serve the present, intended to innovation. Innovation is a technical means is the use of existing resources to create something new means, is to improve and enhance the existing species, is the driving force of human civilization and progress. Succession of traditional culture and modern Innovation has been the focus of discussion, the tradition in the design and reflect local characteristics, not simply to imitate and copy the form of classical architecture and cultural symbols, but in the succession of innovation, innovation in succession, so that only dialectical inheritance valuable.

Third, people-oriented, nature and man. Modern design should reflect the 'people first' philosophy, give full consideration to the various regions, various cultural backgrounds, people of all ages use needs to consider the human in space in the dual physical and psychological needs. On the one hand, from the details of the start, the 'people-oriented' thinking principle, on the other hand, it is necessary to 'Heaven' as the guiding principles, nature, the harmonious relationship between the buildings.

(Two regions of the natural environment suitable for interior design
In ancient architecture, interior architectural design is a continuation of the first, the basic form of the building, have indoor and outdoor of the points, left the building and the environment is empty meaningless to talk about indoor Natural environmental constraints of the building's basic shape, construction form affects the indoor environment and the natural environment exchanges. First, the basic form from the local Modern architecture inspired by local design thinking, is the prototype of its design from the traditional folk architecture means that the space has a folk form, architectural form, construction method, and detail and so on. Construction Teachers can choose any state in the form of the origin or ideas for new creations. Second, the mountain on the potential of the active profile. critical regionalism emphasizes the harmonious relationship between buildings and sites, to maximize adapt to different terrain, space to achieve harmony within and outside the building. Third, the new interpretation of regional materials. can not simply copy the tradition of modern design, can only go up in the spiritual embodiment. material is very expressive architectural elements, geographical features is usually done by building materials specificity shown. Fourth, a close embrace with nature, whether in urban or rural, modern architecture and interior design, more emphasis on natural, ecological For the village, building on the integration of the nature of this, the natural Obviously, the use of garden green cities, roads, green, waterfront landscape setting, indoor plants, the introduction of other ways to maximize their integration with the natural world.

(Three regional human environment suitable for interior design

First, the use of geographical and cultural symbols. Who is the symbol of the carrier, the process of all human activities, is to continually create symbols, the use of symbols, and symbols to give meaning and value of the specific activities of the process. Contemporary interior design to extend the essence of traditional culture, have to rely on experience to interpret the symbols of traditional culture. To give full play to form the symbol and metaphor function, focusing on the use of familiar images, story, raise awareness of cultural artifacts such as thinking, as an expression of regional human spirit.

Second, the regional color processing. Color is the first factor affecting the senses, in our various ethnic groups, regions and different cultural backgrounds of different colors, images, image interpretation will be subtle or obvious differences in the number of houses in China , beautiful pale color generally biased in favor of Li style, multi-purpose white walls, gray tiles and chestnut, black, dark green and other colored beams, column decoration, the overall color and elegant, and harmonious. pay attention to color design techniques, such as cold and warm color contrast, color distribution balance, the unity of color harmony.

Third, modern interpretation of decorative and construction from the construction point of view of historical development, functional beauty and formal beauty of existence is an indisputable fact. Beauty of form and function to explore the United States there had been two extremes: some design work of the artistic temperament completely beyond its functionality to the form control function, the other is to completely abandon the decorative architecture that 'form follows function.' In fact, history proves that beauty and beauty of form is not functional in terms of opposition.

Fourth, the space of artistic beauty of creating. Mood is lyrical works show the kind of scenes, virtual and real, active life, rhythm and lasting appeal of the poetic space of traditional painting are often used in cavalier perspective, virtual and real, count white Black, imagery and other techniques to shape the performance of space-time conception of Chinese ancient architecture in the mood of the United States comparable to traditional Chinese painting, whether it is the palace, temple, or scattered in the fields of housing, are gently reveals a kind of quiet, pleasing the natural beauty, which fully reflects the natural beauty and artistic beauty of the perfect combination.

In short, geographical and cultural inheritance of the modern emphasis on innovation, refused to stand ism. To focus on building internal and external environment of the organic renewal, such as the geographical material as the main material of architectural design, but it is different from the common usage of local materials, which depends on How to inject the material in the design and performance technology means to meet the interior design features to promote the premise, to focus on the spiritual content into the local culture, to achieve functional combination of beauty and formal beauty.


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[3] Chu Nice, Lefeifuer. Critical Regionalism: Architecture in a globalized world and its characteristics [M]. Beijing: China Building Industry Press, 2007 edition
[4] Fan Agnes. Critical geographical regionalism and regional architecture [J]. Shanxi Architecture, 2006 (9

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