Papers Category:Culture Papers
- Chinese History Papers
Post Time:2012-11-28 8:14:00
Papers network: a Marxist World History Theory of Discrimination contemporary economic globalization value
Early in the century and a half ago, Marx based on reality, starting from the human material production practice, the process of development of human history to look at a broad vision of world history, profoundly reveal the history of the world of nature and the law of development, scientific forecasts The trend of development of human society, the creation of a scientific theory of world history, so as to scientific analysis and provide a rich treasure the theory and methodology of science to guide correctly grasp of economic globalization.
(A) Providing methodological basis for our scientific understanding of the essence of economic globalization
From a productivity point of view, the formation of the history of the world is mainly caused due to the development of productive forces and the resulting exchanges generally. It is a large-scale machine industry as the main feature of the industrial revolution and its productivity caused by the huge development to promote the exchanges between people generally make countries interdependent and interconnected, so the production and consumption of the entire world as a single entity. formation and development of the history of the world from the perspective of the relations of production, mainly due to the capital of the "nature "decision. Marx believed that the formation of the history of the world is the direct manifestation of bourgeois exploitation of the world market, but the bourgeois reason why desperately explore the world market due to the nature of the infinite value-added and capital expansion Marx pointed out that the nature of the capital the residual value ---- Currency chase, and thus the concept of capital market development has "some areas to around chasing gold was discovered, the new national formation, and thus, the "distant continent rolled into the exchange and material transformation process ...... and exchange extended to the entire planet." Therefore, the trend of world history has been directly included in the concept of capital itself.
Marx to examine the history of the world from the point of view of the productive forces and production relations, has a major guiding significance for our understanding of economic globalization today, from the the productivity perspective of economic globalization is the inevitable trend of development of the productivity of a neglect of people will transfer is an irresistible objective process a country refused to globalization can be thrown off the track of the development of the history of the world civilization. "summing up the historical experience, China's long-term is an important reason for the stagnation and backwardness autarky experience proved, off from the door to carry out his building is not successful, China's development is inseparable from the world. "opening up to the outside world is a basic state policy of China, in essence, is to participate with a positive attitude to the process of globalization, it is Marx's theory of world history positive real response. therefore we must persist in reform and opening up, and actively participate in the globalization Only in this way will it be possible to place on the world economic stage, will it be possible to have our say in the international community also be possible to talk about to catch up with developed countries.
Economic globalization from the perspective of the relations of production, since it is caused by the movement of capital, for the developing countries like China, economic globalization is not just the opportunity, greater in fact, is a challenge, therefore, like developing countries such as China, while actively participating in economic globalization, take full advantage of a variety of conditions and opportunities brought by economic globalization, but also must be alert to the challenges brought by economic globalization.
(B provides methodological guidance for our scientific understanding of the trend of economic globalization
Marx believed that the history of the world is initiated by the bourgeoisie, in essence, is the outward manifestation of the infinite value-added and capital expansion nature. Marx through scientific analysis of the structure and its inherent contradictions of the capitalist economic relations that capitalist society is the starting point of the history of the world, but the history of the world's future does not belong to the capitalist world trend of historical development is inevitable communism .
History of the Marxist dialectical concept of development has a major guiding significance for our scientific understanding of the development trend of economic globalization: from the point of view of the formation and the present era of economic globalization, economic globalization is the globalization of capitalism, from the development of economic globalization trends and future results necessarily achieve the victory of communism In other words, the development of globalization, from the current point of view, is conducive to the development of capitalism, the final trend is conducive to socialism and communism. participation in the globalization process to build confidence, and actively promote the globalization fairer, more rational, more healthy direction and may gradually change the nature of economic globalization, it toward beneficial the direction of the development of the vast number of developing countries, and Western countries to promote economic globalization process into process of melting Western centrism. posted in free papers Download Center http://eng.hi138.com
response to the economic global contemporary China Revelation of the opportunities and challenges of
Marx's world history theory provides a powerful scientific tool for us to correctly understand today's economic globalization globalized nature of today's economy and its development trend analysis of Marx's theory of world history, for developing countries, the economic global is the one the pros and cons of the white double-edged sword "means both opportunities and challenges. Therefore, we have to use the world-historical perspective to analyze and observe the economic globalization, and active participation in economic globalization, the grasp of economic globalization opportunities, but also to take measures, a reasonable response to the challenges brought by economic globalization.
