Summary of the analysis of the supply of rural public sports products based on the current situation and its causes, has raised a number of specific recommendations aimed at promoting rural public sports products effective supply, accelerate the construction of new socialist countryside construction.
Keywords socialist rural public sports products supply
New Rural Party Plenum proposed building a new socialist countryside and building a harmonious society, a major historic task of building a new socialist countryside is one of the key development of social undertakings in rural areas, while in rural areas is the development of sports the development of social undertakings in rural areas an integral part of the development of sports in rural areas but in rural areas without effective supply of public sports products.
First, China's rural public sports products supply situation (a rural public sports products serious shortage of supply, urban-rural gap is too large. Current rural development is mainly reflected in the gap between urban and rural residents in the enjoyment of infrastructure inequality, rural basic public sports services lagged .2005 << fifth national census data stadium Bulletin "shows that China is mainly distributed in the campus stadium, accounting for 67.70%, while the vast rural areas accounted for only 8.18%, venues and facilities The result of this distribution in rural areas lack even sports venues and facilities, lack of sports facilities, it can not meet the physical needs of the peasant masses.
(Two) the supply of rural public sports products regional imbalances in rural public sports products, a large part of the local public sports products, mostly supplied by the local government.
However, due to our serious imbalance in regional economic development and local leaders on the importance of sports in varying degrees, the supply of rural public sports products showing a serious regional imbalances, the more economically developed eastern regions of rural public sports products supply situation is significantly better than the Midwest.
(Three rural public sports products supply structural imbalance. Rural public sports products is not only a serious shortage of supply, but also the existence of structural imbalances in rural areas and farmers need public sports products such as fitness facilities and fitness knowledge serious shortage of supply, but can reflect and meet some local government departments "achievement" and "interest" required large stadiums such as "a two Hall" or "two a pool of a museum", etc. and competitive sports such as excess supply of rural public sports products, rural public sports overall product supply structure imbalance.
(Four rural public sports products into weakness. According to the fifth national census data show sports stadium some provinces the number of rural census data, compared with the fourth, not only did not increase but there is a certain degree of decline, which is the main one The reason is that for inadequate investment in rural public sports products, rural counties surveyed there is no fixed number of sports funding, resulting in some of the rural neglect or misappropriation of public sports facilities.
Second, the impact of rural public sports products supply reasons (an urban-rural dual system effects. Since the founding of our country has been implementing the "agricultural workers make up", "the city of light," and the two yuan development strategy. Precisely because of urban and rural two Yuan development strategies, rural has formed a "rural-urban income distribution gap, inadequate investment in public goods in rural areas, rural economic development has lagged behind, slow growth of farmers' income, rural public goods lack of financial resources, urban and rural income gap is widening, construction of rural public goods more lag "vicious cycle status. rural public sports products supply is the same, there is a serious shortage.
(Two rural public sports product itself has the characteristics of rural public sports products have a certain degree of non-competitive and non-exclusive, so that in the process there is a serious supply "free rider" behavior, can not compensate for the cost of supply through the toll, resulting in the private sector is unwilling or did not provide a sufficient number of rural public sports products, so that the supply of rural public sports products can not meet the needs of farmers.
(Three rural public product supply system sports a long time, China's sports administration has been China's Public Sports Service absolute subject in the public's growing demand for sport cases, this "government arranged" single-center public sports service supply can not meet the diverse and multi-level public sports service needs. reality, due to sports administration sports scores as an important assessment criteria physical work, the formation of products in the non-competitive sports willing to choose the excessive supply, other public sports services supply becomes powerless.
(Four rural public sports products supply mechanism of rural public goods supply mechanism of demand for the product by the public expression mechanism, supply decision-making mechanism and funding mechanisms, and the like. Funding mechanisms outside the system in the same time increased the burden on farmers, leading to public goods supply severely underfunded. Due to this funding mechanism outside the system has a lot of randomness, in the case of the lack of effective supervision, often evolve into acts of arbitrary charges and increased the burden on peasants.Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com
(Two to establish a diversified funding mechanisms, the implementation of multi-agent supply mode. Stage, China's rural public sports products serious shortage of supply in the state has increased investment in rural public sports products at the same time, the government should adhere to the provision of rural public sports products are the main , the introduction of private capital and the third sector involvement in the provision of rural public sports products, or taken together government and private supply.
(Three changes in the supply of public goods, decision-making, the establishment of rural public sports service demand democratic expression mechanism to change the rural public goods supply decision-making, implementation of township autonomy of public service provision. Should allow farmers to set up truly their own kinds of social organization, so that it truly representative of the interests of farmers, through the organization of channels to express interests and demands, and the same social organization as the basis of policy makers, service providers as equals to bargain, and ultimately the effective supply of public goods in rural areas and rural political system based return to farmers in the development of rural sports, one must respect the wishes of farmers and power sports participation. gradual establishment of rural public sporting goods needs of farmers expression mechanism, the formation of farmer sports "village self-management, self-education, self-service . "
(Four) to establish an effective supply of rural public sports products monitoring, evaluation and feedback mechanisms to strengthen rural public goods supply monitoring mechanisms. Firstly, to reform the cadre appraisal system, the promotion of grassroots cadres and the region's rural public sports product supply situation hooks; secondly the government should strengthen the private sector, non-profit organization of public sports products supply supervision, improve the effectiveness of rural public goods supply.
In addition, to increase the remote rural and poor areas of rural social sports instructors training efforts on investment in remote and poor rural areas west of public sports products companies, countries could run their business development and give certain preferential tax policies ; rural areas can also use its own natural resources, to attract business investment, while providing public sports products, using shared condominium mode the supply of rural public sports products is a long term project, the government, community groups and friends of farmers themselves The strong cooperation to jointly accomplish far-reaching significance.Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com