Stall legalization - to promote the construction of service-oriented government in Xi'an Research

Abstract: Jeeves stall, this is a lot of unemployed college students and even the easiest way to feed themselves. However, such a long time 'street economy' has been wandering in the legal edge, stall personnel managers constantly in conflict with cityscape. Seventeenth Party Congress proposed building a service-oriented government, to solve the urban conflicts, problems of poverty of the people living at the bottom as if the government bear the brunt of the problems to be solved. Stall legalization, given accounts to run a legitimate and reasonable guide and regulate, it is to solve this part of the people living life issues, the formation of the social market economy, a positive externality, advanced service-oriented government.
Paper Keywords: service-oriented government, stall, legalization of the party's congress proposed to speed up the administrative system and build a service-oriented government. 'CPC Central Committee on deepening reform of the administrative opinion' by the Second Plenary Session of the Seventeenth noted that the overall objective is to deepen administrative reform in 2020 established a relatively perfect socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, building services government, responsible government, rule of law and a clean government.
Service-oriented government is serving the people wholeheartedly and promote people's welfare maximizing government. Building service-oriented government, to the scientific concept of development, strengthen the service concept, improve service levels, through the effective transformation of government functions and government management innovation with Chinese characteristics to build public service system, build people's satisfaction with the government.
On the current look, through a service-oriented government construction, government functions to create a favorable environment for development, to provide quality and efficient public services, safeguard social fairness and justice, a fundamental change, to achieve the government operating mechanism to the scientific, standardized, fundamental Legalization changes to achieve government management and service approach to people-oriented, convenient and efficient, standardized procedures, transparency of fundamental change. In the long term, the goal of service-oriented government is to build a socialist harmonious society and the establishment of a administrative system with Chinese characteristics, while the government continues to raise the level of public services, and constantly respond to the needs of citizens and society in order to achieve good , safeguard and develop the fundamental interests of the people. Article to talk about, it is building a service-oriented government, through stall in the form of legalization. So, let's look at what is to spread legalized.
1. Jeeves Jeeves concept refers operator occupation of urban roads, bridges, city squares and other public places profitable buy and sell goods or services behavior. One of its features is the behavior of operators engaged in profitable, the second is the behavior of the operator must have a certain process, which occurred in trading behavior and the third is occupied and the use of urban public road resources, with some self-interest, it is the city product development to a certain period.
2. Status Jeeves population of 2.1 domestic status quo in the Mainland of China vendors career, so far no official or academic data. According to Taiwan's survey, as of the end of August 2003, Taiwan vendors working population counted 443,797 people, 4.6% of the employed population. Referring to the proportion of rough estimates, mainland vendors employed population of about 2553 people.
To Beijing, the 'Beijing 2003 foreign population dynamics monitoring survey' shows that in 2003, 4.095 million floating population in Beijing, stalls operating personnel accounting for 6.78%. So digital projection, then Beijing has nearly 300 000 tour operators.
March 2008 Nanjing 'three improvement' when the statistics Gangnam District 8 Total long-term lane and stalls over 5000, of which more than 4,000 'street stalls without license approved.'
2.2 Jeeves situation Xi'an Xi'an tour operators focused areas: Luomashi (after renovation), hamlet Mart flyover, Parkson hamlet to hamlet cross the overpass, hamlet Military Service, latitude Second Street Yanta cultural Xintiandi , Bali entrance to the village, Normal Road; each school gate (food)
3. Jeeves market economy brought a lot of positive and negative externalities stall in the streets, there are stalls popularity to see the stall, but up until closing time, it is a kind of cultural promotion, Soon, similar goods will be filled this street full of shops and even from the stall, the only culture that has the impetus can also be achieved by the flea market, which is to spread the culture, because she took care to the needs of her clients group, and also create a culture of customer base. Jeeves advantage is very obvious to see, people to buy merchandise selectivity, easy and affordable; for college students self-employment, entrepreneurship provide an opportunity to solve the employment pressure; increased urban vitality and the like.
But it also has some impact on the urban environment and public security, such as the city becomes dirty, chaotic, poor; for the city's traffic burden, affecting people travel; disorderly market operations, is not conducive to social and economic prosperity and stability. In particular appearance city managers, law enforcement and contradictions vendors increasingly fierce, already poses a threat to the security of society, these law enforcement agencies in the hearts of people also left a bad impression, it has given rise to negative social mood of the country .
