Analysis of traditional Chinese culture and a harmonious society

Paper Keywords: Chinese traditional culture harmonious society

Abstract: This paper briefly analyze the composition of Chinese traditional culture, the Programme-discusses the fundamental essence of the Confucian, Taoist, Buddhist culture and thought of the connotations of the concept of "harmony", explores how to further tap the sublimation of its thinking, doing to make the past serve the present, in order to provide the necessary support to build a modern socialist harmonious society.

"Harmony" contribution to the universal values ​​of the world of traditional Chinese culture with Western culture advocated "freedom, democracy, human rights, the rule of law" universal values ​​mentioned in the same breath. The classic books << Rites >> vividly portrays Datong wonderful harmony of the society, which is the traditional Chinese culture, the earliest textual representation of the concept of "harmony", Plato's "Utopia" over the same period. "the Datong social" represents the highest state of harmonious society in ancient China from exploration and pursuit of the Chinese People's harmonious world continue until today.

10 Sixth Plenary Session of the Party, Comrade Hu Jintao pointed out: "building a socialist harmonious society is our party to the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the 'Three Represents' important thought to comprehensively implement the scientific development concept, starting from the overall layout of the socialism with Chinese characteristics and building a moderately prosperous society in a global major strategic task. "in this article on this simple to explore the thinking of Chinese traditional culture and the basic concept of building a harmonious society, to reasonably draw the essence of traditional Chinese culture, do to make the past serve the present, thus speeding up the process of building a modern socialist harmonious society.

A traditional Chinese culture harmony constitute simply said, mainly traditional Chinese culture is Confucianism, Taoist and Buddhist thought to the two wings of the cultural and ideological system.

Established the basic concept of Confucianism in Confucius, Mencius, the history of the development of Confucianism throughout China from the Qin Dynasty to the "May Fourth Movement" since thousands of years of history, influence generation after generation of Chinese people, the basic idea has permeated to all aspects of people's lives like the ancient Chinese children enrolled, we must first read the "Four Books", that is the most important reading of Confucian philosophy - << >> << moderation >> << Analects >> << Mencius> > In addition to Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism to Confucianism was the perfect complement, Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and three harmony, harmonious coexistence, and build the spiritual home of the Chinese people themselves. So seize three cultural connotation grasp the core of traditional Chinese culture, thus contributing to a better understanding of the thinking and contributions of a harmonious society.

Second, Confucian culture's moral outlook on life - personal and social harmony Confucian theory emphasized personal moral cultivation, that this is the basis of social harmony. Simply is its main content heartedness and righteousness concept of righteousness is the most stressed of Confucianism point of view, before people say so and so is a hypocrite, calling him a "hypocritical", that virtue and outlook. fact, Confucian righteousness outlook is a noble personal moral sentiments concept, he must comply with the ethical standards require people to do things out non-moral considerations, even should do, such behavior is "unjust" behavior, with a Confucius and Confucian scholars later contempt for the word, it is "for profit". "righteousness" The debate between the "profit" is a hot topic in the Chinese people for thousands of years.

Secondly, the Confucian theory emphasis on family harmony and social harmony Slim, family, country and the world, which is the basic order of a harmonious society theory advocated by the Confucian classics. "Harmony", the family is the cell of society family harmony a direct impact on social peace and harmony. Confucianism emphasizes the role of moral norms of family harmony, refine, disseminate appropriate ethical norms to adapt the relationship between father and son, between husband and wife, which constitute the basic values ​​of the Chinese people and the harmony and prosperity of the moral world.

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Third, the natural harmony of the Taoist culture concept - man and nature harmonious Taoist culture and Confucianism simply is a unity of opposites. Confucian emphasis on social responsibility, but Taoism emphasizes internal natural spontaneous things, emphasized the harmony between man and nature. "Norm" is often said Confucius, old, solemn "natural" Chinese philosophy of these two trends, roughly equivalent to the Western of classicism and romanticism thought these two traditional Confucianism and culture both against each other, at the same time complement each other, the two complement each other, complement each other.

The Taoist culture that only follow the law of development of things in order to achieve the harmony of man and nature. Changing all aspects of nature, everything changes follow the most basic rule is "extremes meet" this idea from the founder of Taoism - I. mean that some properties of anything to the extreme directions, these properties must cause it to turn to its own opposite, this constitutes a law of nature, so to achieve the harmony of man and nature, the development of things must master the "degree" changing the key.

So, how to measure the "degree" of things change and development · In fact, no one can set aside for all things, the absolute limits of all the circumstances, must be based on objective changing For example, in the past people think Hainan not industrial development, and now, we advocate ecological province "and" save both "strategy, that is, taking into account the necessity and advantage of the development of industrial realities of the unique ecological environment protection in Hainan, a reasonable grasp of the" degree "of the development of things, stressed people in harmony with nature At the same time, take the road of sustainable development.

Buddhist culture of equality concept of harmony - the inner self of harmony of Buddhism was introduced to China, is one of the most important events in the history of China after it was introduced to China has been a combination of Chinese thought, and promote China's philosophy The continuous development of Buddhist culture with Chinese characteristics - Zen, far-reaching influence on Chinese philosophy, literature, art.

Buddhist cultural harmony philosophy first is about the harmony between the mind and the harmony between the subjective and the objective is to build the awareness level of the people. Harmonious view of equality of Buddhism teach people to get rid of suffering is to teach people to master a new awareness system, to seek a breakthrough in this new understanding of the system under the guidance of both realized that all the world of illusion, and understanding to all the world the value of existence, and the harmony and harmony between them, from self psychologically thus in the ultimate self-realization with others, with society, and the basis of harmony harmony between the natural and spiritual transcendence.

In summary, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism three culture in their respective positions on the reflection and exploration of a harmonious society, contains a lot of wisdom and the essence of the thinking how better to inherit and develop traditional Chinese culture, both the objective requirements of building a socialist harmonious society, but also a new generation of the descendants of the duty we will work even harder to adhere to the scientific concept of development, scientific inheritance and development of the concept of harmony, for building a moderately prosperous society in the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and constantly open a new situation in the struggle.


[1] Li Xueqin: << ancient Chinese civilization ten speak >> Fudan University Press, August 2003, the first edition of Links to free papers Download Center

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