(One to grasp the opportunities brought about by economic globalization to China
Economic globalization is conducive to the promotion of the optimal allocation of capital, technology, knowledge, and other factors of production worldwide, and to provide new development opportunities for developing countries to take advantage of the international capital market. Comparative advantage such as the expansion of the market has more to achieve opportunities, the elements of the inflow of idle resources can be utilized, direct investment is conducive to accelerated formation of advanced industries in developing countries.
Economic globalization further prepare the conditions for the final victory of the socialist economic globalization, capitalism gained new vigor and vitality, but does not change the characteristics of monopoly capitalism and predatory nature with the production of the unprecedented increase of the degree of social further accumulation and deepening of the basic contradiction between the social and private ownership of the production inherent in capitalism, and extend the global reach of social differentiation, not only in the developed capitalist countries and the disparity between the rich and the poor, and worldwide conflicts and confrontation between the few developed countries and the developing countries. economic globalization will reach the geographical limits of the expansion of capitalism, ease the contradiction in the future to extend the life will be less and less a means facing conflict and crisis more and more can be said that economic globalization eventually replace capitalism and socialism ready to objective conditions.
Therefore, we must persist in reform and opening up, and actively participate in globalization, take full advantage of the opportunities brought about by globalization, the use of foreign funds and resources, the introduction of advanced technology and equipment and management experience, to explore the international market, learn from the world market and occupies the positive results of capitalist civilization, and thus strengthen their own strength, expand the influence of socialism, and to promote their development and to build a material foundation for the transition to a more advanced form of socio-economic.
(B cope with the challenges brought by economic globalization to our
While globalization has brought us the opportunity, but you can not deny that globalization is also full of contradictions, the process of conflict and struggle. With the intensification of the process of globalization has also brought a lot of global issues, such as the North-South economic gap The issue of East-West relations, ecological issues, environmental issues, war and peace issues, cultural development and the people's problems, etc. Therefore, we have to take measures to deal with the challenges posed by globalization. First, globalization has brought uneven development.
Far, the process of globalization is still dominated by the capitalist countries. Bourgeoisie this dominance is always trying to output to the global mode of production arrangements in its favor international economic order to achieve their narrow self-interest of the bourgeoisie and the harsh reality of the process of globalization globalization is bound to determine the existence of unfair and irrational side of a small number of developed countries, with its strong technology and capital advantage, as well as the strength of multinational corporations through unequal exchange, in the majority of developing countries access to cheap resources to market their surplus products, grab high monopoly profits to enjoy globalization "bonus", while in developed countries, the vast number of developing countries are suffering from poverty and backwardness of bitter. "So far globalization is uneven, it has deepened the rich and poor countries, rich and poor divide." This is the conclusion made by the Human Development Report, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 1999 << >>
For developing countries, economic globalization is not a purely economic process, but also an Western ideology expansion process of economic globalization, developing countries sovereignty vulnerable to shocks and weakened, they take advantage of the process of economic globalization, to help and promote economic and political reform as an excuse to try to impose their values and social systems to the developing countries, in order to achieve the purpose of the world "westernized".
Therefore, we are in the process of economic development, should firmly establish and implement the scientific concept of development, properly handle the relationship between economic growth and the environment, resources, population issues, the harmonious development of man and nature. Population problem is the core of a series of environmental problems , and the growth of the world's population today mainly in developing countries, and therefore control the population of developing countries to protect resources, an important part of reducing pollution. government but also by environmental legislation and environmental education, and strengthen national environmental awareness, promote beneficial ecologically stable consumption patterns, while encouraging the development of science and technology, and improve the efficiency of resource use through technological innovation, as much as possible to reduce the consumption of natural resources in international economic exchanges, developing countries should pay attention to the environmental security issues in attracting foreign investment develop stringent environmental standards and technical standards to limit the entry of foreign high-polluting and energy-intensive industries through international organizations to strengthen the checks and balances with the cooperation of developed countries on environmental issues, and urge the economically developed countries to stop endlessly from developing The country imported raw materials and splurging practice, discrimination against the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries must be firmly opposed to conclude international treaties on environmental protection, and to oppose some developed countries to developing countries "the pollution export" behavior. many developed countries actively pursuing environmental diplomacy, trying to affect the strength of international conferences and agreements on environmental issues, to grasp the initiative in international environmental rulemaking. developing countries must be united, unified position, the only way to enhance negotiations force, the various international environmental agreements towards the direction of the development of the developing countries favor Links to free papers Download Center http://eng.hi138.com