Community-based population on urban mobility Management Model

Abstract: This paper concerns focus on the management of floating population, a new approach - community-based management model, the floating population to grasp the subject through the application of community-based urban management in the perspective of the management study analysis. Article in the perspective of urban migrants range of community-based management models, frameworks and content, more objective the reduction of the management model of the prototype, combined with the contrast of old and new models, analysis of the advantages of community-based management model, and pointed out that urban management transition in the context of this study tend to view the application.

Keywords: urban management community-based management of floating population


The beginning of 1949, China's urbanization level was only an initial 10.6%, after 60 years of twists and turns, as the level of urbanization in China in 2009 reached 47.3%, is in the process of urbanization of the take-off phase [1], some experts predicted that China's urbanization level in more than 50% after 2015, and 2050 is expected to surpass 70% [2]. The process of urbanization, urban problems are common, along with the development of urban management improvement, a variety of research perspectives are based on their different characteristics and play a significant role in recent years, the city with a rich practice of community development scholars in the course of the study makes summed up in a new management model and thinking perspective, that is community-based research perspective.

1 Introduction: urban management and community-based research perspective

1.1 Overview of community-based management model

Community-based management refers to the unified leadership of the government's macro-control and, in the active cooperation of the relevant functional departments and under the guidance of grassroots community-based resources, the use of community management mechanisms and means to promote community integration and stable operation of a management [3].

Compared with the previous management, community management has the following three characteristics: First, local management, that is certainly the premise of the gathering, is one of "live and where the responsibility" principle, the management and service delivery the second is service-oriented management, that people in their daily lives based on the needs and provide urgently needed services and support, so the community-based management is a process of community integration, third, participatory management, that is, with special emphasis on community-based management let the civilians actively participated in community service and community management.

1.2 Community-based research perspective: community-based management and urban management link

Urban management emphasis on urban centers should not be dominated by a single government, various quasi-governmental organizations, non-profit organizations, businesses and the public can and should actively participate in the process of urban management to take full advantage of community resources to promote public goals in the community to form a higher quality of public services [4] by the above description, we can see that the concept of modern urban management and community-based management of local management, participatory management, and service-oriented management is not seeking the together, we find a connection between the two points, this is also the perspective of community-based research question of the meaning.

2. Practice: floating population of a new model of community-based management

2.1 Overview of the traditional management of floating population

At present, China's urban floating population of about 150 million, accounting for 10% of the population, urban residents in the management of a large core point.

Along with economic development, the expansion of the floating population, migrant population living in the city gradually extending the time, many people have is the fact that migrants, and management of floating population in many new problems have emerged, the traditional management model can not fully adapt to the social economic development, so a community-based perspective of research for urban floating population of a new management model into the people's vision, which is the floating population of community-based management.

2.2 migrant community-based management framework for the scope and design

Simply put, the floating population of community-based management is the area gathered in the floating population, mimicking the organization of urban communities and way of running the service to manage the floating population, gathered in order to maintain social stability, and through the provision of services for mobile population to provide a social security [5] In line with this concept, we find that the floating population range of community-based management model should include the legal management, household management, labor management, security management, population management, social management and service management [ 6], this broad range of both traditional management methods in the content of the topic, including community-based research perspective unique parts.

First, the floating population of community-based management is the management of networks in the social and legal framework for the management carried out under the second, the new community-based management to gather a geographical guide to household management and population management of both community-based management to security management as the center, which is also associated with villages, urban-rural governance linked to the point that by the floating population management and persuasion, we finally return to their own community-based perspective to service management as the basis, in the form of labor management, which community-based management model is the title of the view, and to provide training to improve their own quality of service mobile population, and those linked with the labor and employment, so that eventually the floating population in employment, which is to ensure social stability most fundamental measures. Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com

2.3 of floating population in the community-based perspective

Floating population of community-based management is a typical community-based research perspective applied by the top of its range, the narrative framework, from which we can actually find the management of territorial management, participatory management, and service-oriented management, which and community management features coincides.

In accordance with the previous category, including foreign population registration system, the management system, social security comprehensive management system, including the traditional floating population management and community-based management model there is a big difference, this paper will combine the characteristics of community-based perspective of these two way to compare, first, great emphasis on traditional household-based management model, which produces mind and its limitations are inseparable dual structure, and the new community-based management will try to play down the residence of the factors, and, in essence, the mobile population centers area-based, take a local management approach, and secondly, the traditional management mode as the main emphasis on the control of the public security organs and control of the floating population as a passive threat groups, and community-based management put the floating population to see as a proactive force of the city, especially in the gathering to highlight its dominant position, emphasizing the participation of migrants and self-governance, has received good results, in addition, the traditional management model focuses on management, emphasizing the wrongdoing of the floating population restrictions, and community perspective in a variety of flow population centers set up the autonomous nature of the organization to provide services to migrant groups themselves, their access to basic social security and welfare, and for the provision of services through the enhanced autonomy of the floating population, improve their quality of life.

From the above comparison, we can see the floating population of community-based management is not just useful for gathering groups to explore the management, but also with social background conditions and trends in the attempt, in the future management of floating population in an important reference for innovation .

References:
[1] <<2009 China Statistical Yearbook>> [M]. National Bureau of Statistics website.

[2] <<2009 China City Brand Development Conference Proceedings>> [M]. P26. Beijing: People's Daily Press, 2009.12.

[3] Wei Na, Wang Dahai <<Community Management (third edition)>> [M]. P21. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 2005.6.

[4] Zhao Chen. "Study of public service to the community of>> [D]. Changchun: Jilin University .2004.4.

[5] Zhang Qiang <<on the floating population management model innovation>> [D]. Shijiazhuang: Hebei University, 2008.5.

[6] Jie Ming, Zhang Yongmin <<community-based service management: a new model of management of floating population to explore>> [J]. Shanghai: Urban Studies, 2008.3.

Links to free download http://eng.hi138.com

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