Root of the problem is that the stall is outside the law, a walk in the economic situation, the economic system, not only are not recognized and protected by law, and no government support. How these are to survive for survival or self-employed people who receive protection and guidance, governments need to take a great responsibility.
4. stall legalization - SerViell NPC Zhang Yubiao government building in his 'urban street vendors operating limited release proposals' put forward, China can learn from South Korea, Japan, the United States and other countries experience. For example, let the legalization of small vendors, defined area and time period allowed orderly operation. Cities according to city planning, public demand, set aside certain areas for a limited time, place of business. 'For example, to sell breakfast may be considered in the morning 7:30 before the end, does not affect the public work, not make blocking traffic; and some selling merchandise may be allowed in 19:30 after the operation, before 0:00 end. '
After the liberation of the vendors, urban amenity, traffic and sanitation problems will bring, Zhang Yubiao that now law enforcement officers to carry out forced displacement vendors or banned, but will encounter fierce resistance. Vendors ban does not affect the people living in and ensure that the state should become the basis of the effect on the urban management 'blocking' as 'loose.'
There are few places with 'vendors legalization' of the pilot, the results are very good. For example, Zhenjiang Municipal Urban Management Bureau joint public security, industry and commerce departments to start pilot 'democratic autonomy.' Eight stall agreed to elect by secret ballot deputy team leader, sorted by balloting booths. Agreed within 20 meters from the junction of the north placed booths, by serial number, in turn regularly swap positions, deputy head of the supervision and coordination. Pilot month, everyone behaved, both got up early to grab a seat do not need, do not grimace with the inspectors. Order specification, the city clean and tidy, and harmonious relations. Inspectors operating mode qualitative change, mainly from law enforcement into a coordination based. The ninth session of the Eleventh Standing Committee of Jiangsu Province by the 20th 'Conference of the Nanjing People's Congress Standing Committee on revising <Nanjing city management regulations> of.' This regulation clearly legalize stalls, with 'street economy' to ease the employment problems.
Zhenjiang: street vendors try to self-management. Righteous way of Zhenjiang City street vendors who occupy the booth every few days since the fight, occasionally severely beaten, righteous road became Zhenjiang typical dirty and messy. In early 2007, Zhenjiang Municipal Urban Management Bureau joint public security, industry and commerce, has held three coordination meetings, the last on February 6 was officially launched pilot 'democratic autonomy.'
April 12, 2007 in Shanghai Jiao Yang, spokesman declared that 'Shanghai Urban warn Guidelines' will be released on May 1 trial, Shanghai will be the first urban stalls no longer will be blocked. According to a rough estimate, Shanghai unlicensed vendors of not less than 50,000, banned for decades. After the trial began, Shanghai has organized 25 districts (towns) to carry out management counseling warn the pilot, the city's central city points were set up to ease the 35-room, indoor divert focus point 28, about the placement of 5,100 stalls. Moreover, by combining guidance management, urban chaos warn effectively controlled the spread of the phenomenon. Shanghai trying to warn road 'lifted', caused strong concern nationwide. However, the road warn that 'lifted' one year, but the slow progress of reform measures, originally announced in May 2007, 'Shanghai city warn Guide' has not yet been published.
April 2007, Nanchang Wanli District in the city to ban street vendors pilot. All vendors may on some sidewalk stall provisions run daily from 18:00 to 23:00.
Through these pilot cities have a significant impact we can see that reasonable regulation of street vendors in urban construction and national construction of spiritual civilization, the problem is that our government is what kind of government, our government how to do it. Building service-oriented government, government transition, our government how to solve the problem of stall reflects the quality of government services. Xi'an government how to govern Xi'an Jeeves, vendors, but also reflect the administrative capacity of local governments in Xi'an, if we can successfully address these issues, the real city management change 'block' as 'loose', which can vigorously promote We Xi'an city government as a service-oriented government.
References:
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[2] Sun selected services and service-oriented government administrative mechanism [M], China University of Political Science Press, 2009
[3] POSTS, Public Economics [M], Foreign Economic and Trade University Press, 2009
[4] Stiglitz, Public Sector Economics [M], Renmin University of China Press, 2005
[5] Mankiw, Principles of Economics [M], Beijing University Press, 2009

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